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Creating custom UI5 control from D3 chart

In this blog post I will be sharing how you can implement a D3 chart in SAP UI5 as custom control. Over the last couple of weeks I have been exploring D3.js, the JavaScript visualization library that allows you to programmatically create SVG visualizations on the basis of a data set.

D3 stands for Data Driven Documents, which creates graphical visualization based on the data. The requirement for our project was to create a tree structure where the parents may have many children with different properties, and we needed to represent their state in different colors as well.

There is a similar chart available on D3 gallery.

This is how it looks like.

 

For implementing this in any HTML page. You can use this code directly over your page. But I wanted to integrate it with our SAP UI5 page. I also wanted it to be reusable on different pages with dynamic binding. I wanted tool-tips and other color visualizations on this chart. Along with this, I needed it to be aligned with our UI5 user experience. So, I chose to make a Custom control out of this and change it as per our requirements.

There were a lot of things I’ve written while creating this control, but here I’m explaining only the basic part of that.

For our control these are the properties & methods

Properties:

Id : String

Methods:

setData(data) : to set data to be bonded with the chart

 

sap.ui.core.Control.extend('monitoring.TreeChart', {
  metadata: {
    properties: {
      id: {
        type: 'string',
        defaultValue: ""
      },
    }
  },
  init: function () {
    this.treeData = {};
  },
  setData: function (d) {
    this.treeData = d;
  },
  renderer: function (oRm, oControl) {
    oRm.write("<div");
    oRm.writeControlData(oControl);
    oRm.addClass("svgBoxBorder");
    oRm.writeClasses();
    oRm.write(">");
    oRm.write("</div>");
  },

  noData: function () {
    var text = d3v4.select("#" + this.getId())
      .append('div')
      .attr('class', 'noData')
      .html("No Data");
  },

  createTree: function (treeData) {
    // Set the dimensions and margins of the diagram
    var margin = {
        top: 20,
        right: 90,
        bottom: 30,
        left: 150
      },
      width = 960 - margin.left - margin.right,
      height = 500 - margin.top - margin.bottom;

    // append the svg object to the body of the page
    // appends a 'group' element to 'svg'
    // moves the 'group' element to the top left margin
    var svg = d3v4.select("#" + this.getId())
      .append("svg")
      .attr("width", width + margin.right + margin.left)
      .attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
      .append("g")
      .attr("transform", "translate(" +
        margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");

    var i = 0,
      duration = 750,
      root;

    // declares a tree layout and assigns the size
    var treemap = d3v4.tree().size([height, width]);

    // Assigns parent, children, height, depth
    root = d3v4.hierarchy(treeData, function (d) {
      return d.children;
    });
    root.x0 = height / 2;
    root.y0 = 0;

    // Collapse after the second level
    root.children.forEach(collapse);

    update(root);

    // Collapse the node and all it's children
    function collapse(d) {
      if (d.children) {
        d._children = d.children
        d._children.forEach(collapse)
        d.children = null
      }
    }

    function update(source) {

      // Assigns the x and y position for the nodes
      var treeData = treemap(root);

      // Compute the new tree layout.
      var nodes = treeData.descendants(),
        links = treeData.descendants().slice(1);

      // Normalize for fixed-depth.
      nodes.forEach(function (d) {
        d.y = d.depth * 250
      });

      // ****************** Nodes section ***************************

      // Update the nodes...
      var node = svg.selectAll('g.node')
        .data(nodes, function (d) {
          return d.id || (d.id = ++i);
        });

      // Add Circle for the nodes
      nodeEnter.append('circle')
        .attr('class', 'node')
        .attr('r', 1e-6)
        .style("stroke", function (d) {
          if (d.data.color == "GREEN")
            return ("#61a656 ");
          else if (d.data.color == "RED")
            return ("#d32030 ");
          else if (d.data.color == "AMBER")
            return ("#e17b24");
        });

      // Add labels for the nodes
      nodeEnter.append('text')
        .attr("dy", ".35em")
        .attr("x", function (d) {
          return d.children || d._children ? -13 : 13;
        })
        .attr("text-anchor", function (d) {
          return d.children || d._children ? "end" : "start";
        })
        .text(function (d) {
          return d.data.DisplayName;
        });

      // UPDATE
      var nodeUpdate = nodeEnter.merge(node);

      // Transition to the proper position for the node
      nodeUpdate.transition()
        .duration(duration)
        .attr("transform", function (d) {
          return "translate(" + d.y + "," + d.x + ")";
        });

      // Update the node attributes and style
      nodeUpdate.select('circle.node')
        .attr('r', 3)
        .attr('cursor', 'pointer')
        .style("fill", function (d) {
          if (d.data.color == "GREEN")
            return ("#61a656 ");
          else if (d.data.color == "RED")
            return ("#d32030 ");
          else if (d.data.color == "AMBER")
            return ("#e17b24");
        });

      // Remove any exiting nodes
      var nodeExit = node.exit().transition()
        .duration(duration)
        .attr("transform", function (d) {
          return "translate(" + source.y + "," + source.x + ")";
        })
        .remove();

      // On exit reduce the node circles size to 0
      nodeExit.select('circle')
        .attr('r', 1e-6);

