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Author's profile photo Lucia Subatin

Upgrading SAP HANA, express edition to SPS04

If you’ve been patiently waiting for the release of SAP HANA, express edition 2.0 SPS04 and are now ready to upgrade your existing HXE instance, this blog post is for you.

I have a similar blog post for an upgrade between revisions here in the context of following the openSAP course and getting a hold of the Cloud Application Programming model wizard.

The same prerequisites apply, only a bit more exaggerated:

  • If this is a serious/important machine to you, back everything up. Make sure you can restore everything so that you won’t go around chasing me on social media if something goes horribly wrong. I personally make a copy of the virtual machine if I can.
  • This will take time. For me, in the cloud with 40GB of RAM allocated only to this VM it took 1:30hs.
  • Add more RAM if you have the chance. If you get an “HTTP communication error” in the middle, lack of resources are a very likely cause. Playing game son you PC while the VM is upgrading on it is not a good idea.
  • Make sure you will not run out of disk in the process (a command like df -h can give you a hint – plan to use at least 6GB )

The steps are easy…

You will need to install libatomic1

You will need to be a sudoer for this, By default, in the downloadable virtual machine, hxeadm is a sudoear. In the cloud machines, you need to go back to being root or your admin user (command exit).

sudo zypper addrepo http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/leap/15.0/repo/oss/ oss
sudo zypper install libatomic1

 

Run the update checker

This will connect to the download repository and start downloading different packages.

If you are not hxeadm, become hxeadm (sudo su – hxeadm ):

export PATH=${PATH}:/hana/shared/HXE/xs/sapjvm_8/bin
/usr/sap/HXE/home/bin/HXECheckUpdate_linux.bin -a

Inflate files

You will now extract the zipped files… (add any other .tgz files you downloaded)

cd /usr/sap/HXE/home/Downloads
tar -xvzf hxe.tgz
tar -xvzf hxexsa.tgz 

You can remove the files you downloaded to save space

rm /usr/sap/HXE/home/Downloads/hxe.tgz
rm /usr/sap/HXE/home/Downloads/hxexsa.tgz

Upgrade time!

You also need to be a sudoer now. If you are hxeadm and in a cloud VM, command “exit” will take you back to your root user.

sudo /usr/sap/HXE/home/Downloads/HANA_EXPRESS_20/hxe_upgrade.sh

You will be asked for the passwords of your different admin users (for hxeadm, HXEHana1 is the default password if you haven’t changed … but you should have changed it):

 

Play time!

After at least an hour and a lot of console output, you should get a nice message

Remember you need to see “1/1” after a started app before you can connect to it:

Troubleshooting

If something goes wrong:

  1. Gather error messages:
    1. From the output and the logs. The logs from installation can be found in a file similar to: /var/tmp/hdb_HXE_hdblcm_update_2019-08-02_23.32.28/xs_install_components.log and /var/tmp/hdb_HXE_UpdateRepository_2019-08-02_23.45.28/hdbupdrep.log
    2. If you get a message that says “to see installation logs use…”, do as it says
    3. In some cases, command  xs logs –recent deploy-service  can have some useful info
  2. Google for your error messages (remove special characters and IDs… you may not be the first one with this problem)
  3. If you cannot find a response, document what you have done, where (a downloadable VM, a binary install in an alternative OS, a cloud image..), the error messages in those logs, how many attempts you’ve done and any other information that may help the community help you. With all of this info, create a question in the community and tag it SAP HANA, express edition.

Hope it all goes smoothly and you have lots of fun!

Lucia Subatin.

 

 

 

 

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      9 Comments
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      Author's profile photo Praveer Sen
      Praveer Sen

      Hi Lucia,

      Thanks for providing details steps to upgrade HXE addition.

      On upgrading process I am getting below error message. Can you please help me to resolve the below issue and continue with upgrade process.

      Regards,

      Praveer.

      Author's profile photo Lucia Subatin
      Lucia Subatin
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Praveer, did you download and unzip eml.tgz too? Is this a local VM or cloud?

      Author's profile photo Praveer Sen
      Praveer Sen

      Hi Lucia,

      This is in local VM.

      eml.tgz got downloaded in “/usr/sap/HXE/home/bin/HXECheckUpdate_linux.bin -a” step along with other required packages.

      Regards,

      Praveer.

      Author's profile photo Praveer Sen
      Praveer Sen

      Hi Lucia,

      I have downloaded and unzip eml.tgz, but still getting the same error.

      Regards,

      Praveer

      Author's profile photo Lucia Subatin
      Lucia Subatin
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Praveer,

      We've been unable to reproduce this issues. Can you please share the output of:

      • HDB version
      • cat /usr/sap/HXE/SYS/global/hdb/hxe_info.txt
      • sudo /hana/shared/HXE/hdblcm/hdblcm --action check_installation
      • md5sum /usr/sap/HXE/home/Downloads/eml.tgz

      Thanks,

      Lucia.

