Cloud Integration, SAP HCI, SAP CPI Interview Questions.
Hey CPI Enthusiasts,
Based on my experience, here are a couple of questions from my memory lane, which all the interviewers ask, and if you are applying for a CPI Role, then make sure, you know these concepts, have tried and tested them before you apply for the job.
This is not a cheat code, but a guide for you to prepare, and update your knowledge on the mentioned areas. So, here we go.
- Why use CPI?
- On what framework is CPI based?
- How to connect Cloud Platform Integration and On-premise system?
- What are the different connectors available to connect Cloud Platform Integration and On-premise system?
- What are the steps to configure Cloud Connector?
- What necessary configuration is required for onboarding Cloud Platform Cockpit or BTP Cockpit?
- What are the necessary platform roles that have to be provided to a member in the Cloud Platform Cockpit or BTP Cockpit so that the member or user can work as a developer in Cloud Integration?
- What is the difference between Neo and Cloud Foundry?
- How to do error analysis?
- What if a message transmission is not replicable, and hence, no trace mode, then, how will you do error analysis?
- What is the difference between Content Modifier and Content Enricher?
- What is the difference between Content Enricher and Request-Reply?
- What is the difference between Header and Property in Content Modifier?
- What is the difference between Aggregator and Gather?
- What is the difference between Gather and Join?
- What are the different types of Splitter types?
- What is the difference between General and Iterating Splitter?
- What are the different types of Aggregation Strategies available?
- How to handle exceptions in an IFlow?
- What is the difference between Value Mapping and Fixed Value Mapping?
- Why Value Mapping was provided by SAP when Fixed Value Mapping does the same job?
- What are the different Node Functions available?
- What is the difference between removeContext, and collapseContext?
- How does splitByValue work?
- How will Gather know that the last split message has reached?
- What are the different Processing Statuses available?
- What are some of the features of Apache Camel?
- What are the different management nodes available in Cloud Integration aka CPI?
- In which node are the IFlows deployed?
- Where are the certificates installed in Cloud Integration?
- What are some of the new features provided by SAP in the new release?
- What are the different adapters you have worked on?
- What does the Process Direct adapter do?
- Does CPI support Multi-tenant-architecture? If yes, then how does it work?
- What are the different ways in which an Integration Flow can be migrated from one tenant to another?
- What are the different scriptings possible in Cloud Integration?
- What are the different types of Mapping possible in Cloud Integration?
- What message formats can Cloud Integration read?
- Does Message Mapping support JSON format? If not, how to handle an incoming JSON format in the Message Mapping step?
- When does a message go to “Discarded status”?
- When does a message go to “Processing status”?
- What are the steps to configure an IDOC for Outbound Communication?
- Is the “Cloud Connector Admin” role mandatory for onboarding Cloud Integration?
- If you have more than 2 tenants in the BTP Cockpit, are the member to be added to both the tenants separately?
- Which role must be assigned to the user in the BTP Cockpit who wants to perform Basic Authentication for the HTTPS Inbound scenario for SAP Cloud Integration?
- State some of the Authorization Groups available in the BTP Cockpit.
I will keep updating this blog as and when I recall the questions. Feel free to add your interview questions in the comment section, so that I incorporate them in the blog.
Till then, Have a Happy Interview!
There are some good questions that you need to understand their knowledge on the product.
One thing that may be difficult to judge is their ability to design integration and if they have understood the concept and how to use it.
One question what is the official name of CPI.
The term CPI is dissolved and now SAP made Cloud platform as BTP - Business Technology platform.
Correct me Daniel
I noticed that I am a good Cloud Integration Specialist then - even though some questions caught me off-guard. On the other hand I am in customer advisory - not doing implementations. We have awesome consultants and partners for that.
