Cloud Integration – Connect to Microsoft 365 Mail with OAuth2
Microsoft 365 supports connecting to Outlook 365 via OAuth2 with Authorization Code grant type. This blog provides a step by step description on how you can connect from SAP Cloud Integration to a mail account in Outlook 365 via OAuth2 with Authorization Code grant type, using either the protocol SMTP for sending e-mails or the protocol IMAP for reading e-mails.
When connecting to Microsoft Outlook 365 with OAuth2, you need to have an organizational directory/tenant in Microsoft Azure Active Directory and a user in this directory which has a subscription to Outlook 365. The following screen shot shows an example of such a user in the Azure Active Directory with name “testusermail” which has the license “Exchange Online (Plan1)”.
For the configuration tasks in the Azure Active Directory, you also need a user with the “Application administrator” and the “Application developer” role.
Furthermore, you need a SAP Cloud Integration tenant on which you have a user with the “Integration Developer” role. If you only have a user with the “Administrator” role, you can do all the configurations mentioned below in SAP CPI, except for the last two configurations in the integration flow.
The new functionality is available with the release update at end of August 2020.
You have to use the sender mail adapter version 1.8 or higher and the receiver mail adapter version 1.9 or higher. If you use older adapter versions in your integration flows, you have to delete these adapters and recreate them.
To set up the OAuth2 connection for reading and sending e-mails with SAP Cloud Integration, do the following steps:
- Determine Redirect URI
- Create OAuth Client/App in Microsoft Azure Active Directory
- Create OAuth2 Authorization Code Credential in your SAP Cloud Integration tenant
- Configure Mail Sender Adapter in your integration flow
- Configure Mail Receiver Adapter in your integration flow
Determine Redirect URI
When you log into the SAP Cloud Integration WEB-UI, you see your host name in the browser address field:
Use the <host name> to construct the following redirect URI:
You need this redirect URI in the next step.
Create OAuth Client/App in Microsoft Azure Active Directory
- Log into your Azure tenant by using https://portal.azure.com/
- Select “App registrations” under “Azure services”.
- Click on “New registration”, provide a name for your app and enter the redirect URI you determined at the beginning. Do not change the default setting for the “account types” (“Accounts in this organizational directory only”). After that, select “Register”.
Save the Application (client) ID anywhere on your local desktop. You will need this ID later to configure the OAuth2 Credential in CPI.
4. Choose “Certificates & secrets” in the menu on the left.
5. Select “New client secret”, choose your preferred expiry period (“In 1 year”, “In 2 years” or “Never”). Optionally, you can also add a description. When you’re done, select “Add”.
Remark: Before the secret expires you have to create a new secret and transfer the new secret to the SAP CPI OAuth2 Authorization Code credential (see below).
6. Use the “Copy to clipboard” button to remember the created secret (you will need this later to configure the OAuth2 credential in CPI).
7. Go back to the “Overview” view of the app and select the “Endpoints” tab.
Copy the “OAuth 2.0 authorization endpoint (v2)” and the “OAuth 2.0 token endpoint (v2)” to your local desktop. You need these values later for the creation of the OAuth2 credential in Cloud Integration.
Create an OAuth2 Authorization Code Credential in SAP CPI Tenant
- Log into your Cloud Integration tenant via the URL https://<host name>/itspaces. Change to the “Operations View” (press the eye icon), and select the “Security Materials” tile. Select the “Create” button and choose “OAuth2 Authorization Code”.
- Enter a name for the Credential and the “Authorization URL”, “Token Service URL”, “Client ID”, and “Client Secret” from your Microsoft App.
Enter also a “User Name”. This is the e-mail address of the user whose mail resources you want to access in an integration flow. This user must exist in the same Microsoft Azure directory/tenant as the App created and must have an Outlook 365 account.
Enter the necessary scope (see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/exchange/client-developer/legacy-protocols/how-to-authenticate-an-imap-pop-smtp-application-by-using-oauth#get-an-access-token):
– “https://outlook.office.com/IMAP.AccessAsUser.All” for accessing e-mails
– “https://outlook.office.com/SMTP.Send” for sending e-mails
Additionally, you need the scope “offline_access” for creating refresh tokens (if this scope is not added, SAP Cloud Integration will add this scope automatically). The scopes must be separated by a space.
The default value for the Refresh Token Expiry is set to 90 days for “Microsoft 365” (see: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/develop/active-directory-configurable-token-lifetimes). However, if the expiry time was changed for your Microsoft tenant, then you have to adjust this value. After clicking on the “Deploy” button, you see the newly created “OAuth2 Authorization Code” credential in the list of Security Materials in status “Unauthorized“.
- Select the three dots in the entry with the created credential and choose the “Authorize” option.
A confirmation pop-up will come up. Select “Continue”:
A Microsoft login screen appears. Enter the password of the user you specified in the OAuth2 credential:
After you’ve selected “Sign in”, a further pop-up comes up, indicating the requested permissions required by the app:
Now, with status “Deployed”, the credential can be used by the mail adapters.
Configure the Mail Sender Adapter in an Integration Flow
We assume that you are familiar with the Integration Flow modeling in SAP Cloud Integration, and provide here only configuration details for the OAuth2 configuration in the mail adapter.
Be aware that the adapter version must be at least 1.8 (you see the version if you press the i button, see screen shot below). If your adapter has a lower version, then you have to delete the adapter and recreate the adapter (this will automatically use the newest version).
If you want to receive mails, you configure the Mail Sender Adapter with the created OAuth2 Credential. In the creation dialog for the Mail sender adapter, you have to chose the transport protocol “IMAP4” (we do not support OAuth2 for POP3). Enter the Address value “outlook.office365.com:993“. In the “Connection” tab, choose “OAuth2 Authorization Code” as “Authentication”. Protection must be defined as “IMAPS” for Microsoft 365.
Configure the Mail Receiver Adapter in an Integration Flow
Be aware that the receiver adapter version must be at least 1.9 (you see the version if you press the i button, see screen shot below). If your adapter has a lower version, then you have to delete the adapter and recreate the adapter (this will automatically use the newest version).
If you want to send mails, you need to configure the Mail Receiver adapter. Enter the Address value “smtp.office365.com:587“. Enter “OAuth2 Authorization Code” for “Authentication” in the “Connection”. Protection must be defined as “STARTTLS Mandatory” for Microsoft 365.
Limits and Scope
- SAP Cloud Integration does not support the authentication with OAuth2 for the POP protocol. If you are currently using the POP protocol in the mail sender adapter, you can switch to the IMAP protocol in order to use the OAuth2 authentication.
- The maximum number of OAuth2 Authorization Code credentials in a Cloud Integration tenant is limited to 500.
- Microsoft does not support OAuth2 for personal e-mail accounts ending in “outlook.com“.