Argentina Tax Reporting (RPFIGLAR_TAXREPORTING): Why do you need to fill in the Reason 0 VAT field in billing documents when an item has zero VAT rate?
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When you run the Argentina Tax Reporting (RPFIGLAR_TAXREPORTING) report, the system automatically identifies the origin of the amounts and classifies them in columns – exempted, non-taxed, or export amounts. For the CITI and Electronic Duplicate options, the system also specifies the operation code for the amounts.
This process of identifying and classifying amounts and/or operation codes is the same when you run the report with accounting documents that have line items with VAT rate equal to zero.
But there’s a detail that may vary depending on the origin of the accounting document: When the accounting document comes from the SD (Sales and Distribution) module, you need to specify the reason for the 0% VAT when you create the billing document.
Here’s why: Differently of the accounting documents from MM (Materials Management) and FI (Finance) modules, where the reason for 0% VAT comes from the Specify Tax Classes (FIAR_TAXID) customizing activity and is based on the tax code used in the line item of the accounting document, the accounting documents from the SD module require a special attention.
Since the SD module uses the condition-based technique to calculate the VAT rate, the same tax code is used to create accounting documents independently if the VAT rate is higher or equal to zero. So, when a line item has VAT rate equal to zero, you need to specify the reason for it in the Reason 0 VAT field of the billing document.
For visually impaired readers: The picture shows a screenshot of an invoice with the Reason for Zero VAT field highlighted.
If you would like to see a complete list of settings you need to adjust to run the Argentina Tax Reporting (RPFIGLAR_TAXREPORTING) report, see the post Argentina Tax Reporting (RPFIGLAR_TAXREPORTING): Daily VAT, Electronic Duplicate, CITI Ventas, and CITI Compras.
The full documentation of the Argentina Tax Reporting report is in the system. You can access it by choosing the F1 button. The most updated version of the text is delivered in SAP Note 2809400 – Argentina Tax Reporting (RPFIGLAR_TAXREPORTING): Report Documentation.
You can also make use of the KBA 2463319 – Argentina’s Reporting Troubleshooting Guide.
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