Skip to Content
Technical Articles
Author's profile photo Pantelis Takos

Custom Purchase Order workflow step in SAP S/4HANA Cloud

Introduction

In this blog post, we will review how to add an additional custom workflow step in purchase orders. This step will resemble an audit-like procedure, meaning it will be triggered every N number of orders. To achieve that, we will be using the following 3 Business Add-Ins (BAdIs):

  1. Providing additional conditions for scenarios – SWF_WORKFLOW_CONDITION_DEF
  2. Value evaluation of additional conditions for scenarios – SWF_WORKFLOW_CONDITION_EVAL
  3. Determination of Workflow Agents for Purchasing Documents – MMPUR_WORKFLOW_AGENTS_V2

 

Providing additional conditions for scenarios

 

Using the Custom Logic app, create a new Enhancement Implementation selecting the following attributes:

  • Business Context: Procurement: Start and Pre-Conditions in Flexible Workflow
  • BAdI Description: Providing additional conditions for scenarios
  • Implementation description: <provide a description for your BAdI> (e.g. WFLW_COND_1)

In the new screen, select the Filter tab and add filter condition, scenario_id = WS00800238.

Figure%201

Figure 1 – SWF_WORKFLOW_CONDITION_DEF filter condition

 

Then, replace the draft logic with the following code.

* condition id - value to be changed
    CONSTANTS: audit_N TYPE if_swf_flex_ifs_condition_def=>ty_condition_id VALUE 'CL_SWF_FLEX_IFS_BADI_COND_SAMP' ##NO_TEXT.

    ct_condition = VALUE #(
      ( id = audit_N subject = 'Z_Audit every N orders'(001) type = if_swf_flex_ifs_condition_def=>cs_condtype-start_step )
      ).

 

Save Draft and Publish.

 

Evaluation of additional conditions

 

After that, create another Enhancement Implementation selecting the following attributes:

  • Business Context: Procurement: Start and Pre-Conditions in Flexible Workflow
  • BAdI Description: Value evaluation of additional conditions for scenarios
  • Implementation description: <provide a description for your BAdI> (e.g. WFLW_EVAL_1)

Similarly to the previous BAdI, select the Filter tab and add filter condition, scenario_id = WS00800238.

Figure%201%20-%20BAdI%20filter%20condition

Figure 2 – SWF_WORKFLOW_CONDITION_EVAL filter condition

 

Then, replace the draft logic with the following code.

  Data lv_integer type int8.

* condition id - value to be changed
    CONSTANTS N_order_audit TYPE if_swf_flex_ifs_condition_def=>ty_condition_id VALUE 'CL_SWF_FLEX_IFS_BADI_COND_SAMP' ##NO_TEXT.

  cv_is_true = abap_false.

  IF is_condition-condition_id <> N_order_audit.
    RAISE EXCEPTION TYPE cx_ble_runtime_error.
  ENDIF.

  IF is_sap_object_node_type-sont_key_part_1 is not initial.
      TRY.
      lv_integer = is_sap_object_node_type-sont_key_part_1.
      CATCH cx_root INTO DATA(lx_exc) ##CATCH_ALL.
      RAISE EXCEPTION TYPE cx_ble_runtime_error
      EXPORTING
          previous = lx_exc.
      ENDTRY.
      If lv_integer MOD N eq 0.
        cv_is_true = abap_true.
      ELSE.
       cv_is_true = abap_false.
      ENDIF.
  ELSE.
   cv_is_true = abap_false.
  ENDIF.

 

In row 20 (If lv_integer MOD N eq 0) you need to replace N with the frequency number that you would like to have an additional approval step (e.g. 3, 20, 150). Save Draft and Publish.

 

Define the recipient of the additional workflow step

 

Next, create the last Enhancement Implementation selecting the following attributes:

  • Business Context: Procurement: Flexible Workflow
  • BAdI Description: Determination of Workflow Agents for Purchasing Documents
  • Implementation description: <provide a description for your BAdI> (e.g. WFLW_AGENTS_1)

In the new screen, select the Filter tab and add filter condition, scenario_id = PurchaseOrder (similar to Figure 1 above). Then, replace the draft logic with the following code.

    "Code below demonstrates the following: How to use parameter previous approver list,
    "                                       How to use whitelisted CDS view I_PurchaseRequisitionApi01 and I_PurchaseRequisitionItemApi01,
    "                                       How to differentiate between Procurement Hub and Local scenario using above CDS view.
    "                                       How to use step info to determine step level approver
    DATA:
      ls_badi_approver     TYPE if_mmpur_workflow_agents_v2=>bd_mmpur_s_badi_approver,
      lt_badi_approver     TYPE if_mmpur_workflow_agents_v2=>bd_mmpur_t_badi_approver,
      ls_previous_approver TYPE if_mmpur_workflow_agents_v2=>bd_mmpur_s_previous_approver,
      ls_new_approver      TYPE if_mmpur_workflow_agents_v2=>bd_mmpur_s_badi_approver.