One thing I would like to add though: sometimes I feel like Integration Specialists are so deep-down into the projects, that they are missing new features that get added every month. There are many ways to get to Rome, so I would also recommend to check if the Integration Specialist is (at least a little) up-to-date with the SAP Business technology Platform Integration Suite. And we have a monthly webinar for that, so there is no excuse 😉
Hi Sookriti Mishra,
i am Haribabu , i didn't find answers for few questions, if you explain few then it would be good
Sure, please let me know which ones?
Hi Sookriti , Questions 7,10,34,45 are the ones.
SAP CPI works on Apache Camel. Its one of the Integration Frameworks. Which allow routing and Transformation of data in different formats. Its a middle ware tool which build on Java.
Hi Sookriti Mishra,
Much helpful blog. Thanks!
It would be great if you can include couple of questions in your list
What all different adapters are available and use case in brief.
Can you migrate/copy the packages to an another tenant? if yes what all possible ways?
Differentiate between SAP Cloud Integration (CPI) VS SAP Process Orchestration (PO).
I asked OpenAI tool to give me answers.
Results were Amazing:
1. Why use SAP CPI ?
A. SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) is a cloud-based integration platform that allows organizations to easily connect and integrate various systems and applications, both within the organization and with external partners. The platform can be used to automate and streamline business processes, such as order-to-cash, procure-to-pay, and other use cases.
There are several reasons why organizations use SAP CPI:
Scalability: CPI allows organizations to easily scale their integration needs as their business grows, without the need for additional hardware or infrastructure.
Flexibility: The platform supports a wide range of integration scenarios, including data integration, application integration, and process integration, and it can be easily customized to fit the specific needs of an organization.
Integration with other SAP systems: CPI can be easily integrated with other SAP systems, such as S/4HANA, ECC, and C4C, allowing organizations to take advantage of their existing investments in SAP technology.
Cloud-based: It is cloud-based, that means with the help of it, organization can easily connect their on-premise systems with cloud-based systems as well.
Cost-effective: Because it is a cloud-based platform, organizations do not need to invest in additional hardware or infrastructure, which can make it a more cost-effective solution than on-premise integration platforms.
Secure: The platform provides a high level of security, which includes the ability to encrypt sensitive data and control access to specific integration flows.
Overall, SAP CPI is an integration platform that allows organizations to easily connect, integrate, and automate their systems and applications, which can help them become more efficient and competitive.
2. On what framework is SAP CPI based?
A. SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) is based on the integration framework, which is a combination of different technologies and standards that provide the foundation for the platform's functionality.
The main components of the integration framework are:
Apache Camel: This is an open-source integration framework that provides a wide range of pre-built connectors for connecting with different systems and protocols.
Apache CXF: This is an open-source framework for building and developing web services, which is used to expose and consume web services within the integration flows.
Apache Karaf: This is an open-source OSGi-based runtime container that is used to deploy and manage integration flows within the platform.
Java: The integration flows are written in Java, which provides a wide range of libraries and tools for integration development.
OAuth2: Open Authorization framework is used to secure integration flows with the use of token-based authentication and authorization.
These components are tightly integrated with the SAP Cloud Platform, which provides additional services and capabilities such as monitoring, logging, and security. This architecture allows organizations to build and deploy their integration flows quickly and easily, while also providing a high level of scalability and flexibility.
Overall, SAP CPI is built on an open-source integration framework that allows organizations to leverage the power of Apache Camel, CXF, Karaf, and Java to connect, integrate and automate their systems and applications in a Cloud-based environment.
3. How to connect SAP Cloud Platform Integration and On-premise system?
A. There are several ways to connect SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) with on-premise systems, depending on the specific requirements and constraints of the organization. Some of the most common approaches are:
Cloud Connector: The Cloud Connector is a software component that can be installed on-premise and allows secure connections between the SAP Cloud Platform and on-premise systems. It acts as a proxy and allows you to access on-premise resources as if they were in the cloud.
