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Getting Started with the ABAP RESTful Programming Model

The ABAP RESTful Programming Model is generally available in the SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment as well as on-premise in SAP S/4HANA, starting with edition 1909.
This blog offers a collection of materials (e.g. presentations, tutorials and videos) to get started with the topic,
and will be updated regularly.

Introduction

The ABAP RESTful Programming Model offers developers an efficient way to build enterprise-ready, SAP HANA-optimized, OData-based Fiori UI services and Web APIs in the cloud as well as on-premise. It is the evolutionary successor to the ABAP Programming Model for SAP Fiori.

The ABAP RESTful Programming Model is generally available in the SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment, and now also in SAP S/4HANA starting with the edition 1909. The feature scope in SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment is enhanced on a quarterly basis on defined dates, while new capabilities are delivered in SAP S/4HANA on a yearly basis with new on-premise editions.

The greenfield development of OData-based services – i.e., from scratch – is supported with the so-called managed implementation type, whereas the brownfield development – i.e., based on legacy code – is supported with the so-called unmanaged implementation type.

The key players in the ABAP RESTful Programming Model are:

 

ABAP Developments Tools in Eclipse Languages:
ABAP and CDS
Powerful
frameworks

The ABAP RESTful Programming Model comes with a set of development guides and best practices to facilitate the developer onboarding. The best practices are provided in the form of ready-to-use examples delivered with the ABAP Flight Reference Scenario (refer to the appropriate section below).

Learn More:

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Recordings

Watch the following videos to get an overview of the ABAP RESTful Programming Model. Different system demonstrations on the greenfield development with the managed implementation are shown.

CAA103@SAP TechEd 2019, Las Vegas

Access the presentation

CAA103@SAP TechEd 2019, Barcelona

Access the presentation

Further Recordings:

In the following videos, system demonstrations on the brownfield development with the unmanaged implementation types are shown.

SAP TechEd 2018 CNA215 – Get the Big Picture of the ABAP RESTful Programming Model
SAP TechEd 2018 CNA216 – Technical Deep Dive into the ABAP RESTful Programming Model

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Official Documentation

This section provides links to the existing official documentation available in the SAP Help Portal.

For SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment

For SAP S/4HANA 1909 and later

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ABAP Flight Reference Scenario

The ABAP Flight Reference Scenario is a new data model intended for demo purposes and use in training courses – mainly in the context of the ABAP RESTful Programming Model. It is a reloaded and adapted version of the well-known NW Flight data model.

The ABAP Flight Reference Scenario offers several examples that can serve as reference implementations of the various capabilities provided by the ABAP RESTful Programming Model. It is not an integral part of the ABAP platform, but SAP – i.e. the ABAP Platform team –  makes it available and provides updates on GitHub. Therefore, it must be imported into the relevant ABAP systems before use.

Learn more – SAP CP ABAP Environment:

Learn more – SAP S/4HANA 1909 and later:

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Tutorials for SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment

Get hands-on experience with the ABAP RESTful Programming Model in the cloud.

The majority of the following How-To-tutorials are based on the ABAP Flight Reference Scenario described in the previous section. Therefore, it must have been previously imported into your ABAP system.

Tutorials from the SAP Developer Center (Entry Point)

  1. Create an SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment Trial User (if trial user not yet available)
  2. Building a transactional Fiori app using the unmanaged implementation type (tutorial group)
  3. Building a transactional Fiori app using the managed implementation type (tutorial group)

Development Guides from the SAP documentation (Entry Point)

  1. Downloading the ABAP Flight Reference Scenario
  2. Developing an OData service for simple list reporting
  3. Developing read-only list reporting Apps
  4. Developing new unmanaged transactional apps based on existing application logic (unmanaged impl. type)
  5. Developing new managed transactional apps (managed impl. type)
  6. Developing a Web API
  7. Developing a UI service with access to a remote service

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Tutorials for SAP S/4HANA 1909 and later

Get hands-on experience with the ABAP RESTful Programming Model in SAP S/4HANA.

