A BW Workspace is a dedicated area inside SAP BW/4HANA that is used to upload local data and combine this with central data. It exposes central EDW data in a logical way to be consumed and enhanced with local data by business users. BW Workspaces are integrated into BW4HANA, but in full control of business.
BW Workspaces are dedicated areas in a BW system where new models can be created based on central BW and local data files (i.e. flat files). The BW Workspace environment itself needs to be created, maintained, and controlled by IT. Once IT setup the BW Workspace, then the business users can subsequently use the BW Workspace to combine data from BW with data in flat files in order to react quickly to new and changing requirements.
There are some prerequisite for creating workspaces and those are: Activate the following ICF services in transaction SICF:
Create the required roles and authorizations/authorization profiles. The authorizations are assigned using authorization object S_RS_WSPAC (workspace name and activities).
The following authorization templates are delivered for the three user roles:
- BW Workspace Administrator (S_RS_TWSPA)
- BW Workspace Designer (S_RS_TWSPD)
- BW Workspace Query User (S_RS_TWSPQ)
The below are steps to create/edit workspace:
Step 1: Go to transaction RSWSP
Step 2: Enter the name of workspace and click on create.
Step 6: Submission targets: Here you can add the required target info provider in which you want to load the data from workspace to BW. For our demo we are not using any targets.
Step 7: Remaining tabs will be automatically gets filled when business user use workspace later like local providers, queries and other things will be created. Just activate workspace as below.
There are two web-based environments for business users are available which includes BW Workspace Designer and BW Workspace Query Designer.
BW Workspace Query Designer
SAP BW Workspace Designer is a SAP UI5 based tool used by business users to create and edit queries and local providers on the top of BW workspaces.
There are some prerequisite for using SAP BW Workspace Designer i.e. activate the following ICF services in transaction SICF: /sap/bc/ui5_ui5/sap/rsl_wqd and /sap/bw/modelling.
Step1: Select the workspace “ZWS_DEMO”
Step2: Create Info provider (Local provider). Say create from local data on popup screen enter name and select file which needs to be loaded and hit save button.
Step 5: Add new dimension’s name and select mapping column from available columns.
Step 7: Create local query as below and save and run it.
Step 8: Local query output: Shows added dimension material description with central provider data.
This is how we integrated new column from excel file with BW info provider’s data.
Thanks a lot for reading this blog post. Happy Learning!!!
SAP Help Portal: https://help.sap.com/doc/saphelp_nw75/7.5.5/en-US/0a/1383fb489f4743862ee73e5d3f72d3/frameset.htm
i could not get that when this workspace is used. even read sap documents , but could not get that during which scenario this workspace is used . can you please give a scenario ?
BW Workspaces are for the merging of user-created content (e.g. from flat files) and Corporate Data Warehouse content available to the user (subject to authorizations).
They allow the creation of new data models with some constraints on total space and compute which can be consumed by the user.
Latest docs for BW/4HANA 2021 (successor to BW//4 2.0) - https://help.sap.com/viewer/107a6e8a38b74ede94c833ca3b7b6f51/2021.00/en-US/014a5ad646cf488ba962e92caab8a3ea.html