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Author's profile photo VENKATESH GOLLA

SAP S/4HANA implementation – GreenField VS BrownField Vs Hybrid


Greenfield, brownfield, hybrid: pick your path to SAP S/4HANA

When it comes to SAP S/4HANA implementations and migrations, plenty of terminologies is flying around. Different terms that mean the same thing, similar but unrelated words, and overlapping definitions …

All of these make understanding the language of SAP projects tougher than it needs to be.

The terms ‘greenfield’ and ‘brownfield’ aren’t just used in IT. “These words are pretty common, especially when it comes to investments – most people are already familiar with them

Greenfield: start out with a clean digital slate

“In the case of SAP S/4HANA implementations, you’d be right in guessing that a ‘greenfield’ implementation means starting from scratch with a completely new system without taking anything from the past with you”. “It’s a greenfield, untouched by previous developments.”

The pros

  • Without a doubt, a greenfield implementation is the easiest way to get started with SAP S/4HANA. “In some companies, the legacy systems have been set up in such a way that they are hard to manage, with lots of custom coding, ad hoc solutions, and different configurations. With greenfield, you can just sweep aside this unsortable, non-upgradable mess and start all over again
  • There’s also a business reason why a greenfield approach is often favored. “Businesses are never static – chances are that your business organization has changed over time and you used to rely on processes that aren’t valid anymore. Maybe you’ve shifted from providing goods to offering services, or your geographical footprint has been restructured. In the case of a company with multiple sites, a greenfield implementation can be approached in a phased way. However, you’ll need temporary solutions for intercompany movements and possibly parallel systems  running at the same time.”

The cons

  • The initial cost of a greenfield SAP S/4HANA implementation will be higher than other approaches. “This makes sense because you have to redesign the processes that were working well with the old system. Take invoicing, for example, you have to recreate your perfectly nice invoice layouts from the beginning.”
  • Your company will also “lose” its historical data. “It takes some thinking ahead to maintain access to this data and to ensure legal compliance. “But that generally isn’t a big deal or a major detractor.”

Brownfield: keep the same structure, improve performance

In contrast, a brownfield implementation of SAP S/4HANA always begins with the existing system – it’s just that some important elements are changed.

“Think of a car”  “It’s a little far-fetched, but imagine needing a full engine replacement. You still have the same car with the same history and the same mileage, the same look and feel, etc. Nothing changes for the driver other than performance improvements. Of course, you can take it a step further and add a completely new dash that displays more information in a better, more intuitive way.”

This analogy corresponds to a brownfield migration of SAP S/4HANA that includes SAP’s innovative new interface, SAP Fiori. “Users can use the same GUI interfaces they’ve relied on for years or choose to embrace Fiori, which introduces a lot of benefits and added value.

The pros
A brownfield migration is less costly since the things that work well for your company don’t have to be rebuilt from scratch. Some customers choose small technical refinements of existing functionality and apps, but the migration is a lot lighter. You also get to take your master data with you without having to extract and load it into an entirely new system – it all happens automatically during the migration.

The cons
The main issue with a brownfield migration is that it has to be done all at once, known colloquially as a “big bang”. “If your company has a limited tolerance for downtime, a brownfield can be difficult. And while the migrated system includes the full scope of SAP S/4HANA advantages, you can’t drastically overhaul the way you have set up your system. The modern way of implementing keeps the core ‘clean’ – developments are executed on a specific platform and not in the core. It’s important to note that applying this approach to a migration requires quite a bit of rework, but it could be done in a second phase.”

Hybrid: make much-needed changes but keep your data

A hybrid approach combines elements of greenfield and brownfield SAP S/4HANA implementations for specific reasons.

We make a perfect copy of a customer’s existing system and remove their data from it, keeping the configurations and custom development efforts, and migrate it to SAP S/4HANA,”. “The migration itself is easier since it allows you to make changes to your configurations. But you always have to load the data again – that’s a big disadvantage.”

If a company really needs to make core changes to its environment, a hybrid approach is suitable. This is because they get to reuse a lot of things you’ve built, and you avoid the longer downtime inherent to a brownfield migration. Since the new system is running in parallel with the old one, there’s a cutover time of a couple hours rather than a few days.


No one-size-fits-all when it comes to SAP S/4HANA implementations

A company’s industry, organization, and history, as well as the structure of its IT environment, are major factors influencing its ideal path to SAP S/4HANA.

“For example, moving from an ECC system to a greenfield S/4HANA system will not be drastically different for users. This may be a different story if you’re moving from a legacy system like AS400 to SAP. Even so, there are still ways to preserve familiar ways of working.“

It’s mature, it’s proven, it’s high-performing: SAP S/4HANA is ready for your company


I hope my learning and analysis would help you to understand the project planning and costing and which field you chose for implementation.

In the next blog posts, we can discuss more processing.

That’s all about this blog post.

Thanks for reading, please provide your feedback. ?

Happy Learning, see you in my next blog 🙂



Venkatesh Golla

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      Author's profile photo mauricio alonso jaramillo alvarez
      mauricio alonso jaramillo alvarez

      Thanks Venkatesh, excellent explanation!

      Author's profile photo Santasree Bhattacharya
      Santasree Bhattacharya

      Hi Venkatesh,


      I suppose the hybrid part can also be referred to as blue-field implementation