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Enhanced incompatibility constraints during planning in SAP Transportation Management

When doing manual or automatic (VSR optimization) planning in SAP Transportation Management a great variety of incompatibility constraints can be used.

To enable an even more accurate planning, this incompatibility constraints have been enhanced in SAP S/4HANA 2020 regarding loading direction and attached equipment for vehicles and locations.

This means in detail:

  • For a vehicle, it’s specified
    • whether it can be loaded/unloaded from the left/right/back/top
    • which equipment is attached
  • For a location, it’s specified
    • whether it can be loaded/unloaded from the left/right/back/top
    • which equipment is required

So, during planning it’s checked that only those vehicles can serve a location, which

  • have at least one loading/unloading capability matching the location’s capabilities, and
  • contain at least the attached equipment required by the location

To enable the system to take these incompatibility constraints into account during planning, the following settings in customizing and master data have to be made.

In customizing the following profiles are introduced:

  • Vehicle:

    • Loading direction profile: Possible loading/unloading direction together with the preferred direction
    • Vehicle loading profile: Loading direction profile along with the information whether the attached equipment is fix
    • Attached equipment profile: Required equipment for loading/unloading
  • Location:

    • Loading direction profile: Possible loading/unloading direction together with the preferred direction
    • Location loading profile: Loading direction profile along with information about the attached loading equipment (e.g. firmly attached to the vehicle, outside cargo space)
    • Attached equipment profile: Attached equipment for loading/unloading

Those profiles can then be assigned in the master data:

  • Vehicle:

  • Location:

Having maintained this, those settings can then be maintained in the incompatibility settings to consider them during manual and automatic planning.

For questions or comments, please use the comment section below. I’ll appreciate any feedback!

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