Dock appointment scheduling (DAS) in Embedded Extended warehouse management (EWM) integrated with embedded Transportation management (TM ) in S/4HANA
The USP (Unique selling proposition) of SAP is its capability of integration. In SAP R/3 or ECC, it used to be the integration between modules like Materials management (MM) with Finance (FI) etc. If some goods are receipted and posted with a transaction called MIGO, then it not only updates the inventory, but also does financial posting simultaneously.
Now with SAP S/4HANA, the scope of integration in SAP has gone beyond modules. Several applications have been merged (embedded) within S/4HANA resulting in substantial simplifications in business processes and significant Business & IT benefits. My present blog is to describe one of the several simplifications with cross application integration in SAP S/4HANA.
The below image shows a typical process flow diagram for Dock appointment scheduling (DAS) in embedded Extended warehouse management (EWM) with embedded Transportation management ( TM ) in S/4HANA for an Outbound transportation.
Freight unit (FU) and Outbound delivery order (ODO) get created in embedded TM and embedded EWM respectively, after the outbound delivery is created (and distributed) in S/4HANA. Refer my blogpost https://blogs.sap.com/2018/03/14/direct-integration-between-embedded-ewm-tm-in-s4hana-improving-overall-efficiency-of-suply-chain/ for the benefits of Direct integration between embedded TM and embedded EWM in S/4HANA. Will focus on Dock appointment scheduling (DAS) in this blog to explain how SAP’s DAS helps to plan and schedule the arrival of vehicles in the warehouse or distribution centre.
Transportation planner plans the transportation and creates a freight order (FO) in TM. Freight order is (often) correlated to a truck. When the freight order is transferred from TM to EWM, a ‘Transportation unit’ (TU) is created in embedded EWM along with an ‘Appointment’ in Dock appointment scheduling (DAS) as shown in below images.
Note (in above images) that standard SAP also ensures that the number of Transportation (TU) unit in EWM is same as of freight order in TM and the Appointment number in DAS is same as of TU internal number of EWM for better identification for corresponding objects by the Transportation planner and Warehouse manager. The appointment number created automatically in DAS also gets updated in TU in embedded EWM as shown in below image.
When a time slot is assigned to the ‘Appointment’ , then its status gets changed to ‘Planned’ from ‘Provisional’ and the date with start & end time of docking at warehouse door get updated in TU from DAS in EWM as shown in below image.
This integration of DAS of EWM with TM in S/4HANA eliminates the time consuming & error prone manual works and helps the warehouse manager with
- visibility of warehouse load on a particular day
- information on deliveries that need to be picked and made ready on a day
- plan to reduce the waiting time of truck
- increased warehouse efficiency
This blog is based on my personal tests /observations. Will appreciate your feedback / comments.
We have a scenario when one Customer A could cancel the Sales Order during tranportation.
What will be the best solution to divert such order to another Customer B, which might be close to the same product?
I wonder there are many roll backs required, for example reverse PGI, delete Delivery, open and cancel first Customer A Sales Order ( may be change Freight Order on the go), create another Sales Order to Customer B, create new Freight Order to Customer B, new delivery, new PGI ... too much hussle ...
Any smarter idea?
Here is more complication - the Customer C could be an internal customer, which reqires Stock Transfer Order with Billing ..
I ahve been reading your blog - could milk run resolve at least some of my scenario issues?
Open to smartest community to respond - we are on the S4HANA 2020 FP2, embedded TM, have not yet seen the need in embedded eWM
So, you mean to change to customer while the goods are in transit, right ? I am not very sure, however you may check 'Van sales' scenario of DSD (now SPD - SAP direct delivery).
Thanks Mrinal for the great article.
Will this process change with ASR functionality in 2021 or 2022 ? Do we still need TU to be integrated for DAS ?
Thanks Mrinal for such an informative blog!
Do we need TU for the DAS functionality part of 2021 version ? is there any change in DAS functionality with ASR ?