VPN: Virtual Private Network (VPN) allows the secure connection between the SAP Cloud Platform and an on-premise system. This can be done by either using an existing VPN or by setting up a new VPN connection between the two systems.
Web Services: On-premise systems can expose their functionalities via web services and CPI can consume these functionalities by calling the exposed web service endpoints.
Secure File Transfer: Files can be securely transferred between the SAP Cloud Platform and on-premise systems using SFTP or other secure file transfer protocols.
SAP Cloud Platform Application Programming Interface (API) Management: API Management allows on-premise system to expose their functionalities via API endpoints and make it accessible for SAP Cloud Platform.
It's important to note that depending on the integration scenario, some of these options might be more suitable than others and security considerations should be taken into account as well.
It is always advisable to take help from SAP expert or consult with the SAP Integration expert before deciding the approach.
Overall, connecting SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) with on-premise systems is a common integration scenario, and there are multiple options available to achieve this. The best option will depend on the specific requirements and constraints of the organization.
4. What are the different connectors available to connect SAP Cloud Platform Integration and On-premise system ?
A. There are several connectors available to connect SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) with on-premise systems, including:
Cloud Connector: Cloud Connector is a software component that allows you to securely connect your on-premise systems to SAP Cloud Platform. It establishes a secure connection between your on-premise systems and the Cloud Integration tenant.
SAP Process Orchestration (PO): SAP PO (formerly known as SAP Process Integration) is an on-premise integration platform that can be used to connect on-premise systems to CPI.
SAP Cloud Platform Integration Suite: It is a set of tools and services that can be used to connect on-premise systems to CPI. This includes the SAP Cloud Platform Integration Suite for data services, the SAP Cloud Platform Integration Suite for process services, and the SAP Cloud Platform Integration Suite for messaging services.
SAP Cloud Platform Internet of Things (IoT): It is a set of services that can be used to connect on-premise systems to CPI. This includes the SAP Cloud Platform IoT Application Enablement, the SAP Cloud Platform IoT Services, and the SAP Cloud Platform IoT Device Management.
REST/SOAP web services: You can use REST or SOAP web services to connect on-premise systems to CPI, which allow for communication over HTTP or HTTPS protocols.
Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP): You can use SFTP to transfer files between on-premise systems and CPI, which allows for secure file transfer over an SSH connection.
Other connectors: Other connectors like JMS, JDBC, OData, File, IDOC, and more can be used depending on the requirement of the scenario.
It's worth noting that, the choice of connector will depend on the specific requirements of your integration scenario, the systems that need to be connected, and the security and compliance requirements of your organization.
5. What are the steps to configure Cloud Connector?
A. The Cloud Connector is a software component that can be installed on-premise and allows secure connections between the SAP Cloud Platform and on-premise systems. Here are the general steps to configure the Cloud Connector:
Download the Cloud Connector: The first step is to download the Cloud Connector from the SAP Cloud Platform Cockpit. It's recommended to have the latest version of the Cloud Connector.
Install the Cloud Connector: Once you have downloaded the Cloud Connector, you need to install it on the on-premise system. The installation process will vary depending on the operating system you are using. The installation process is straightforward, and the installation wizard will guide you through the process.
Configure the Cloud Connector: After the installation is complete, you need to configure the Cloud Connector. This includes setting the hostname, port, and other details of the on-premise system, as well as configuring the communication between the Cloud Connector and the SAP Cloud Platform.
Start the Cloud Connector: Once the configuration is complete, start the Cloud Connector. The Cloud Connector can be started either as a Windows service or a UNIX daemon, depending on the operating system.
Configure the Cloud To On-Premise Scenario: Go to the SAP Cloud Platform and configure the Cloud to On-Premise Scenario in the Cloud Cockpit. This includes setting up the communication channel between the Cloud Platform and the Cloud Connector, and defining the resources that should be made available to the Cloud Platform.
Test the connection: Once the Cloud Connector is up and running, test the connection between the Cloud Platform and the on-premise system to ensure that everything is configured correctly.
