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Author's profile photo Sven Huberti

SAP Cloud Platform Integration – Connection count beautified

Sometimes work is like cooking: topics tend to form lumps. And the topic of “Connection count details” is one lump right now.

If you have acquired and are using a “SAP Cloud Platform Integration – PI Edition” tenant, you should know that licensing is based on connections.

You can see the number of connections in your SAP Cloud Platform cockpit, or in your SAP Enterprise Support Reporting cockpit.

You can also download it using the method outlined here: https://blogs.sap.com/2021/01/27/cloud-integration-downloading-cpi-connections-report/ 

Also, we recently published a note explaining how to use a REST API to get more details about the connections.

Using the above mentioned API you can get information such as connection count, where the connection is used, sender & receiver systems, etc.. This OData REST API can hence be used by developers to build dashboards using the language of their choice, or it can be used by power-users in Excel directly as a datasource. But you can also use Postman, a very useful tool for calling, storing and visualising API calls. Indeed, a JSON or XML file may not be very readable to you (unless you are a computer).

This is what we’ll do in this little tutorial: format the result of the API calls for the human eye!

 

Install and configure Postman

If not already done, please install Postman.

Then create a new GET request and enter the right URL as described in the note.

https://<CPI Tenant URL Without ITSpaces>/api/v1/IntegrationConnections?$expand=IntegrationFlows&$filter=ResolvedConnection eq true&$inlinecount=allpages

In my case, the CPI NEO URL looks something like this:

https://XXX-tmn.hci.eu1.hana.ondemand.com/api/v1/IntegrationConnections?$expand=IntegrationFlows&$filter=ResolvedConnection eq true&$inlinecount=allpages&$format=json

In your Postman request, add the authentication (in my case basic authentication) using SAP Cloud Platform credentials.

Last step: add a parameter to get the result as JSON structure, not XML. The parameter is a standard OData parameter called “$format”.

Also (thanks Jon Prow for pointing this out), set the header “invalidateCache” to “true”.

Your request should look something like this (basic authentication is set in the “Authorization” tab):

Now click on “Send”.

If everything goes well, you will get the result in a JSON format.

Although JSON is quite readable, it is not really nice, so we’ll now “beautify” this answer using the visualisation feature of Postman.

 

Beautify the response

As said before, Postman provides means to visualise data using handlebar templates.

So I sat down for an hour and went back in time – 20 years – when I was writing ASP webpages :-).

The code below may not be state-of-the-art anymore – but it works.

var template = `
        <p style="font-size:18px">Total number of connections = {{response.d.__count}}</p>

        <p style="font-size:18px">Connection overview</p>
        <table style="background-color: #CCCCCC;width: 90%;padding:10px">
            <tr style="background-color: #F0AB00;">
                <th style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">Id</p></th>
                <th style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">Sender</p></th>
                <th style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">Receiver</p></th>
            </tr>
        {{#each response.d.results}}
            <tr>
                <td style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">{{Id}}</p></td>
                <td style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">{{SenderHost}}</p></td>
                <td style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">{{ReceiverHost}}</p></td>
            </tr>
        {{/each}}
        </table>

        <p style="font-size:18px">Details</p>
        {{#each response.d.results}}
            <p style="font-size:16px">Connection <b>#{{Id}}</b> between <b>{{SenderHost}}</b> and <b>{{ReceiverHost}}</b> found in following iFlows:</b><p>
                    <table style="background-color: #CCCCCC;width: 90%;padding:10px">
                        <tr style="background-color: #F0AB00;">
                            <th style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">iFlow ID (iFlow Name)</p></th>
                            <th style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">Sender Host Type</p></th>
                            <th style="width:30%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">Receiver Host Type</p></th>
                        </tr>
                        {{#each IntegrationFlows.results}}
                            <tr">
                                <td style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">{{Id}}<br>({{Name}})</p></td>
                                <td style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">{{SenderHostType}}</p></td>
                                <td style="width:40%;padding:2pt;"><p style="font-size:14px">{{ReceiverHostType}}</p></td>
                            </tr>
                            {{/each}}
                    </table>
        {{/each}}
`;

pm.visualizer.set(template, {
    response: pm.response.json()
});

This script can be used in Postman to interpret the JSON using the handlebars template.

Simply copy the complete script above and paste it into the “Tests” tab of your Postman:

 

Now click on “Send” again, and switch to “Visualize” in the Postman response.

You will now get a nicely formatted visualisation of the JSON response containing an overview of the connections and also the details of them.

