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Author's profile photo Andre Fischer

Do I need a SAP Gateway Hub when using the ABAP RESTful Programming Model?

  • Updates
    • 16.12.2022 – Added the information that using ADT preview and transaction /n/IWFND/MAINT_SERVICE requires that SAP Gateway is activated also locally on the SAP S/4HANA backend system


When I saw the question of whether “when the RESTful ABAP Programming Model (RAP) is rolled out, will there still be a central Gateway hub deployment model in place?” I thought it would be better to write a small blog rather than trying to answer in this detail in the Q&A section.

In short the answer is, yes, a central SAP Gateway Hub can still be in place if you want or have to use it.

However, since the SAP Gateway Hub is used mainly as a SAP Fiori Frontend Server a central hub deployment might not be possible as described in the blog SAP Fiori deployment options and SAP Fiori front-end server strategy – UPDATE 2020 if your system landscape contains several SAP S/4HANA backend systems with different releases. Because of this the recommended deployment option in SAP S/4HANA systems is the embedded deployment.

In this blog you will also find a statement about the future direction. ” … SAP’s strategic direction is to evolve powerful alternatives for a SAP Fiori front-end server as a central hub or standalone server with a much lower TCO on customer-side.” In the newly updated document SAP Fiori Deployment Options and System Landscape Recommendations you will find the information that for SAP FES 2020 for S/4HANA it is planned that the SAP NetWeaver version must be SAP NetWeaver 7.52.

However , the root cause of the question was that it was not clear which role Service Definitions and Service Bindings play in a hub based deployment. For this we will have a look at a simple OData service using the un-managed scenario which is available as of SAP S/4HANA 1909 also on premise. In such a system we can nicely compare how service binding relates to the service activation using transaction /iwfnd/maint_service.

Please note:
In order to be able to use transaction /iwfnd/maint_service or the preview functionality in ADT SAP Gateway would have to be activated locally in your SAP S/4HANA Development system.

So we will take a look behind the scenes of the ABAP RESTful Programming Model.

The sample service is based on the following tutorial: Define and Expose a CDS-Based Travel Data Model

I here omitted the step to publish the service.

As you can see there is a push button called Activate which would activate a Local Service Endpoint. This already clearly shows what this button is meant for namely to publish the service locally in the development system.

In a SAP S/4HANA 1909 system we can still call the transaction /iwfnd/maint_service and we can select the service ZUI_C_TRAVEL_M_###, the service binding and publish it.

After getting the usual dialogs the service is activated (here locally on my SAP S/4HANA 1909 system).

If we now switch back to ABAP in Eclipse and refresh the tab where I have activated the Service Binding we see that the Local Service Endpoint is now active.


So the Service Binding does create the service in the backend. To publish it locally in your system you can use the Activate button provided in ABAP in Eclipse.

If you want to use this service in a hub based system you can still used transaction /iwfnd/maint_service.


At this point I have also to point out that the new programming model is called “ABAP RESTful Programming Model” and NOT “RESTful ABAP Programming Model”.


When using a hub based deployment of SAP Gateway / SAP Fiori Frontend Server I would



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      Author's profile photo Uwe Fetzer
      Uwe Fetzer

      Perfect, thanks for the clarification André.

      So a mixed scenario would be possible, where, for example, Fiori apps consume local services and services which where called from outside (Internet) can be activated in the hub scenario.

      .. and sorry for misspelling ARPM 😉

      Author's profile photo Stephan Heinberg
      Stephan Heinberg

      Andre, do you know when SAP will publish a HUB System with a state-of-the-art NetWeaver?
      NetWeaver 7.52 (2017) is the latest version available for the Hub system.

      Author's profile photo Andre Fischer
      Andre Fischer
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Stephan,

      there are currently no plans to ship a standalone version of the state-of-the-art ABAP stack which is for example used in a SAP S/4HANA 1909 system.

      Because of this we are downporting parts of the SAP Gateway Framework down to 751 so that that SAP NetWeaver 751 and 752 can be used as the basis for a SAP Fiori Frontend Server for SAP S/4HANA.

      SAP Note 2512479 - SAP Gateway Foundation Support Package Stack Definition shows the SP's that are required for 751 and 752

      Author's profile photo Suren Battula
      Suren Battula


      I have a scenario  from eclipse it is not adding extra Z infront of the service and it does from /IWFDN/MAINT_SERVICES adding a Z infront of OData Service. so this is leading auths to have issues why does it behave like so.


      Author's profile photo Andre Fischer
      Andre Fischer
      Blog Post Author

      Can you show screen shots or table entries showing your issue?

      Author's profile photo rajesh maripeddi
      rajesh maripeddi

      Hello Andre,

      I have created the Application using SAP RAP and it is working fine in Development system. But when I transported to Quality system, there I can see the Service Binding in Eclipse but it is in unpublished state.

      Do I need to perform any other task or any other way to activate or publish the SB.

      Thanks in advance.



      Author's profile photo Nitish Chawla
      Nitish Chawla

      Hello Andrew,

      I stumble across this blogs of yours after commiting the issue. I published RAP O2 Service in ADT only and transported it. As expected it was not reflected in /iwfnd/maint_Service of target system. I then in source system unpublished it, used /iwfnd/maint_service to register the service, locked into the TR and transported it again to target system.

      But still service is still not getting reflected in /iwfnd/maint_Service. Getting below error while trying to call it through GW_Client : No service found for namespace '&&&&', name '&&&POST_EMAIL', version '0001'. Strangely it is available in SICF transaction and is appearing as active there.

      Could you please suggest what could be the issue here ?

      We have a hub deployment in place.

      Author's profile photo Andre Fischer
      Andre Fischer
      Blog Post Author

      Are the system aliases the same and present in both systems?

      Maybe you should think about raising a ticket.

      Kind regards,