Maintain the Cloud Connector: Keep in mind that Cloud Connector need to be maintained, this includes updating the Cloud Connector and checking the logs for errors or issues.
It's important to note that the installation and configuration process can be different based on the environment, security requirement and configurations. It's always recommended to follow the guidelines provided by SAP or consult with an expert if you are facing any issues during the process.
6. What necessary configuration is required for onboarding Cloud Platform Cockpit or BTP Cockpit?
A. To onboard the SAP Cloud Platform or Business Technology Platform (BTP) Cockpit, several configurations are necessary to ensure a secure and successful connection to the SAP Cloud Platform. Here are some of the key configurations that need to be made:
Secure Connection: The first step is to configure a secure connection between the on-premise system and the SAP Cloud Platform. This can be done using a VPN, Secure Socket Layer (SSL) or other secure connection methods.
Cloud Connector: The Cloud Connector is a software component that needs to be installed on-premise, in order to establish a secure connection between the on-premise system and the SAP Cloud Platform. The Cloud Connector acts as a bridge between the on-premise system and the Cloud Platform, and it needs to be configured properly.
Subscription: It's necessary to have an active subscription of the relevant services, such as the Integration Suite or Cloud Platform Integration, in order to access the Cockpit and its features.
Authentication and Authorization: The next step is to configure the authentication and authorization for the Cockpit. This includes creating and managing users and roles, and setting up Single Sign-On (SSO) for secure access to the Cockpit.
Firewall Configuration: Configure the Firewall to allow incoming and outgoing traffic to the cloud platform. This is important for the communication between the on-premise system and the SAP Cloud Platform
Onboarding: Once all the configurations are done, onboard the on-premise system to the SAP Cloud Platform using the Cockpit. This includes defining the resources that should be made available to the Cloud Platform, and setting up the integration flows to automate the business process.
It's important to note that the specific configuration details may vary depending on the specific requirements and constraints of the organization, so it's always recommended to consult the official documentation or consult with an expert.
7. What are the necessary platform roles that have to be provided to a member in the Cloud Platform Cockpit or BTP Cockpit so that the member or user can work as a developer in Cloud Integration?
A. In order for a member or user to work as a developer in Cloud Integration using the SAP Cloud Platform (SCP) or Business Technology Platform (BTP) Cockpit, certain platform roles need to be assigned to them. These roles provide the necessary permissions and access to the features and functionality required for integration development.
Here are some of the necessary platform roles that need to be assigned to a user:
"Integration Developer" role: This role provides access to the Integration Suite, which is the core component of the SCP or BTP platform for integration development. It allows the user to create and manage integration flows, as well as access to monitoring and troubleshooting tools.
"Integration Administrator" role: This role provides access to the administration and configuration settings for the Integration Suite. This includes managing the resources and artifacts, setting up the runtime environments, and managing the Cloud Connector.
"Application Developer" role: This role provides access to the SCP or BTP platform's development environment, including the ability to create and manage applications, deploy them to the cloud, and access to other developer-related features.
"Identity and Access Management" role: This role provides access to manage the users and roles, and other access management-related features in the SCP or BTP Cockpit.
"Java Application Developer" role: This role provides access to the Java Development Kit (JDK) and Java Application Server on SCP or BTP, which are necessary for integration development
It's important to note that depending on the specific requirements and the use-case, additional roles might be needed and the rights and access might need to be fine-tuned for different level of users in the organization. It's always recommended to consult with SAP experts or refer to the official documentation for more information on platform roles and access management.
8. What is the difference between Neo and Cloud Foundry?
A. SAP Cloud Platform (SCP) offers two different environments for developing and deploying applications: Neo and Cloud Foundry. Both environments provide different benefits and are intended for different use cases.