      Author's profile photo Steffen Schmidt
      Steffen Schmidt

      Hi,

      I had the exactly the same issue. To fix it I downloaded the eml.tgz with the Download Manager that you use to download the VM image. Then I copied the archive into the Downloads folder of the VM and extracted it.

      Then the upgraded worked.

      Best Regards,

      Steffen

      Author's profile photo Radu Simen
      Radu Simen

      This tutorial worked 100% for upgrading SPS04 to latest version with the following comment : I have SHINE installed so I had to download, copy, inflate SHINE also before the upgrade because there is an warning to skip it. After updating HDB, I saw that SHINE update did not upgraded anything whatsoever so the warning may be ignored

      Author's profile photo SAP BASIS
      SAP BASIS

      Hi guys!

      EDIT: (see solution below)

      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/home/bin> HXEDownloadManager_linux.bin -d /usr/sap/HXE/home/Downloads/ "linuxx86_64" "installer" hxe.tgz
      Connecting to download server...
      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/home/bin> HXEDownloadManager_linux.bin -d /usr/sap/HXE/home/Downloads/ "linuxx86_64" "installer" hxexsa.tgz
      Connecting to download server...
      

      Trying to do the Upgrade in a local VM based setup. Can’t find the updater in bin

      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/HDB90> ls /usr/sap/HXE/home/bin/
      change_key.sh 
      create_tenantdb.sh 
      HXEDownloadManager_linux.bin 
      hxe_gc.sh 
      hxe_telemetry.sh 
      register_cockpit.sh
      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/HDB90>
      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/HDB90> HDB -version
      HDB version info:
      version: 2.00.020.00.1500920972
      branch: fa/hana2sp02
      git hash: 7f63b0aa11dca2ea54d450aa302319302c2eeaca
      git merge time: 2017-07-24 20:29:32
      weekstone: 0000.00.0
      compile date: 2017-07-24 20:35:12
      compile host: ld4551
      compile type: rel
      
      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/HDB90> cat /usr/sap/HXE/SYS/global/hdb/hxe_info.txt
      [hxe_version]
      HANA, express edition=2.00.020.01.20170829.3
      #
      HDB_AFL=2.00.020.00
      HDB_LCM=2.00.020.00
      HDB_SERVER=2.00.020.00
      #
      XSA_RT=1.0.63
      XSAC_COCKPIT=2.3.7
      XSAC_HRTT=2.2.6
      XSAC_MONITORING=1.5.2
      XSAC_PORTAL_SERV=1.1.1
      XSAC_SAP_WEB_IDE=4.2.0
      XSAC_SERVICES=1.5.3
      XSAC_UI5_FESV3=1.44.18
      #
      [hxe_installation]
      INSTALL_TYPE=OVA
      INSTALL_DATE=Fri Sep 29 11:42:50 UTC 2017
      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/HDB90> /hana/shared/HXE/hdblcm/hdblcm -action check_installation
      
      
      SAP HANA Lifecycle Management - SAP HANA Express Edition 2.00.020.00.1500920972
      *******************************************************************************
      
      
      System Properties:
      HXE /hana/shared/HXE HDB_ALONE
      HDB90
      version: 2.00.020.00.1500920972
      host: hxehost (Database Worker (worker), XS Advanced Runtime Worker (xs_worker))
      edition: SAP HANA Express Edition
      plugins: afl
      
      Enter System Administrator (hxeadm) Password:
      
      Summary before execution:
      =========================
      
      SAP HANA Express Edition
      Check Parameters
      Execution Scope: system
      Property File: /hana/shared/HXE/global/hdb/install/support/hdbcheck.xml
      
      Do you want to continue? (y/n): y
      
      Checking SAP HANA Express Edition System installation ...
      Checking SAP HANA system 'HXE'...
      Checking programs (check pending)...
      Checking system administrator 'hxeadm'...
      Checking local directories...
      Checking global directories...
      Checking directories of SAP HANA options...
      Checking volumes...
      SAP HANA Express Edition System checked.
      Log file written to '/var/tmp/hdb_HXE_hdblcm_check_installation_2020-05-25_18.16.17/hdblcm.log' on host 'hxehost'.
      Author's profile photo SAP BASIS
      SAP BASIS

      UPDATE (fix below)

      note 2786650 - ERR Error: Could not retrieve the download URL for Node.js: Error: certificate has expired
      
      XSA reset-certificate
      Stopping XSA …
      Starting XSA …
      OK
      
      Cross your fingers and re-run updater...
      
      Seems to do in our case. Good luck!
      

      The update didn’t went well:

      xs apps
      
      FAILED: Request has invalid access token: revocable signature mismatch.

