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Multiple asynchronous OData/Ajax calls , in one response !!

What is it all about 

I have been seeing many queries in SCN , Stackoverflow and other forums about parallelizing multiple ajax/odata calls and get the response of the calls at once after completing all the request in the queue .

In this blog I discuss about the way I handle such scenarios in my Nodejs projects and UI5 developments.

Before you read further

I use Promises to achieve this scenario . Read about Promises here first.

 

Scenario 

I developed an Odata service, having an entity set “DelaySet”. This entity set has one key , delay , accepts an integer parameter and responds to the call only after the delay

/DelaySet(3) => responds after 3 seconds.

 

In my application , I am making 5 asynchronous calls with various delays ( say 1, 2 , 3 , 4 & 5 seconds each ) .

	 var call_1 = "/DelaySet(1)" ;//1 second delay
	 var call_2 = "/DelaySet(2)" ;//2 second delay
	 var call_3 = "/DelaySet(3)" ;//3 second delay
	 var call_4 = "/DelaySet(4)" ;//4 second delay
	 var call_5 = "/DelaySet(5)" ;//5 second delay
	 
	 var success = (data)=>{
		 console.log(data.status);
	 };
	 
	 this.oModel.read(call_1,{
		 success : success
	 });
	 this.oModel.read(call_4,{
		 success : success
	 });
	 this.oModel.read(call_3,{
		 success : success
	 });
	 this.oModel.read(call_5,{
		 success : success
	 });
	 this.oModel.read(call_2,{
		 success : success
	 });

 

If you see, these calls will be triggered at once ( in the network tab )

Delayed%20Calls

Delayed Calls – I increased the delay to take screenshot

Console

Console

And the response was like this . Now , we want to get the response of all these calls upon completing all the calls.

Write Promises 

Lets wrap each of these requests in Promises. Instantiating Promise instances , the OData calls in the constructor function body starts.

 

//Promise Syntac 

var oPromise = new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{

//code we would like to execute 
resolve(<data>) ; // when the execution of code completes succesfully 
reject(<err>) ; //when it fails

});

 

Lets wrap one  of our calls in a Promise

	 let p1 = new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
		 this.oModel.read(call_3,{
			 success : (data)=>{
				 resolve(data);
			 } ,
			 error : (err)=>{
				 reject(err); 	
			 }
		 }); 
	 });

 

If you are not familiar with the ()=>{} syntax , please check Arrow functions  this is really good and helpful

The above piece of code executes the promise and after completing the OData execution , it resolves the response data ( we don’t need a “then” chain as we don’t need the data here )

Like this , Defined all the OData calls in promises

 let p1 = new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
		 this.oModel.read(call_3,{
			 success : (data)=>{
				 resolve(data);
			 } ,
			 error : (err)=>{
				 reject(err); 	
			 }
		 }); 
	 });
	 
	 let p2 = new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
		 this.oModel.read(call_2,{
			 success : (data)=>{
				 resolve(data);
			 }
		 }); 
	 });
	 
	 let p3 = new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
		 this.oModel.read(call_5,{
			 success : (data)=>{
				 resolve(data);
			 }
		 }); 
	 });
	 let p4 = new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
		 this.oModel.read(call_4,{
			 success : (data)=>{
				 resolve(data);
			 }
		 }); 
	 });
	 let p5 = new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
		 this.oModel.read(call_1,{
			 success : (data)=>{
				 resolve(data);
			 }
		 }); 
	 });

 

We will see all the OData calls executing in parallel ( like before ) . To capture the results of all the resolved promises , lets pass “Promise.all” method

 

 
	 let finalPromise = Promise.all([p1,p2,p3,p4,p5]).then((dataFromAll)=>{
		 console.log(dataFromAll);
	 }).catch((err)=>{  console.log(err)  });

 

Here , after resolving all the passed promise instances , the resolved responses shall be passed as an array .

sequence%20of%20objects%20in%20the%20array%20is%20as%20the%20sequence%20of%20promise%20instance%20we%20pass

sequence of objects in the array is as the sequence of promise instance we pass

 

 

NoteThere are plenty other possible methods to achieve this . But I love coding JS with promises , which gives better control over asynchronous code blocks . 

 

 

BR – Sreehari

 

 

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