Transport Management in S/4HANA Cloud
For SAP ERP customers, transport management is the “control” that they have to decide when and what functionality in SAP system they’d like to introduce to their business users. With the introduction of 3-system landscape, S/4HANA public cloud customer can also have more flexibility when moving configuration settings and developments to their productive system.
To help our S/4HANA public cloud customer to get used to the these new features and take advantage of the flexibility that these features bring, SAP Activate has the following tasks on transports to help with our customer’s journey.
In the beginning of Realize phase, upon receiving notification of provisioned Development system, customer needs to use SAP Central Business Configuration to setup the Customizing and Development tenant in their Development System. This initial transport created from SAP Central Business Configuration includes the reference configuration setting of selected scope for the selected country/region, mandatory organization structure that needs to be maintained per the result of fit-to-standard workshop for the selected scope items, and critical financial settings like fiscal year variant and group currency. It is important to note that this transport should be the first transport to be deployed from Customizing Tenant of S/4HANA Development System to Test and Production System upon receiving of the respective provisioned systems before any activities or transactions in these systems, including user creations.
Subsequently, configuration activities can be carried out via SAP Central Business Configuration. Although accessed from SAP Central Business Configuration, settings maintained are stored in Customizing Tenant of S/4HANA Development System, which can then be moved across system landscapes after successful testing. Development of key user extension and creation of custom business roles starts in the Customizing Tenant of Development System; while the developer extension starts in Development Tenant of Development System. It is common to have incremental addition of scope item or country/region after the initial activation.
The diagram below shows a sample sequence of transport cycles of an implementation project. It is important to note that not all configuration activities accessed from SAP Central Business Configuration are transportable. There are settings and data used in configuration settings need to be replicated or created manually in each respective S/4HANA system. Very often, in order to enable business process, there are more than one type of transports are needed. It is the best to group them into sprint of 1 to 2 weeks and move related transport requests together to avoid errors caused by dependency issues.
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Great blog Ying Huang and will help a lot of our upcoming customers and partners on transport management with the new 3 system landscape for S/4HANA Cloud.