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Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen

SAP (HANA) Cheat Sheet

SAP HANA, SAP HANA Cloud, SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud, SAP HANA enterprise edition, SAP HANA Cloud Services, SAP HANA Service, SAP Cloud Platform, , …

Confused? Here is a cheat sheet.

Find any term missing? Please add as comment.

Any good? Post us a comment, share on social media, and/or give a like.

Thanks!

Latest update: Oct 4, 2021 – Updated Fact Sheet

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SAP

Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung – the name says it all.

The world’s largest provider of enterprise application software.

For pronunciation advice and other inside information, visit

Fact and Figures

For the Corporate Fact Sheet, visit SAP Company Information.

Corporate History

For corporate history, see SAP History.

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SAP Terminology and Glossary

For the single source of truth on SAP terminology, see the terminology database and glossary.

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SAP Business Technology Platform

SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP) is a portfolio that bundles different technology portfolios:

A portfolio bundles products and/or services. You cannot buy BTP but you can buy or try any of the parts that make up the platform from the SAP Store.

The concept of a business technology platform was introduced after the acquisition of Qualtrics, as illustrated below, where the business technology platform brings together experience data (X) and operational data (O), with intelligence inserted into the four product portfolio pillars.

From the archive: the 2019 edition of BTP

Learn More

Intelligent Enterprise

The Intelligent Enterprise is a concept and strategy.

At SAP, we are enabling our customers to become Intelligent Enterprises by integrating data and processes, building flexible value chains, innovating with industry best practices, providing our customers the ability to understand and act on their customer, partner, and employee sentiment, and how to manage their environmental impact — to grow more resilient, more profitable, and more sustainable.

Intelligent enterprises are integrated enterprises that use data to feed their intelligence.

Learn More

The Intelligent Enterprise with the Business Technology Platform and the Intelligent Suite as presented at SAPPHIRE NOW 2020 Reimagined.

The Intelligent Enterprise was initially presented as a framework with intelligent technologies bringing together technology (Digital Platform), business processes, and applications (Intelligent Suite).

2018 edition of BTP

The Digital Platform, comprised of Data Management solutions and Cloud Platform has since evolved into the Business Technology Platform with Intelligent Technologies as one of the four pillars.

SAP Leonardo (2017-2019)

SAP Leonardo was presented as a portfolio (Digital Information System) with software and services for Internet of Things (IoT), machine learning, blockchain, analytics, and Big Data technologies. Conceptually, these technologies are now part of the Business Technology Platform. Although still present in product names and elsewhere, the SAP Leonardo brand is no longer actively used (like SAP NetWeaver).

SAP Leonardo Machine Learning Foundation is now part of SAP Data Intelligence.

Learn More

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Multicloud, Hybrid Cloud, Hyperscalers, Embrace

A multicloud architecture references the use of separate and/or multiple cloud providers for infrastructure (IaaS), platform (PaaS) and software (SaaS) services to avoid becoming dependent on a single vendor. Hybrid cloud references the deployment model, mixing public, private, and on-premises,

Multicloud (at the time, multi-cloud) was introduced in 2017 when Cloud Foundry was added as application development and runtime environment to the SAP Cloud Platform adding Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud (2018), Alibaba Cloud (2019), and IBM (private) Cloud (2019) as IaaS alternatives to SAP, the original exclusive infrastructure provider of the platform.

These infrastructure provides are often referenced at SAP (and elsewhere) as “hyperscalers”.

After a strategic partnership with Google (2017), SAP launched the “Embrace” project at SAPPHIRE NOW 2019 to promote migration to hyperscaler clouds. This was followed by an Embrace on Azure go-to-market partnership with Microsoft.

Learn More

Illustration: Multi-cloud: beyond the buzzword by Ivan Mirisola

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SAP HANA

SAP HANA is an in-memory database. The official product name is SAP HANA, platform edition.

Standard edition, enterprise edition, runtime edition, and express edition are license editions (same software), see Feature Scope Description for SAP HANA.

Product information

Release information

  • First released November 2010 as appliance; in 2012 for on-premise installations (TDI)
  • As SAP HANA One available on public cloud (2012)
  • As cloud edition available as
  • Product Availability Matrix: SAP HANA 2.0 – Latest version SPS 05 (June 2020)

Learn More

The SAP HANA Era: building next-gen apps

SAP HANA, express edition

SAP HANA, express edition is a streamlined version of SAP HANA that can run on laptops and other resource-constrained hosts.

