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Author's profile photo Pulla Rao Tulava

DDMRP: Demand Driven MRP in S/4HANA – Use Cases

In this blog will give you detailed understanding of the below points in DDMRP in S4HANA.

  1. Decoupled Lead Time (DLT)
  2. Buffer Zones Calculations, ADU Value & PIR’s Impact.
  3. Sales Orders impact on buffer calculation and qualified spike.


  1. Decoupled Lead Time (DLT):

The sum of the longest lead times of non-buffered products in a sequence headed by a buffered or DD-relevant product in a BOM, adds up to a cumulative lead time for the DD-relevant product that is known as the Decoupled Lead Time.

  • To check the Buffer products and to calculate the DLT we are going to use Buffer Positioning App.
  • In real time, the production planner could adapt the filter conditions, for example filter by classification results or filter by candidates of buffered products, then you could decide buffer or un-buffer the product.
  • View products based on filter criteria such as MRP area, plant, lead time indicator, variability indicator, and so on
  • Calculate the decoupled lead time (DLT) for one or more products.

Where as in traditional MRP everything is Dependent, so the lead is accumulation of all components.


    2. Buffer Zones Calculations, ADU Value & PIR’s Impact:

Buffer level proposals are calculated/generated after using the Schedule Buffer Proposal Calculation app.

Buffer (stock) level proposals help you manage the safety stock, reorder point and maximum stock for your products through the Manage Buffer Levels app. Several factors are taken under consideration when calculating buffer proposals for your Demand-Driven Replenishment-relevant products.

  • Average Daily Usage
  • Averaging Interval
  • Decoupled Lead Time
  • Minimum Order Quantity

After Adoption the proposed quantity will become current max stock today and material master records also will update (Re-order point, Safety stock and Maximum stock levels).

Click right side of line item F-01010 material and go inside.

Herein you can see the Buffer profile which is automatically picked based on your product classification and lead time classifications. So the variability factor is 0.80 and Lead time factor is 0.30. These are helpful for Buffer Zones Calculations.


Buffer Zones Calculations:

Average Daily Usage (ADU Value) & PIR’s Impact:

The average usage of a product or component on a daily basis, calculated based on the demand over a selected averaging interval (The Mass Maintenance of Products (DD) app is used to set an averaging interval, a rolling interval defined in the form [-x days], referring to the current date. This interval is used to calculate the Average Daily Usage (ADU) for that date based on the daily usage, and to calculate the Decoupled Lead Time (DLT).).

ADU Value Calculation:

Note: Actual PIRs Qty for the month of Feb 2020 is 2000 PC. For ADU calculations, DDMRP won’t consider past PIR’s Quantities (Proposal run happened on 06-Feb-2020). So the First 5 days of average daily usage is 344.8 PC (per day 68.9 PC). If you can subtract 5 days value from 2000 then the Forecast demand Qty become 1675 PC.

        3. Sales Orders Impact On Buffer Calculation & Qualified Spike:

Qualified Spike Demand: When calculating qualified spike demand, the system considers the open, future quantities of aggregated daily demands. A qualified spike is a future daily demand that lies above the Spike Threshold and within the spike horizon.

Spike Horizon: It is a time interval that starts after today and ends after the number of calendar days of the decoupled lead time into the future at the earliest.

Stock Requirement list (MD04):

*Spike threshold factor maintained in Buffer Profile Maintenance.

So herein the end of spike horizon is 20-Feb-2020. See below

Now I have created FOUR Customer Orders with different parameters like below:

  1. Order with BELOW the Ord. Spike Threshold and WITHIN Spike Horizon (2000 PC with requested delivery date is 15-Feb-2020).
  2. Order with ABOVE the Ord. Spike Threshold and WITHIN Spike Horizon (2500 PC with requested delivery date is 18-Feb-2020).
  3. Order with BELOW the Ord. Spike Threshold and OUTSIDE Spike Horizon (1000 PC with requested delivery date is 25-Feb-2020).
  4. Order with ABOVE the Ord. Spike Threshold and OUTSIDE Spike Horizon (2500 PC with requested delivery date is 29-Feb-2020).

After creation of Four Customer Orders my Stock Requirement situation is as below:

304 & 305 are within spike horizon and 307 & 308 are outside the spike horizon. So the outside spike horizon requirements (307 & 308) will not consider as Qualified Spike Demand and it won’t change Planning Priority.