      // On exit reduce the opacity of text labels
      nodeExit.select('text')
        .style('fill-opacity', 1e-6);

      // ****************** links section ***************************

      // Update the links...
      var link = svg.selectAll('path.link')
        .data(links, function (d) {
          return d.id;
        });

      // Enter any new links at the parent's previous position.
      var linkEnter = link.enter().insert('path', "g")
        .attr("class", "link")
        .attr('d', function (d) {
          var o = {
            x: source.x0,
            y: source.y0
          }
          return diagonal(o, o)
        })
        .style("stroke", function (d) {
          if (d.data.color == "GREEN")
            return ("#c2dcbe");
          else if (d.data.color == "RED")
            return ("#f8aaa0");
          else if (d.data.color == "AMBER")
            return ("#fce1a4");
        });

      // UPDATE
      var linkUpdate = linkEnter.merge(link);

      // Transition back to the parent element position
      linkUpdate.transition()
        .duration(duration)
        .attr('d', function (d) {
          return diagonal(d, d.parent)
        });

      // Remove any exiting links
      var linkExit = link.exit().transition()
        .duration(duration)
        .attr('d', function (d) {
          var o = {
            x: source.x,
            y: source.y
          }
          return diagonal(o, o)
        })
        .remove();

      // Store the old positions for transition.
      nodes.forEach(function (d) {
        d.x0 = d.x;
        d.y0 = d.y;
      });

      // Creates a curved (diagonal) path from parent to the child nodes
      function diagonal(s, d) {
        path = "M " + s.y + " " + s.x +
          " C " + ((s.y + d.y) / 2) + " " + s.x + ", " +
          ((s.y + d.y) / 2) + " " + d.x + ", " +
          d.y + " " + d.x;
        return path
      }

      // Toggle children on click.
      function click(d) {
        if (d.children) {
          d._children = d.children;
          d.children = null;
        } else {
          d.children = d._children;
          d._children = null;
        }

        if (!(d.children || d._children)) {
          sap.ui.controller("com.sap.monitoring.modules.topology.TopologyController").onDialogOpen(d);
        }
        update(d);
      }

      //On mouse hover on node show tooltip
      function onMouseOver(d, e) {
        var colorHtml = '<td class="tooltipValue greyText">Failed';
        if (d.data.color == "GREEN")
          colorHtml = '<td class="tooltipValue greenText">Ok';
        else if (d.data.color == "RED")
          colorHtml = '<td class="tooltipValue redText">Danger';
        else if (d.data.color == "AMBER")
          colorHtml = '<td class="tooltipValue amberText">Caution';
        else if (d.data.color == "UNKNOWN")
          colorHtml = '<td class="tooltipValue greyText">Failed';
        else if (d.data.color == "DISABLED")
          colorHtml = '<td class="tooltipValue greyText">Disabled';

        var htmlText = '<table><tr><td class="tooltipLabel">Name:</td><td class="tooltipValue">' + d.data.DisplayName + '</td></tr>' +
          '<tr><td class="tooltipLabel">Watch Name:</td><td class="tooltipValue">' + d.data.WatchName + '</td></tr>' +
          '<tr><td class="tooltipLabel">State:</td>' + colorHtml + '</td></tr></table>';

        var x = d.y;
        var y = d.x;
        if (y > 400) {
          return d3v4.select(".svgBoxBorder")
            .append("div")
            .attr("class", "tooltipBox")
            .style("top", (y - 120) + "px")
            .style("left", (x + 80) + "px")
            .html(htmlText)
            .style("visibility", "visible");
        }
        return d3v4.select(".svgBoxBorder")
          .append("div")
          .attr("class", "tooltipBox")
          .style("top", (y + 40) + "px")
          .style("left", (x + 80) + "px")
          .html(htmlText)
          .style("visibility", "visible");
      }

      //On mouse out on node remove tooltip
      function onMouseOut() {
        d3v4.selectAll(".tooltipBox").remove();
      }
    }
  },

  onAfterRendering: function () {
    var treeData = this.treeData;
    if (treeData.children.length > 0) {
      this.createTree(treeData);
    } else {
      this.noData();
    }
  }
});

Now while using this control you can can call the constructor just like any other UI5 control and set data to it by calling setData() function.

var oTreeChart = new monitoring.TreeChart({
			id:"tree_chart"
		 });
oTreeChart.setData(treeData);

Or if you want to use it in XML View then you can use it like this and set data in the controller.

<TreeChart id="tree_chart"></TreeChart>

in controller

var oTreeChart=this.getView().byId("tree_chart");
oTreeChart.setData(treeData);

Here treeData is a JSON object containing the Display Name & status(color) of the nodes.

Finally this is how it looks like.

 

SAPUI5 is an excellent framework to quickly develop web applications & D3 is one of the best library for implementing data visualization by means of graphs. Here together they make both the development and user experience easier and smooth.

I hope this implementation of D3 as UI5 control will help you. Feel free to ask if you need any clarification while implementing it.

 

1 Comment
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  • Hi Amiya,

     

    Nice Blog!

    Do you have any git, jsbin or fiddle to check the code. I am facing some difficulties in implementing it?