Release information

  • First released in 2016. Updates released with the platform edition.

Learn More

SAP HANA One (2012-2018)

SAP HANA One is SAP HANA hosted on public cloud (VM-based).

Release information

  • First released in 2012. No longer available.
  • SAP HANA, express edition provides a similar offer.
  • AWS Marketplace: SAP HANA One

SAP HANA Service (2018-2020)

SAP HANA Service is a VM-based managed database service (DBaaS).

Official product name is SAP Cloud Platform, SAP HANA Service.

Product information

Release information

SAP HANA Database Management Suite (2018-2019)

The SAP HANA Database Management Suite was a portfolio of data management products including SAP HANA, SAP Data Hub, SAP Enterprise Architecture Designer, and Big Data Services.

Similar capabilities are now offered by SAP Data Intelligence.

Learn More

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SAP HANA Cloud

SAP HANA Cloud is a container-based managed database service (DBaaS).

Product information

Release information

Learn More

SAP HANA Cloud Services (2019-2020)

SAP HANA Cloud Services was introduced at SAPPHIRE NOW 2019 as a portfolio brand containing three cloud services on the SAP Cloud Platform.

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SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud

SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud (HEC) is a private cloud service for hosting SAP (HANA) applications: Infrastructure + Managed Services + Subscriptions or BYOL (Bring-Your-Own-License).

Product information

Release information

  • First released 2013

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SAP HANA Live

SAP HANA Live, prior knowns as SAP HANA Analytics Foundation (SHAF), provides virtual data models (VDM) for operational real-time reporting on SAP HANA using SAP Crystal Reports, SAP Lumira, SAP BusinessObjects Explorer and other BI tools. Also marketed as SAP Fiori Analytical Applications and SAP Smart Business.

Product information

Release information

  • First released 2013
  • Technically, HANA-based Analytics (HBA) used SAP HANA XS classic model, deprecated with SAP HANA 2.0 SPS 02 (2018) but with continued support for this release.

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SAP Analytics Cloud

SAP Analytics Cloud is a managed service for analytics (SaaS).

Product information

Release information

Learn More

SAP Analytics Hub

SAP Analytics Hub is a catalog that allows users to browse any analytical assets made available through the enterprise (on premise, cloud, or within a non-SAP analytics tool).

Product information

Release information

  • First released in 2017, licensed separately from SAP Analytics Cloud

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SAP Data Warehouse Cloud

SAP Data Warehouse Cloud is a managed data warehouse service (SaaS) that extends the SAP HANA Data Warehouse and SAP BW/4HANA on-premise solutions.

Product information

Release information

Learn More

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SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP)

SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP) is SAP’s platform-as-a-service (PaaS) with the platform services hosted from four environments:

  • ABAP
  • Cloud Foundry
  • Kyma (Kubernetes)
  • Neo

in 2021, SAP stopped using SAP Cloud  Platform as platform brand to avoid confusion with the SAP Business Technology Platform (SAP BTP).

For an overview of the major changes to the names of SAP Cloud Platform offerings, see

Learn More

Environments

The SAP Business Technology Platform bundles a number of PaaS application runtimes (environments) and services. For an overview of the services, see the SAP Discovery Center.

For an explanation of the different environments, see

Neo

The Neo environment is a proprietary PaaS hosted from SAP datacenters and evolved to the initial SAP NetWeaver Cloud and later SAP HANA Cloud Platform. This environment targets HTML5, Java, and SAP HANA XS applications.

As of 2020 the Neo environment is no longer available for new customers.

Cloud Foundry Environment

The Cloud Foundry environment is based on the open-source application platform managed by the Cloud Foundry Foundation. It was added to the SAP Cloud Platform in 2017 (GA).

ABAP Environment

The ABAP environment allows you to create extensions for ABAP-based products, such as SAP S/4HANA Cloud, and develop new cloud applications. You can transform existing ABAP-based custom code or extensions to the cloud. It was added to the SAP Cloud Platform in 2019 (GA).

The ABAP environment is based on the latest ABAP platform cloud release that is also used for SAP S/4HANA Cloud.

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SAP Data Intelligence (SAP Data Hub)

SAP Data Intelligence is a container-based data management solution. It is available for on-premise installation and as service (SaaS).

The product started as Data Hub. As cloud offering it was branded as Data Intelligence. In version 3.0, product and service continued as Data Intelligence.

