SAP HANA is a real-time, in-memory data management platform that addresses all data processing scenarios of any customer application.
This leads to the typical operating environment where many concurrent users running different applications produce a heterogeneous set of workloads in the SAP HANA database.
These various workloads have different resource demands to the system and compete for shared resources in the SAP HANA database. SAP HANA provides various workload management options for controlling resource consumption.
The document gives detailed information about that options based on HANA 2.0 SPS05: https://help.sap.com/hana_wlm_sps05/Introduction_WLM_SPS05.pdf