The current on-premise feature scope covers only the brownfield development with the unmanaged implementation type. New capabilities will be provided with future SAP S/4HANA editions.*

The majority of the following How-To-tutorials are based on the ABAP Flight Reference Scenario described in the previous section. Therefore, it must have been previously imported into your ABAP system.

Tutorials from the SAP Developer Center (Entry Point)

  1. Building a transactional Fiori app using the unmanaged implementation type (tutorial group)

Development Guides from the SAP documentation (Entry Point)

  1. Downloading the ABAP Flight Reference Scenario
  2. Developing an OData service for simple list reporting
  3. Developing a read-only list reporting apps
  4. Developing new unmanaged transactional apps based on existing application logic (unmanaged impl. type)
  5. Developing a Web API

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Related Resources

This section provides useful links to related resources and learning materials to deepen your knowledge.

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* This is the current state of planning which may change at any time without further notice from SAP. Find more information in the ABAP Platform Road Map

12 Comments
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  • Nice collection,all in one place. Thanks for your efforts.

    Do you know where we can find the list of whitelisted objects for ABAP PaaS (availability), the list must be growing.

  • Thanks Carine !!!

    Carine Tchoutouo Djomo – Couple of questions on this model and strategy that SAP is moving towards:

    1. Is this applicable to only SCP – ABAP Runtime Instance where you can locally query the tables in SCP and provide them as a service for consumption?
    2. How does this Programming model impact the S4 on-prem systems? In What scenarios we would use this on-prem?
    3. In On-Prem / Could we can define CDS View and then expose them as oData through annotations and this can be consumed in WebIDE for Fiori apps? I do not fully understand the difference between these 2 approaches. What’s the additional benefit with this approach from the traditional way? Can you shed some light?
    • Hi Raj,

      you‘re welcome.

      Let me go through your questions.

      1. The ABAP RESTful Programming Model (refered as RAP below) enables the efficient development of SAP HANA-optimized, OData-based Fiori UI services and Web API in the SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment and in SAP S/4HANA.
      2. RAP is the evolutionary development of the ABAP Programming Model for SAP Fiori. Read more my blog about the Evolution of the ABAP Programming Model.
        SAP opted for a cloud-first shipment approach of RAP, but it is also available on-premise starting with SAP S/4HANA 1909.
        Currently only the unmanaged implementation type for brownfield application development based on legacy business logic is supported in SAP S/4HANA. The feature scope will be enhanced with the next major SAP S/4HANA release in 2020. It will comprise the managed implementation type for greenfield application development.
        The RAP feature scope is enhanced on a quartely basis in the SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment.
      3. Here are two major changes in comparison to the ABAP Programming Model for SAP Fiori:
        With RAP, a new ABAP artefact, the Service Definition (R3TR SRVD), has been introduced to enable a protocol-agnostic service scope definition. A service definition is highly reusable. Its binding to a given protocol and a given scenario – i.e. UI service or Web API – is done with a Service Definition (R3TR SVRB); a new ABAP artefact.
        Beside that, the ABAP language has been enhanced in order to support natively the implementation of transactional BO behavior (create, update, delete,). It means that no additional framework is required for that. In the ABAP Programming Model for SAP Fiori, the CDS-based Business Object Processing Framework (BOPF) was neede for the transactional BO handling.

      I hope this information will be helpful to you.

      Kind regards,
      Carine

  • Dear Carine,

    do you have any news, if the managed scenario will be shipped with a Feature Package for S/4 1909?

    Or is it planned to be delivered in S/4 20xx edition?

    Thanks,

    Stephan

    • Hi Stephan,

      The current plan* is to enhance the RAP feature scope in the SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment on a quarterly basis and in SAP S/4HANA on a yearly basis.

      The managed implementation type for greenfield application development is currently planned* to be delivered on-premise with the next major SAP S/4HANA release in 2020.

      * This is the current state of planning which may change at any time without further notice from SAP. Find more information in the ABAP Platform Roadmap – which will be updated very soon.

      Kind regards,
      Carine