Product information

Release information

Learn More

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SAP Business Application Studio

SAP Business Application Studio is a browser-based integrated development environment (IDE) provided as SAP Cloud Platform Cloud Foundry service.

Product information

Release information

  • First released October 2019 (beta); GA February 2020.
  • Next generation of SAP Web IDE

Learn More

SAP Web IDE

SAP Web IDE is a browser-based IDE provided as SAP Cloud Platform Neo service for full-stack SAP application development. The edition for SAP HANA is restricted and focussed on the development of SAP HANA-based applications.

Product information

Release information

  • First released in 2014 as SAP River Rapid Development Environment (RDE), renamed to SAP Web IDE later that year.
  • Related: SAP Business Application Studio

Learn More

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ABAP

Allgemeiner Berichts-Aufbereitungs-Prozessor, also Advanced Business Application Programming. ABAP is a programming language developed by SAP for the development of business applications in the SAP environment (as defined in the documentation).

Three programming models have evolved:

  • Classic ABAP
  • ABAP programming model for SAP Fiori
  • RESTful ABAP Programming Model (RAP)

Product information

Release information

  • First released 1983

Learn More

Evolution%20of%20ABAP%20Programming%20model

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ABAP Platform

The ABAP platform is the integration and development platform for ABAP-based SAP solutions exclusive to SAP HANA. Unlike SAP NetWeaver, it not available as separate product.

Product information

Release information

Learn More

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SAP NetWeaver

SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS) is the integration and development platform for SAP applications.

SAP Business Suite applications, SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse (BW), Portal, and Process Integration and Orchestration (PI/PO) are components of the SAP NetWeaver platform.

BASIS is the original kernel of SAP R/3. WebAS web-enabled the platform. NetWeaver added Portal,  business intelligence and warehouse, process integration, development tools, etc.

in 2015, SAP stopped using NetWeaver as platform brand to avoid confusion with the SAP HANA platform. The ABAP stack of the NetWeaver platform is now called the ABAP Platform.

Product information

Release information

  • Product Availability Matrix: SAP NetWeaver 7.5 – RTC 2015
  • Previous version(s): NetWeaver 7.4, 7.0, 2004, WebAS.
  • First released 2004 (originally developed by TopTier, acquired by SAP in 2001)
  • Related: ABAP Platform

Learn More

 

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SAP S/4HANA (Cloud) | ERP

SAP S/4HANA (SAP Business Suite 4 SAP HANA) is an enterprise management solution. Successor of SAP R/3, ERP, ECC, specific to SAP HANA.

The codeline for SAP S/4HANA and SAP S/4HANA Cloud, product and service, are the same. Depending on the degree of standardisation or flexibility desired/required, there are four approaches (deployment options / consumption models) ranging from standard software-as-a-service (SaaS) to traditional on-premise datacenter installation.

  • SAP S/4HANA Cloud, essentials edition (ES) – multi-tenant, hence highly standardised
  • SAP S/4HANA Cloud, extended edition (EX) – single tenant, thus more flexible
  • SAP S/4HANA AnyPremise (on-premises)
    • SAP-managed private cloud (see HEC)
    • Private cloud managed by third-party cloud service provider
    • Corporate datacenter

Product information

Release information

  • First released 2015
  • Predecessors: SAP Business Suite powered by SAP HANA, SAP ERP 6.0, SAP ECC 5.0, SAP R/3
  • For on-premises, see the Product Availability Matrix: SAP S/4HANA 1909 – RTC 2019
  • For SAP S/4HANA Cloud, see the What’s New viewer. A new release is planned for each quarter. For this year: 20-02, 20-05, 20-08, and 20-11.

Learn More

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SAP BW/4HANA

SAP BW/4HANA is a business warehouse (BW) solution specific to SAP HANA.

Product information

Release information

Learn More

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SAP Customer Experience | CRM

SAP Customer Experience (CX) brings together customer data, experiential and operational data, and the power of intelligent technologies across sales, marketing, commerce, and service to deliver engaging and trusted experiences.

Product information

Release information

  • The portfolio suite was initially launched in 2018 as SAP C/4HANA.
  • Commerce, Marketing, and Service Cloud evolved from Hybris solutions.
  • Sales Cloud evolved from Callidus Cloud, Hybris solutions, and SAP Revenue Cloud.
  • Customer Data Cloud evolved from Gigya solutions.