By using this Replenishment Planning app we can identify the list of spikes (i,e Qualified Spike Orders). 305 is above the Ord. Spike Threshold and within Spike Horizon. So it’s a qualified spike among four orders.

Now run the MRP or Create Supply tab in Replenishment Planning App. You can see the Planning Priority become 100% and if you go inside you can see the planned order. Here my maximum stock level of the material is 5,097 PC and Qualified Spike is 2,500 PC.

By using Edit button in the screen you have converted into Production Order.

Then completed the Manufacturing Execution steps like Release, Goods Issue, Confirmation and GR of Production Order. Once stock came into the Inventory then Planning Priority and Net flow equations will change.

In Stock Requirement List (MD04):

Note: Customer requirements will NOT change the ADU value and Buffer Zones Calculations. However, sales order requirements are considered as demand spikes depending on spike threshold and spike horizon.

To understand the basic concept of DDMRP please check the below link.


I would very much appreciate your comments and suggestions.



Pulla Rao Tulava

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      Author's profile photo Prasad Rane
      Prasad Rane

      Hi Pullarao,

      Thanks for sharing the detailed blog, like the way you have simplified the steps. Great work.

      Author's profile photo Pulla Rao Tulava
      Pulla Rao Tulava
      Blog Post Author

      Thank You Prasad

      Author's profile photo klif wiee
      klif wiee

      Thank you Pulla. For me this is a really good document visualizing important concepts.

      Author's profile photo Pulla Rao Tulava
      Pulla Rao Tulava
      Blog Post Author

      Thank You klif wiee

      Author's profile photo Shanmugam Sathiyamurthy
      Shanmugam Sathiyamurthy

      Hi, This is really useful.

      I am facing an issue. I ran "Schedule Product classification" with past days 30. I have transactions with consumption to production orders from 1st June in system.

      I updated MRP type (D1) and Lot size (H1) on 29th June 2020.

      Today (30th June 2020) when I run Buffer calculation, I get the following message and buffer is not calculated.

      "ADU for the Product XXX-COMPYYY Plant 1710 MRPArea 1710 is zero"

      I checked in table MVER, consumption details are there.

      I checked table PPH_DD_STPR_DETS, Average Daily Usage is not there.

      Please advise to resolve this issue.


      Author's profile photo Pulla Rao Tulava
      Pulla Rao Tulava
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Sathiyamurthy,

      Please check the buffer profile is maintained or not for plant 1710.

      Or check the below link for step by step procedure.




      Author's profile photo Sunny Jacob
      Sunny Jacob

      Hi ,


      The article is very useful, but in the ADU calculation PIR is not considering.

      do we need to set any specific setting to consider the PIR into ADU calculation ?


      Thanks and Regards


      Author's profile photo Pulla Rao Tulava
      Pulla Rao Tulava
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Sunny,

      Thank you...!!

      Yes, to consider PIRs into ADU calculation please schedule "Mass maintainance of products (DD)" app with Horizon in future details.



      Author's profile photo Sunny Jacob
      Sunny Jacob

      Hi Pulla Rao,


      I did the same, but in the Apps we are not seeing PIR also the calculation not considered PIR , here I am attaching reference for you. That is the reason asked any specific setting we need to do , in order to ensure PIR to consider.










      Author's profile photo Pulla Rao Tulava
      Pulla Rao Tulava
      Blog Post Author

      You have not maintained consumption data for Material RW1012 (as per the screen shots). Once you maintained then run Mass maintenance of Products (DD) app with Horizon in Past and Horizon details.



      Author's profile photo Jorge Manuel Olarte
      Jorge Manuel Olarte

      Solved the issue? if yes, how?

      Author's profile photo Odell Smith
      Odell Smith

      As I read through the S/4 HANA DDMRP functionality & what it can achieve, aside from the FIORI Simulate capabilities & those for Replenishment Planning, I struggle to see how different this whole approach is vis-a-vis the traditional PP Planning strategies at Assembly level (70, 59, 74).
      If DDMRP is a concept to buffer at intermediate decoupling points, the Planning Strategies take an aim at doing the same. Both go in that pursuit using Historical data.

      Author's profile photo Sachin Kumar H S
      Sachin Kumar H S


      The Article is great.


      But after identifying the qualified Ord. Spike. My Planning priority droped to 50% and after i run MRP i got the planned order, but the quantity of planned order is equal to the sum of Reorder point + Qualified Ord. Spike. Not as shown above (i.e., Maximum qualtity + Qualified Ord. Spike)

      Can you please tell me the reason for this.


      Thank you.