A Decade of Growth
In this blog series you will find quotes, backgrounds, suggested further readings and other information related to my latest book SAP HANA 2.0, An Introduction published by SAP Press.
In the blog about the Technology Overview chapter of the book we already included a bit of HANA history but with the 10-year anniversary coming up we thought it would be nice to add some more insights and references. Obviously, a lot can happen in ten years and in fact, a lot did. So, although we cover some of the highlights, we do not address them all. You would need a whole book! More on this below.
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source: SAP HANA – A Decade of Growth
Hasso’s New Architecture
SAP’s founder Hasso Plattner inspired me to do an experiment we dubbed Hana, for Hasso’s new architecture (and also a beautiful place in Hawaii), our teams working together with the Hasso-Plattner-Institut and Stanford demonstrated how an entirely new application architecture is possible, one that enables real-time complex analytics and aggregation, up to date with every transaction, in a way never thought possible in financial applications. – Timeless Software by Vishal Sikka (2008).
Vishal Sikka was employed by SAP from 2002 until 2014 and was its very first CTO. Dr. Sikka recalled in a later blog post that the HANA development project started in the fall of 2009 but research on in-memory database had started years earlier. Research was done at the Hasso Plattner Institute (HPI) founded by Hasso Plattner in 1998. He also gives his name to the Stanford School of Design Thinking and both institutes work together closely. Dr. Plattner was actively involved at the time with the in-memory database project as attested by the SIGMOD paper: A Common Database Approach for OLTP and OLAP Using an In-Memory Column Database (Hasso Plattner, 2009).
Listen to a HANA history lesson: An Introduction to SAP HANA by Dr. Vishal Sikka (openSAP, 2014).
Sikka mentions some of the building blocks:
- In-memory row store database called P*TIME – In 2005, SAP acquired the Korean company Transact in Memory from a startup Dr. Sang Kyun Cha had founded at Seoul National University (SAP Labs Korea: A Cornerstone of SAP HANA – SAP News, 2018).
- Text Retrieval & Information Extraction (TREX) – TREX would first find its way into SAP Business Intelligence/Warehouse Appliance (BIA/BWA) before the technology was used in HANA. Of course, many people were involved with these products but if we have to name one it would be Franz Faeber (see an impressive list of his publications), who after HANA would also be responsible for Big Data development.
High-Performance Analytic Appliance
We built HANA in record time, and released it to customers on Dec 1, 2010. She went GA on June 20, 2011 – SAP, Software, and Amplifying Human Potential: Some Thoughts on the eve of TechEd by Vishal Sikka, 2013.
In the early days, we find different names used in the code, release notes, and marketing collateral: IMCE for in-memory compute engine (also IMDB), HDB for hybrid database (row, column, and object store), NewDB, and, of course, High Performance Analytic Appliance. The appliance concept was not new at SAP. BIA/BWA, first released in 2005, was also available only as appliance; initial name HPA (High Performance Analytics) – Comparing the BI Accelerator (f.k.a. HPA) to Traditional RDBMS Technology. The appliance delivered software components optimized on hardware provided by SAP hardware partners. This provided a very stable environment for rapid innovation, a precursor of the container.
In the first two years SAP HANA quickly evolved from an in-memory appliance into a platform. SAP HANA Extended Application Services (XS) web-enabled HANA by adding an application server, a repository, a development environment, SQLScript, an SAPUI5 SDK, and other tools to facilitate native app development. A paradigm shift, nothing less, was announced and soon we would hear about code-to-data and code pushdown with CDS (core data services).
Real-Time Data Platform
SAP HANA was part of the real-time data platform (RTDP). We wrote about this in a previous post when we told the SAP Big Data story (2010-2020)
RTDP included Smart Data Access (SDA) for data virtualization, a key feature also for the recently released SAP HANA Cloud with its data lake. Other “smart” technologies would follow, some coming from Sybase, like ESP-based Smart Data Streaming (later Streaming Analytics) for Internet-of-things connectivity, IQ-based Dynamic Tiering for data tiering, and SQL Anywhere-based remote data sync. We can also mention smart data integration (SDI) and smart data quality (SDQ).
To develop applications using all these technologies, connecting the enterprise with Big Data and IoT, SAP reached out to its partners and the developer community at large with the SAP Startup Focus Program in 2012 (now retired and part of SAP PartnerEdge), a startup forum (SAP Holding Startup Forums To Develop Ecosystem For HANA — The Company’s First Ever Platform Play), a bus tour (SAP Big Data Bus Part Of Overall Effort To Build Developer Community), and SAP HANA Idea Incubator program now Idea Place.