 

 

Conclusion

As you can see, using handlebars in Postman to visualise data is quite easy and could be used to generate any other kind of data structure to nicely format the response of the CPI connection metering.

Addendum – Spreadsheet script

In order to structure the data so you can use it in your spreadsheet editor, you can also use the following script:

var template = `
        <p style="font-size:18px">Total number of connections = {{response.d.__count}}</p>
        <b>Connection description; iFlow ID; iFLow Name; Sender Host Type; Receiver Host Type</b><br>
     
        {{#each response.d.results}}
            {{#each IntegrationFlows.results}}
                {{../SenderHost}} to {{../ReceiverHost}};{{Id}};{{Name}};{{SenderHostType}};{{ReceiverHostType}}<br>
            {{/each}}
        {{/each}}
`;

pm.visualizer.set(template, {
    response: pm.response.json()
});

It creates a semi-column separated value text that you can copy and paste.

Tip: you can use the “Data” menu to convert “Text to column” once you have pasted the results in the first column of your sheet.

Hope this helps!

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      10 Comments
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      Author's profile photo Jon Prow
      Jon Prow

      (along with another additional http header parameter InvalidateCache value as true/false )

      Author's profile photo Holger Himmelmann
      Holger Himmelmann

      Hello Sven,

      is it also planned to provide the used message volume of the SAP CP Integration Suite in the SAP Enterprise Support Reporting cockpit and via API in the near future? (if a customer already uses the current message volume based license model for CPI, APIM, etc.)

      Regards, Holger

      Author's profile photo Sven Huberti
      Sven Huberti
      Blog Post Author

      Hello Holger,

      sorry for the very late response!

      as far as I know (I am not in Product Management) the message volume will be available in the Cockpit in the future, most likely in 2021. I am not sure it will be available per API, but I would assume that it will.

      BR,

      Sven

      Author's profile photo Massimo Nanni
      Massimo Nanni

      Hello, thank you for publishing this API, I've tried to use it but I could't find a solution to a specific need:

      we as company have the need to get the list of all Odata outbound connections that all flows of a tenant now use, with the complete path part.

      This because we need to estimate the effort of taking care of an existing SCPI for a new customer that has 300+ flows deployed and we need to know which Sap APIs are called.

       

      Can you tell me if such a query is possible or if a tool to do this assessment exists?

      Thank you
      Massimo

      Author's profile photo Sven Huberti
      Sven Huberti
      Blog Post Author

      Hey Massimo,

      sorry for the late reply.

      Indeed you can use the REST APIs for the Integration service to find out what you need.

      Just check it out on the API Business Hub: https://api.sap.com/api/IntegrationContent/resource

      In regards to the details, here is a query that I tried out which could match your requirement:

      Note the $filter parameter with “Type eq ‘ODATA_SERVICE’ ” value.

      Also, you can configure your own environment when you login into the API Business Hub (here "d0292") so you can test out the APIs quickly and simply against your environment.

      BR!

      Sven

      Author's profile photo Massimo Nanni
      Massimo Nanni

      Thank you for your interest Sven Huberti

      I tried the query you suggested but the result is empty, because the query looks for runtime artifacts whose type is ODATA_SERVICE but there are only of type INTEGRATION_FLOW.

      The INTEGRATION_FLOWs do use Odata services but the query isn't able to drill down and extract them 🙁

      Author's profile photo Sven Huberti
      Sven Huberti
      Blog Post Author

      Hello Massimo,

      ok, I understand now.

      I am not sure that what you are describing is possible: I looked through all of our REST APIs for Integration Service and could not find the one that would give you the URLs of the OData Adapters from your integration flows.

      The only thing that the REST API above gives you, is the Adapter type (HCIODATA) of the connection, but does not give you the path to the OData Service.

      Sorry that I cannot help more, but maybe someone from the community like Adam Kiwon or Raffael Herrmann can.

      BR!

      Sven

      Author's profile photo Massimo Nanni
      Massimo Nanni

      Thank you anyway!

      Author's profile photo Tilman Mehler
      Tilman Mehler

      Thank you for this tutorial!

      One question: The Report indicates a very low number of connections on both, our test and productive system. Does the report maybe merely measure the connection of a certain timespan (e. g. last 24 hours)?. If yes, can this timespan be parameterized?

       

       

      Kind regards

       

      Tilman Mehler

      Author's profile photo Julius Pereira
      Julius Pereira

      Hi Sven,

      Thank you much for this. I have gone back and forth with my AE and a bunch of BTP guys from SAP to understand connections and to get details on how to view these in my system, but in vain. This blog is gold. Thank you again.

      Julius