Learn More

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SAP Ariba

SAP Ariba provides procurement and supply chain collaboration solutions. They are listed together with SAP Fieldglass and SAP Concur as Network and Spend Management. Ariba solutions are

Ariba was founded in 1996 and acquired by SAP in 2012.

Company information

Product information

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SAP Fieldglass

SAP Fieldglass is a vendor management solution (VMS) that simplifies the process of procuring, managing, and optimizing flexible workforces.

SuccessFactors was founded in 1999 as B2B People and acquired by SAP in 2014.

The Fieldglass portfolio includes the services

Company information

Product information

Learn More

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SAP SuccessFactors

The SAP SuccessFactors HXM Suite is an evolved, cloud-based human resources management system (HRMS) with a focus on engagement and experiences.

SuccessFactors was founded in 2001 and acquired by SAP in 2012. At the time, the products were marketed as the Business Execution (BIX) suite, under SAP this became the Human Capital Management (HCM) suite and more recently, after the acquisition of Qualtrics Experience Management (XM) suite in 2018, the Human Experience Management (HXM) suite.

The HXM suite comprises the following categories and products

Company information

Product information

Learn More

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SAPPHIRE NOW

SAPPHIRE NOW is SAP’s annual business conference for customers and partners usually held in Orlando Florida. In 2019, 30,000 attendees from over 100 countries participated to hear about the latest innovations and to network with peers, joined by many more online. In 2020, the event was reimagined with an exclusive digital program.

The name goes back to the early days: SAP’s Perennial Highly Integrated R/2-R/3 Exchange (1989).

For the developers and technical consultants, the annual event is SAP TechEd.

Learn More

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SAP TechEd

SAP TechEd is SAP’s annual technology education conference for customers and partners held in three locations in the fall for 3-4 days. In 2019 it was held in Las Vegas (US), Spain, and Bangalore (India) .

In 2020, the event was virtual and free.

The SAP Technical Developers Conference was first held in 1996 in Orlando, Florida during SAPPHIRENOW.

Learn More

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For the others posts, see

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Share and Connect

Questions? Please post as comment.

Useful? Give us a like and share on social media.

Thanks!

If you would like to receive updates, connect with me on

For the author page of SAP PRESS, visit

Over the years, for the SAP HANA Academy, SAP’s Partner Innovation Lab, and à titre personnel, I have written a little over 300 posts here for the SAP Community. Some articles only reached a few readers. Others attracted quite a few more.

For your reading pleasure and convenience, here is a curated list of posts which somehow managed to pass the 10k-view mile stone and, as sign of current interest, still tickle the counters each month.

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      38 Comments
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      Author's profile photo Ajay Gupta
      Ajay Gupta

      Very good overview.

       

      Ajay Gupta

      Author's profile photo Witalij Rudnicki
      Witalij Rudnicki

      Well done, indeed

      Author's profile photo Satish Kumar Prasad
      Satish Kumar Prasad

      Very useful information. Thanks a ton !

      Author's profile photo K P Parmar
      K P Parmar

      very useful and simplifying !

      Author's profile photo Claus Brunner
      Claus Brunner

      Thanks for your useful work!

      Author's profile photo Suresh Ramanathan
      Suresh Ramanathan

      Cheat sheet of cheat sheets!

      Author's profile photo Venkata Panchakarla
      Venkata Panchakarla

      Excellent work

      Author's profile photo Michael Ng
      Michael Ng

      Good sheet. I don't see HCM or HXM. Thanks.

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Michael,

      Thanks for the suggestion. I have added a section.

      Although acquired in 2012, SuccessFactors has remained a separate entity with their own events (not at TechEd) and community (not the SAP Community), so not all SAP employees are all that intimately familiar necessarily with the HXM Suite.

      However, as SuccessFactors runs on HANA we could not leave it out, of course.

      Author's profile photo Michael Keller
      Michael Keller

      Great work! Thank you! There was a time when I thought there's a department within SAP AG that invents names for products with a lot of creativity. I was so confused and sometimes I am still today 😉

      Author's profile photo Bulent Ozgul
      Bulent Ozgul

      Denys great article. One product that I have not seen is on the list is SAP Analytics Hub". Maybe you can add it.

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Bulent,

      Thanks for the suggestion: added.

      Author's profile photo Barnaby Richards
      Barnaby Richards

      I believe it's now officially called "Analytics Catalog" and is delivered as part of SAC.  The product pages don't seem to be updated yet though.