SAP HANA Academy
As part of the startup focus, the SAP HANA Academy was launched 2012, providing free YouTube-based training for developers. The inspiration was the Khan Academy sharing the same mission: to provide a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. The HANA Academy reached 100,000 views its first year and now counts 60K+ subscribers with close to 10 million views (all channels combined).
Powered by SAP HANA
Almost instantly after SAP HANA was launched the first business applications became available to take advantage of in-memory processing, like Advanced Planning & Optimization (SAP APO). For the big fish a bit more patience was needed but SAP Business Warehouse came first in 2012, followed one year later by the Business Suite.
In the next round, applications would no longer be just powered by SAP HANA but developed specifically for the platform (and run on nothing else). This time the BW/BS order was reversed.
- SAP Unveils the Next Generation of Enterprise Software with a New Business Suite, SAP S/4HANA (SAP News, 2015)
- SAP Modernizes Data Warehousing with the Launch of SAP BW/4HANA (SAP News, 2016)
For the cloud SaaS solutions acquired in the early 2010s, it would take a little longer but now all SAP software runs on SAP HANA.
- SAP Moves to SAP HANA by Abdul Razack, Gerrit Kazmaier (SAP News, 2019)
- SAP Moves to SAP HANA® – Stories of SAP’s Journey to the Intelligent Enterprise (paper)
Tailored Data Center Integration (TDI)
As an appliance, SAP HANA came in different T-shirt sizes (XS, S, M, L, XL) but prêt-a-porter does not suite everyone. For more custom requirements, SAP introduced the HANA Tailored Data Center Integration (TDI) program: DIY HANA on certified hardware managed by certified engineers. A new certification was introduced with video tutorials and blogs to help with the preparation: SAP Certified Technology Specialist: SAP HANA Installation – by the SAP HANA Academy.
SAP HANA Timeline (2013)
Innovate, Accelerate, and Simplify
In 2014 and with the 5-year anniversary release SPS 10 (June 2015), the scope was expanded and the releases themed as the Platform for All Applications. For each release, SAP HANA product management now organised Live Expert Sessions (LES) as with What’s New in SAP HANA SPS 08. In addition, more in depth courses were offered by openSAP (twin-sister of openHPI) often presented by HANA product management.
The SAP HANA Academy also started to publish What’s New video hands-on tutorials so you could see the innovation in action and try it out yourself. You find a complete list in the What’s New blog posts from the HANA Academy: What’s New in SAP HANA – by the SAP HANA Academy.
Cloud-enabled with Containers
In 2014, cloud-enabled is stressed for the first time and SPS 09 introduced multi-tenant database container (MDC) systems, later named tenant databases. Not to be confused with the containers used in the HANA Deployment Infrastructure (HDI) or the containers used by Dockers and Kubernetes for HANA Cloud. Same concept, different technologies.
SAP HANA XS Advanced
For application development specific (native) to the SAP HANA platform, a new application server environment was added to the platform in 2015 (SPS 11), called XS Advanced (XSA).
Illustration from SAP HANA SPS 11: New Developer Features; XS Advanced by Thomas Jung (2015)
Illustration from Is SAP Cloud Platform a real Cloud Foundry Platform? by Ivan Femia
SAP HANA, express edition
Much anticipated and highly welcomed by the developer community was the SAP HANA, express edition, “a streamlined, downloadable version of its in-memory platform optimized for fast and continuous development of data-driven applications“.
- SAP Announces SAP HANA, Express Edition, for Rapid Application Development on a Personal Computer or in the Cloud (SAP News, 2016)
- Try SAP HANA – SAP Developer Center
You Spoke, We Listened
The rapid innovation cycle with a new SPS release each six months provided a challenge for many to keep up. After SPS 12 there would be no 13 but a mayor new branch instead: SAP HANA 2. Bi-modal IT was to buzzword at the time and for SAP HANA there was now a HANA (mode) 1 for operational systems and a HANA (mode) 2 for innovation: You Spoke, We Listened: Updates to SAP HANA Release and Maintenance.