The Neo environment is based on the SAP Cloud Platform Neo stack, which is a proprietary platform-as-a-service (PaaS) offering from SAP. The Neo environment is primarily intended for developing and deploying applications that integrate with SAP systems and technologies, such as S/4HANA, ECC, and other on-premise systems. The Neo environment is tailored to provide a seamless integration experience with those systems, it supports a wide range of integration options and a variety of programming languages such as Java, Node.js, and Python.
Cloud Foundry, on the other hand, is an open-source PaaS offering that is not tied to any specific technology or vendor. Cloud Foundry environments are widely used by different vendors and organizations. It offers a standard way to build, deploy, and run cloud-native applications across different infrastructure. The Cloud Foundry environment supports multiple programming languages and frameworks, and it provides a highly scalable and flexible platform for developing and deploying cloud-native applications.
In summary, Neo environment is focused on the integration with the SAP ecosystem, while Cloud Foundry environment is more focused on cloud-native development and can be used in a wider range of scenarios that not just SAP's ecosystem. It really depends on the specific use-case, technology stack and the requirements of the organization to choose between the two environments.
9. How to do error analysis in SAP CPI?
A. In SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI), error analysis is a crucial aspect of ensuring that integration flows are working correctly. Here are some of the steps that can be taken to analyze and troubleshoot errors in CPI:
Monitor the integration flows: The first step in error analysis is to monitor the integration flows. The CPI provides various monitoring tools such as the Integration Monitor, which displays the status of integration flows, and provides detailed information about messages that are being processed.
Check the Logs: The CPI provides detailed logs that can be used to analyze the cause of errors. The log files can be accessed via the Cloud Platform Cockpit, and they provide information such as the error message, timestamp, and stack trace. This can help to identify the cause of the error.
Investigate the payload: Another important step is to investigate the payload of the message that is causing the error. This includes checking the structure, format, and content of the message, to ensure that it is valid and conforms to the expected format.
Check the configuration: Check the configuration of the integration flows and ensure that they are configured correctly. This includes checking the credentials, endpoints, and other settings that are used by the integration flows.
Check the connectivity: Verify that the system which is being integrated is up and running, and that the connectivity between the CPI and the system is working properly.
Consult the documentation: Review the official documentation of the integration flows and related connectors to understand the error and how to troubleshoot it.
Raise a Support Request: If none of the above steps resolve the issue, raise a support request with SAP Support, to get further assistance. The SAP Support team will analyze the issue and provide suggestions and guidance on how to resolve it.
It's important to note that the above steps are not an exhaustive list and not all the steps might be needed in all the scenarios, it's always a good practice to consult the official documentation, review the available monitoring and logging tools, and, if necessary, reach out for help from experts or SAP Support.
10. What if a message transmission is not replicable, and hence, no trace mode, then, how will you do error analysis in SAP CPI ?
A. If a message transmission is not replicable and there is no trace mode available, troubleshooting and error analysis in SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI) can be more challenging. However, there are still some steps that can be taken to try and identify the cause of the error:
Check the configuration: Verify that the integration flow and the connected systems are configured correctly. This includes checking the endpoints, credentials, and other settings that are used by the integration flow.
Monitor the system: Use the monitoring tools available in CPI to check the overall health of the system. This includes checking the CPU, memory, and disk usage, as well as any error messages that might be generated by the system.
Check the connectivity: Verify that the systems being integrated are up and running and that the connectivity between them is working properly.
Consult the documentation: Review the official documentation of the integration flows, connectors and systems to understand the error and how to troubleshoot it.
Test similar scenarios: Check if similar scenarios have occurred in the past, check the logs, payloads, and system status at that time to try and identify any patterns or causes of the error.
Gather information: Gather information about the system, the flow and the payload, this will be useful when raising a support request.
Raise a Support Request: If none of the above steps resolve the issue, raise a support request with SAP Support. Provide as much information as possible about the scenario, such as the system details, the integration flow and any related configuration, the payload and when the error occurred. The SAP Support team will analyze the issue.