    DATA: lv_level TYPE i.

        lv_level = lines( previousapproverlist ).

        If lv_level eq 1.
            ls_badi_approver-businessuser = 'CB9980000000'.
            ls_badi_approver-approvallevel = 2.
            APPEND ls_badi_approver TO lt_badi_approver.
        elseif lv_level eq 0.
            ls_badi_approver-businessuser = 'CB9980000000'.
            ls_badi_approver-approvallevel = 1.
            APPEND ls_badi_approver TO lt_badi_approver.
        endif.


**  remove the previous approvers from the list of BAdI approvers.
      LOOP AT previousapproverlist INTO ls_previous_approver.
        READ TABLE lt_badi_approver INTO ls_badi_approver
            WITH KEY businessuser = ls_previous_approver-businessuser.
        CHECK sy-subrc = 0.
        DELETE lt_badi_approver WHERE approvallevel = ls_badi_approver-approvallevel.
      ENDLOOP.

**  determine the next approval level and appropriate approvers
      READ TABLE lt_badi_approver INTO ls_badi_approver INDEX 1.
      LOOP AT lt_badi_approver INTO ls_new_approver
              WHERE approvallevel = ls_badi_approver-approvallevel.
        APPEND ls_new_approver-businessuser TO approverlist.
      ENDLOOP.

 

In rows 16 and 20 (ls_badi_approver-businessuser = ‘CB9980000000’) replace CB9980000000 with the SAP S/4HANA Cloud user ID of the recipient user who will be responsible for the additional approval step (e.g. CB9980000015). Save Draft and Publish.

 

Create the workflow

 

Finally, we will create a simple workflow, where the Purchase Order is automatically approved if the total amount of the order is less than $50 or sent to specific users for approval if the amount is $50 or more. In either case, the Purchase Order will be subject to the audit step (custom workflow).

Open the the Manage Workflows for Purchase Orders app. Select Create and provide a name for your workflow (e.g. PO Workflow with audit). In the Steps section, enter the following steps:

  1. Auto release step
    1. Step Type: Automatic Release of Purchase Order
    2. Step Conditions: Total net amount of purchase order is less than or equal to
    3. Amount: 49.99
    4. Currency: USD
  2. Approval step
    1. Step Type: Release of Purchase Order
    2. Recipients:
      1. Assignment By: User
      2. User: (e.g. CB9980000005, CB9980000009)
      3. Step to be completed by: One of the recipients
    3. Step Conditions: Total net amount of purchase order is greater than
      1. Amount: 49.99
      2. Currency: USD
  3. Audit step
    1. Step name: Z_Audit
    2. Step Type: Release of Purchase Order
    3. Recipients:
      1. Assignment By: Role
      2. Role: Agent Determination by BAdI
      3. Step to be completed by: One of the recipients
    4. Step Conditions: <select the precondition defined in the first BAdI> (e.g. Z_Audit every N orders)

Save and Activate the Workflow.

 

Conclusion

 

Based on the above implementation, below you will find the different approval stages for a Purchase Order:

Figure%203%20-%20Approval%20details%20of%20auto-released%20Purchase%20Order%20not%20meeting%20custom%20precondition

Figure 3 – Approval details of auto-released Purchase Order not meeting custom precondition

Figure%204%20-%20Approval%20details%20of%20auto-released%20Purchase%20Order%20meeting%20custom%20precondition

Figure 4 – Approval details of auto-released Purchase Order meeting custom precondition

Figure%205%20-%20Approval%20details%20of%20released%20for%20approval%20Purchase%20Order%20not%20meeting%20custom%20precondition

Figure 5 – Approval details of released for approval Purchase Order not meeting custom precondition

Figure%206%20-%20Approval%20details%20of%20released%20for%20approval%20Purchase%20Order%20meeting%20custom%20precondition

Figure 6 – Approval details of released for approval Purchase Order meeting custom precondition

 

More information regarding the configuration of SAP S/4HANA Cloud Purchase Order workflows can be found in the SAP Help Portal.

Assigned Tags

      2 Comments
      You must be Logged on to comment or reply to a post.
      Author's profile photo ganesh yamparala
      ganesh yamparala

      Thanks for the good explanation. Could you please explain the what are the different types of contracts in S4 HANA.

      Author's profile photo Pantelis Takos
      Pantelis Takos
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks Ganesh!

      Regarding your question, are you referring to the different type of software licenses of S/4HANA?

      Kind regards,

      Pantelis