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks, Barnaby

      The analytics catalog is coming up as new feature as complementary service, not replacement. Once available, I will add a note.

      • https://www.sapanalytics.cloud/product_updates/release-2020-05/
      Author's profile photo Michael Eaton
      Michael Eaton

      A very useful summary, thanks. I shall be forwarding this to my organisation!

      I fear it might be a full-time job keeping this up-to-date though. 🙂

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      No worries, This overview has been generated using intelligent technologies. 😉

      Author's profile photo Lee Clemmer
      Lee Clemmer

      Great and very useful overview and summary, thanks for putting it together!

      Author's profile photo Michael Schliebner
      Michael Schliebner

      Although Mum told me to never to use cheat sheets, this one is way too daunting.

      Couldn't find SAP IQ.

      Thank you Denys!

       

      P.S. and please don’t tell her ?

      Author's profile photo Thomas Hofmann
      Thomas Hofmann

      Thank you Denys for pulling this together. This was long overdue.

      Many SAP customers are overwhelmed and confused by the complexity of SAP's solution portfolio. And most cannot make sense of it without engaging a seasoned Enterprise Architect helping to decide which component to use when and how; let alone how to integrate it into their legacy landscape.

      Your cheat sheet is a valuable asset in shedding some light into SAP HANA universe. Please keep updating it for future reference.

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      Hello Thomas,

      Good to hear you find the blog of use. The intention is to keep it up to date.

      Should any term be missing, just let me know.

      Thanks

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      Inspired by your post, just added an update for the S/4HANA section

      Author's profile photo A S Reddy Lokesh
      A S Reddy Lokesh

      Very Informative and Excellently written article, Denis!

      Author's profile photo Antonio De Ancos Cid
      Antonio De Ancos Cid

      Awesome!

      Thank you!

      Author's profile photo Chris Mahoney
      Chris Mahoney

      Thanks for compiling the content -

      Author's profile photo alexander roan
      alexander roan

      Great collection of information & links, thank you

      Author's profile photo Bharadhwaz Gaddam
      Bharadhwaz Gaddam

      In-Page information about SAP HANA. Great information! Thanks a ton!

      Author's profile photo Eid Haddad
      Eid Haddad

      Excellent blog. Very good to find all this information in an organized way. Congratulations.

      I added it to my favorites...

      Author's profile photo Narasimha reddy Tavanam
      Narasimha reddy Tavanam

      Informative, thank you.

      Author's profile photo Peter Fischer
      Peter Fischer

      This is fantastic Denys! It is a very valuable source of information about SAP and your solutions. Greatly appreciate your work which I will share with my teams as a dictionary / reference.

      Author's profile photo Debjyoti Rakshit
      Debjyoti Rakshit

      Very informative, Denys. Thanks for compiling at one place. Just a query, would SAP Fieldglass and SAP Ariba come under the realm of this cheat sheet?

      Kidos for this blog.

       

      Thanks.

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Debjyoti,

      Added two small sections. For more information about SAP Ariba, see

      Thanks

      Author's profile photo Michael Piesche
      Michael Piesche

      Hello Denys, can you leave a comment on the evolvement of C/4HANA. The official title is now SAP Customer Experience. Is the name C/4HANA still used in some way or form? Can you also give information about whether all components of the C/4HANA suite are meant to be run on HANA by now? Kind regards and thank you for this blog. Michael

      Author's profile photo Denys van Kempen
      Denys van Kempen
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Michael,

      Thanks for asking.

      Updated

      You may still find references to C/4HANA on sap.com website (e.g. https://api.sap.com/themes/SAPC4HANA) but I expect these to be all updated with the new branding as times goes by. Whether all solutions of the suite run on SAP HANA is a good question. Let me ask around and I will post an update to this comment. 

      Author's profile photo Alexey Lantsman
      Alexey Lantsman

      Really great overview! Thank you!

      Author's profile photo Enio Terra
      Enio Terra

      Wow!! Excelent content... thanks for sharing!

      Author's profile photo Sanil Bhandari
      Sanil Bhandari

      Excellent overview. Thanks a lot for sharing.

      Author's profile photo S. Bilgen
      S. Bilgen

      Excellent,thanks a lot.

      Author's profile photo Vikash Panigrahi
      Vikash Panigrahi

      Great write up Denys. It's very informative to have them all in one place!! Super helpful!!!