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SAP ECC Proxy – OneDrive Integration using Microsoft Graph API in SAP PO

Hello All,

Recently, I’ve got a requirement to integrate SAP ECC with OneDrive. This blog post gives you the detailed steps to be performed to Get/Put files in OneDrive using Microsoft graph API & OAuth in REST Adapter in PI/PO.

What is Microsoft Graph API?

              Graph is a RESTful web API that enables us to access Microsoft Cloud service resources. It is a single API endpoint for accessing a variety of Microsoft services.

The OneDrive REST API is part of the Microsoft Graph API which allows our app to connect to content stored in OneDrive and SharePoint. We can work with files across the Office 365 ecosystem like OneDrive, OneDrive for Business, and SharePoint document libraries using graph API.

Prerequisites:

    • OneDrive Service Account(Personnel/Business) with application Developer role.
    • Create application in Microsoft Application Registration Portal.
    • Create a client secret.
    • Add API permissions to authorize our app to access OneDrive.

Overview:
             The below picture gives the overview of steps need to be performed.

Create Application:

Open Microsoft Application Registration Portal – Azure Portal

Sign in using your account credentials.

 

Go to App Registrations and Register an application. Note down the client Id & tenant Id.

Create client Secret:

Click on “Certificates &secrets” on the left navigation menu and add a new client secret.

Note the generated client secret which we need to enter in REST receiver channel.

Add API Permissions:

Click on API permissions and add permissions to read & write files.

Application Permissions are required to access the OneDrive API from SAP PO (without a signed user).

Grant Admin consent as the Application permissions needs it.

Configuration in SAP PO:

Get Files from OneDrive:

Below are the list of files/folders available in OneDrive. Let’s retrieve the same through interface call via PO.

The ESR objects are not covered here as it is just like for other scenarios and ID configuration is as below.

Microsoft Graph Endpoint URL:

The Graph endpoint consists of below

    • Microsoft Graph root URL and version: https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0
    • A root resource target:  /users/{user-id}
    • A OneDrive API resource target :/drive or /drives/{drive-id}/items/{item-id} or /drive/root:/path/to/item

The GetFile EndPoint URL format is like: GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/{user-id}/drive/root:/{path-relative-to-root}:/children

The postman request looks something like below.

The Authorization URL format is like: POST https://login.microsoftonline.com/{tenant-id}/oauth2/v2.0/token

If we try from postman tool, the request looks like below.

Loading of Certificates in NWA:

Get the leaf, intermediate and root certificates from https://login.microsoftonline.com and https://graph.microsoft.com and load them in trusted CAs in NWA.

The result retrieves all the files available in the root folder of the drive with it’s details as shown below.

Put Files to OneDrive:

This is a Proxy (with Attachment) to OneDrive scenario. Our requirement was to send invoice related PDF attachments to OneDrive folder. The attachment in the proxy request contains a PDF file and the main payload contains the file name and type.

Java Mapping has been used to read the filename(with Invoice number) & file type from source payload, create target filename and to transform the attachment to main payload. Here is the snapshot of mapping.

public void transform(TransformationInput input, TransformationOutput output) throws StreamTransformationException {
/**
* @Description : This Java mapping to transfer attachment to mainpayload
* @Author  :  Priyanka Anagani
* @Date  : 10/01/2020
**/
AbstractTrace trace = getTrace();
trace.addDebugMessage(“JavaMapping Started….!”);

String str = “”, attId = “”,attName =””, contentType = “”, contentId = “”, fileName =””;
Attachment attachment = null;
Object[] arrayObj = null;
byte[] attBytes = null;

InputAttachments inputAttachments = input.getInputAttachments();
InputStream inputstream = input.getInputPayload().getInputStream();
OutputStream outputstream = output.getOutputPayload().getOutputStream();

try{
//Get the name of the file from source payload
DocumentBuilder dBuilder = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance().newDocumentBuilder();
org.w3c.dom.Document document = dBuilder.parse(inputstream);//source doc
document.getDocumentElement().normalize();
NodeList nList =  document.getElementsByTagName(“FileName”);
fileName = nList.item(0).getTextContent();

NodeList nList2 =  document.getElementsByTagName(“FileType”);
fileName = fileName+ “.” +nList2.item(0).getTextContent();
trace.addInfo(“File Name is:”+fileName);

//set the file name in dynamic config
Map map = (Map) input.getInputHeader().getAll();
DynamicConfiguration conf = (DynamicConfiguration) input.getDynamicConfiguration();
DynamicConfigurationKey key1 = DynamicConfigurationKey.create(“http:/”+”/sap.com/xi/XI/System/REST”,”fileName”);
conf.put(key1, fileName);

if(inputAttachments.areAttachmentsAvailable()){
trace.addInfo(“Attachments Found”);
Collection<String> collectionIDs = inputAttachments.getAllContentIds(true);
arrayObj = collectionIDs.toArray();
for(int i =0;i<arrayObj.length;i++){
attId = (String)arrayObj[i];
attachment = inputAttachments.getAttachment(attId);
contentType = attachment.getContentType();
attBytes = attachment.getContent();
}//end of for
}//end of if
outputstream.write(attBytes);//write mainayload file
}//end of try
catch(Exception ex){
trace.addWarning(“Exception Raised…! “+ex);
}
}//end of transform

 

Below is the ID configuration.

Microsoft Graph Endpoint URL:

The authorization URL is same as mentioned before.

The endpoint URL to put files to OneDrive looks in the format: PUT https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/{user-id}/drive/root:/{path-relative-to-root}:{file-name}/content

The Postman request looks something like below.

The ECC proxy request contains payload & attachment.

The result will have the file (attachment in ECC req) placed in respective path in OneDrive.

Reference: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/onedrive/developer/rest-api/concepts/upload?view=odsp-graph-online

I Hope this will be helpful and I welcome your feedback😊

 

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