As announced last month (April 2020), with SAP HANA Cloud and HANA 2.0 SPS 05, a similar approach was taken: Planned Release of SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05 and Impact on Maintenance for SAP HANA by Bare Said
Release Timeline SAP HANA platform edition
SAP HANA 2.0 – The Next Generation Platform
SAP HANA 2.0 SPS 00 was released in November at TechEd 2016. This was, as before, 6 months after the previous SPS. Technically, in other words, this was a minor update just like all the SPS releases before. Marketing-wise, however, it was a major release announced as the next-generation platform for digital transformation.
- SAP to Unveil SAP HANA 2 (SAP News, 2016)
- Introducing the Extraordinary SAP HANA 2 (SAP News, 2016)
- SAP Announces SAP HANA 2 – Next Generation Platform for Digital Transformation
We already covered this topic in two previous blogs, so if you want to read more, visit
In brief, distinct technological characteristics like the SAP HANA XS Advanced (XSA), tenant databases (MDC), development IDEs (Eclipse versus web) are all common to both versions. The difference is found in everything that was added to the platform since, like persistent memory, active/active read-enable replication, data anonymization and data masking, SAP HANA cockpit, native storage extensions, etc.
SPS 01 and 02 were released just a couple of months apart in the spring of 2017. Since, the SPS releases for the on-premise platform edition have an annual release cycle with 2 years support. Did innovation slow down? No, innovation turned cloud-first.
A Strong Foundation for Continued Innovation
The latest release SAP HANA platform edition release is SPS 05 from June 2020. It was tagged as a Strong Foundation for Continued Innovation.
For more information about this release including hands-on tutorials, see
SAP HANA merged operational and analytical processing, OLTP and OLAP, to create HTAP (Hybrid transactional/analytical processing). The in-memory platform also includes engines to process spatial, predictive, streaming, graph, and other types of data.
SAP HANA in the Cloud
SAP HANA (as a) Service
After the SPS 03 release of April 2018, innovations for the SAP HANA platform were released cloud-first for the SAP HANA Cloud Edition, one of three environments for the SAP HANA Platform, SAP HANA Service. The cloud story of SAP HANA started with SAP HANA One in 2012 on Amazon Web Services and as DBServices on the SAP (HANA) Cloud Platform. For the full story, visit
SAP HANA Cloud
Technically, the SAP HANA Service was still lift-and-shift: running on-premise software on a virtual machine in the cloud. It also continued the SAP HANA 2.0 branch. With SAP HANA Cloud a new direction was taken: SAP HANA is now container-based and cloud-native. For the full story, visit
Release Timeline – SAP HANA platform and cloud edition
SAP HANA Cloud was first at SAP TechEd 2019 and released last month (March 2020).
SAP HANA Cloud addresses the challenges caused by an ever expanding the global data sphere.
For more information about SAP HANA Cloud, see Data & Analytics Solutions in the Cloud
To get started, visit
SAP HANA Cloud together with SAP Analytics Cloud, SAP Data Warehouse Cloud, and SAP Data Intelligence Cloud as analytics, database and data management solutions for the Business Technology Platform.
SAP HANA and the Business Technology Platform
The Intelligent Enterprise
We started this blog with a bit of early history about SAP HANA with the research performed at several universities. One of the HPI students at the time was a young Juergen Mueller who recently reminisced:
While I was working on my PhD on new applications optimized for in-memory databases at the Hasso Plattner Institute (HPI), I had the opportunity to present one of the first SAP HANA demos, a dunning app, developed at the HPI for SAPPHIRE in 2010. – The SAP HANA Revolution by Juergen Mueller (SAP News, March 2020).
Mueller joined the SAP board as CIO in 2018, now CTO, and presented the business technology platform for the intelligent enterprise last year at SAP TechEd.
- Go for the Intelligent Enterprise (early post on the topic on the SAP Community, 2016)
- A Business Technology Platform for Data-Driven Innovation (SAP News, 2019)
- Putting Business at the Heart of Tech (2019)
- SAP’s Business Technology Platform Video Series – How it all Comes Together (2020)
Database and Data Management
After being on the centre stage for many years, HANA now plays a more modest role as one of building blocks under Database & Data Management for the Business Technology Platform.
SAP HANA 2.0 – An Introduction
Just getting started with SAP HANA? Or do have a migration to SAP HANA 2.0 coming up? Need a quick update covering business benefits and technology overview. Understand the role of the system administrator, developer, data integrator, security officer, data scientist, data modeler, project manager, and other SAP HANA stakeholders? My latest book about SAP HANA 2.0 covers everything you need to know.
Get it from SAP Press or Amazon:
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