       

      cat /usr/sap/HXE/SYS/global/hdb/hxe_info.txt

      Still shows old version

       

      Install check looks nice, version info shows patch version

      hxeadm@hxehost:/usr/sap/HXE/home/bin> HDB -version
      HDB version info:
      version: 2.00.045.00.1575639312
      branch: fa/hana2sp04
      machine config: linuxx86_64
      git hash: af3aabc5a5cdb94ecbc7c07d0997d0bd4ae0046b
      git merge time: 2019-12-06 14:35:12
      weekstone: 0000.00.0
      cloud edition: 0000.00.00
      compile date: 2019-12-06 15:29:38
      compile host: ld5144
      compile type: rel

      I guess it’s because one part of the update failed:

       [31] Uploading files for application auditlog-db
      Update content of XS Advanced Runtime failed
      Output line 166: [31] com.sap.xs2rt.installation.util.InstallationException: Updating of application Audit-Log Service (DB) failed.
      Output line 214: | [34] Update of Auditlog Broker bindings | 01:00:00.000 | 01:00:00.000 | 0 ns | not run |
      Output line 224: com.sap.xs2rt.installation.util.InstallationException: Updating of application Audit-Log Service (DB) failed.
      Update of SAP HANA Express Edition components failed.
      Update of SAP HANA XS Advanced Runtime failed
      [31] Caused by: com.sap.xs2rt.client.exceptions.XsClientException: Staging of app "auditlog-db" failed
      Caused by: com.sap.xs2rt.client.exceptions.XsClientException: Staging of app "auditlog-db" failed
      Installation failed
      error installing
      Cannot install
      Custom event postInstall failed
      Update content of XS Advanced Runtime failed
      Starting external program /hana/shared/HXE/xs/installation-scripts/installation/update-content
       Output line 147: [31] Staging application auditlog-db
      Output line 148: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:33.937 PM [STG/3] OUT Node.js
      Output line 149: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.161 PM [STG/3] OUT Node.js buildpack version 4.1.0
      Output line 150: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.163 PM [STG/3] OUT Available Node.js runtimes: node6.11,node10.17,node4.8,node8.15
      Output line 151: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.189 PM [STG/3] ERR Error: Could not retrieve the download URL for Node.js: Error: certificate has expired (connecting to hxehost:39030)
      Output line 152: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.189 PM [STG/3] ERR Error: Could not retrieve the download URL for Node.js: Error: certificate has expired (connecting to hxehost:39030)
      Output line 153: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.189 PM [STG/3] ERR at Request._callback (/hana/shared/HXE/xs/app_working/stager/cache/64cc4cdd-5965-4999-b4c3-b2cd5cc7750e/lib/utils.js:68:16)
      Output line 154: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.189 PM [STG/3] ERR at self.callback (/hana/shared/HXE/xs/app_working/stager/cache/64cc4cdd-5965-4999-b4c3-b2cd5cc7750e/node_modules/request/request.js:185:22)
      Output line 155: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.189 PM [STG/3] ERR at emitOne (events.js:116:13)
      Output line 156: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.189 PM [STG/3] ERR at Request.emit (events.js:211:7)
      Output line 157: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.189 PM [STG/3] ERR at Request.onRequestError (/hana/shared/HXE/xs/app_working/stager/cache/64cc4cdd-5965-4999-b4c3-b2cd5cc7750e/node_modules/request/request.js:881:8)
      Output line 158: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.190 PM [STG/3] ERR at emitOne (events.js:116:13)
      Output line 159: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.190 PM [STG/3] ERR at ClientRequest.emit (events.js:211:7)
      Output line 160: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.190 PM [STG/3] ERR at TLSSocket.socketErrorListener (_http_client.js:401:9)
      Output line 161: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.190 PM [STG/3] ERR at emitOne (events.js:116:13)
      Output line 162: [31] 5/26/20 5:53:34.190 PM [STG/3] ERR at TLSSocket.emit (events.js:211:7)
      Output line 163: [31] [STG/3] ERR Execution of bin/compile failed (exit value 1)
      Output line 164: [31] [STG/3] ERR Failed to stage app 'auditlog-db' [Org 'HANAExpress', Space 'SAP']: Execution of bin/compile failed (exit value 1).
      Output line 165: [31] ERROR:
      Output line 166: [31] com.sap.xs2rt.installation.util.InstallationException: Updating of application Audit-Log Service (DB) failed.
      Output line 167: [31] at com.sap.xs2rt.installation.impl.hana.content.components.AuditLogServiceDbStep.update(AuditLogServiceDbStep.java:162)
      Output line 168: [31] at com.sap.xs2rt.installation.steps.InstallationStep.updateAndMeasure(InstallationStep.java:171)
      Output line 169: [31] at com.sap.xs2rt.installation.procedures.InstallationProcedure.executeStep(InstallationProcedure.java:123)
      Output line 170: [31] at com.sap.xs2rt.installation.procedures.InstallationProcedure.perform(InstallationProcedure.java:218)
      Output line 171: [31] at com.sap.xs2rt.installation.impl.hana.content.HanaContentInstallUpdateProcedure.main(HanaContentInstallUpdateProcedure.java:122)
      Output line 172: [31] Caused by: com.sap.xs2rt.client.exceptions.XsClientException: Staging of app "auditlog-db" failed

       

      There is an error with the certificate validity?

      How to fix the upgrade?