If you are using third-party ABAP tools in your SAP systems or interested to move an ABAP package to your existing SAP system from another SAP system , you can use SAP Transport Request files.
In my company, we produce some third-party ABAP applications & add-ons and installing & reqularly updating them via SAP Transport Request files.
I know there are many other blogs & documents about working with SAP Transport Request files on SCN or other sources in internet, but I still think it’s simpler then it seems on many pages, So I wanted to share my experience.
Also I share a small piece of ABAP code which helps to work faster and prevents naming mistakes.
What are SAP Transport Request files ?
Let’s imagine you are installing a software to your personal computer like an anti-virus or gaming program.
Steps are simple : First you download installation files and then you start installer program.
For SAP it’s similar, think Transport Request files as installation files and SAP Transaction STMS is the installer & importer for them.
Step 1 : Place SAP Transport Files on your SAP server
Before installing an ABAP add-on to your SAP system, first you need to place Transport Request files in required locations on your SAP server. It’s just like downloading the installation files of a game to your computer before installing it.
There are 2 ways you can upload Transport Request files to your SAP server ,
first one is manually uploading the files by using SAP transaction code CG3Z
and second one is uploading by using a simple ABAP program :
1. Uploading Manually ( CG3Z ) :
An SAP Transport Request file contains 2 files :
first one starts with “R” character and second one stars with “K” character.
First one must be placed in server folder : “/usr/sap/trans/data/”
and second one must be placed in server folder : “/usr/sap/trans/cofiles/”
To upload this files to this locations on the SAP server, first you need to understand file path format :
Directions of slashes & path format can be different according to the operating system.
Use SAP transaction AL11 to display some folders and see path format :
And then use SAP transaction CG3Z to upload these files to the required locations on server, ( In my example Transport Request number was D21R902709 and D21 was the system ID of SAP system which is this files are exported from )
File names and server locations must be as below :
2. Uploading automatically via ABAP program below.
Just run this ABAP program , enter Transport Request number and select the local folder which contains files.
ABAP Code :
REPORT znovaline_tr_uploader. SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF LINE. SELECTION-SCREEN COMMENT 1(20) gv_rqt FOR FIELD p_req MODIF ID rq. PARAMETERS : p_req LIKE e071-trkorr MODIF ID rq. SELECTION-SCREEN END OF LINE. SELECTION-SCREEN SKIP. SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF LINE. SELECTION-SCREEN COMMENT 1(20) gv_fld FOR FIELD p_folder MODIF ID fl. PARAMETERS : p_folder(50) DEFAULT 'C:\SAP_TRANSPORT_FILES\' MODIF ID fl. SELECTION-SCREEN END OF LINE. DATA : gv_dir_trans_path LIKE cst_rswatch01_alv-dirname, gv_slash ,gv_dotname_cofile(20), gv_dotname_data(20), gv_path_cofile LIKE sapb-sappfad, gv_path_data LIKE sapb-sappfad. DATA gv_front_path_cofile LIKE sapb-sappfad. DATA gv_front_path_data LIKE sapb-sappfad. DATA gv_err. INITIALIZATION. gv_rqt = 'Transport Request :'. gv_fld = 'Local Folder:'. START-OF-SELECTION. *--1-- Path of DIR_TRANS folder : CALL 'C_SAPGPARAM' ID 'NAME' FIELD 'DIR_TRANS' ID 'VALUE' FIELD gv_dir_trans_path. * --2-- Slash type : FIND '\' IN gv_dir_trans_path. IF sy-subrc EQ 0. gv_slash = '\'. ELSE. gv_slash = '/'. ENDIF. * --3-- Cofiles / Data File Paths : CONCATENATE : 'K' p_req+4 '.' p_req(3) INTO gv_dotname_cofile, gv_dir_trans_path gv_slash 'cofiles' gv_slash gv_dotname_cofile INTO gv_path_cofile, 'R' p_req+4 '.' p_req(3) INTO gv_dotname_data, gv_dir_trans_path gv_slash 'data' gv_slash gv_dotname_data INTO gv_path_data. * --4-- Upload CONCATENATE p_folder gv_dotname_cofile INTO gv_front_path_cofile. CONCATENATE p_folder gv_dotname_data INTO gv_front_path_data. " Upload Cofile : PERFORM upload_file USING gv_path_cofile gv_front_path_cofile gv_err. CHECK gv_err IS INITIAL. " Upload Data : PERFORM upload_file USING gv_path_data gv_front_path_data gv_err. FORM upload_file USING ip_server_path ip_front_path ep_err. DATA lv_server_path LIKE sapb-sappfad. DATA lv_front_path LIKE sapb-sappfad. CLEAR ep_err. lv_server_path = ip_server_path. lv_front_path = ip_front_path. CALL FUNCTION 'ARCHIVFILE_CLIENT_TO_SERVER' EXPORTING path = lv_front_path targetpath = lv_server_path EXCEPTIONS error_file = 1 no_authorization = 2 OTHERS = 3. IF sy-subrc <> 0. WRITE :/ 'Error uploading file'. ep_err = 'X'. ENDIF. ENDFORM.
( Note : it’s very easy to return this program to a Transport Request downloader as well, I can share ABAP code about it if you just message me )
Step 2 : Import Transport Request & Install (STMS)
Go to SAP transaction STMS on your development system and use menu path Extras -> Other Requests -> Add as shown below :
The following screen will appear as a popup as below.
Enter the Transport Request number (D21R902709 in my example) and hit enter.
Tansport Request will be added to the queue , now you can select and import it to your system.
Installation is complete ,
Thanks reading !
Bulent Balci – Novaline Information Tech.
( P.S. This is a cross posted blog – For original source please click here )