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Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam

S/4HANA with Embedded PP/DS Functionality

SAP APO (Advanced Planning and Optimization) application has been transformed into SAP IBP (Integrated Business Planning) and S/4HANA (Business suite 4).

The below picture at a glance overall application merge with successor modules exchange IBP and S/4HANA. In this blog focused on Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS) functionality with S/4HANA.

Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling (PP/DS)

SAP S/4HANA for Manufacturing planning and scheduling Comprehensive Plan to Produce in ONE System is a great advantage to plan production process very detailed level.

PP/DS planning and scheduling features available in SAP S/4HANA

  • Constraint-based capacity planning, scheduling & optimization
  • Heuristic framework
  • Industry-specific features (RPM, MMP & CBP).
  • Simulation versions and transactional simulation.
  • Supports various manufacturing models:
    • Make to Stock
    • Make to Order
    • Engineer to Order

One MRP

  • One MRP planning runs for classical MRP planning and advanced PPDS heuristics.
  • One low-level code calculation

Simplicity and Seamless Integration

  • One coherent application, consistent look at feel, intuitive navigation PP/DS is an integral part of S4/HANA (not an add-on, not a side-by-side installation).
  • Simplified master data and integration model maintenance.

Utilize HANA (HANA only)

  • Fast MRP [ One MRP for infinite planning ]
  • liveCacheis integral part of HANA, just one database to manage

PPDS mainly covers the following requirements.

  • To create procurement proposals for in-house production or external procurement to cover product requirements
  • To optimize and plan the resource schedule and the order dates/times in detail

You can take the resource and component availability into account here. Above all, PP/DS is used to plan critical products, such as products with long replenishment lead times or products that are produced on bottleneck resources. You can use PP/DS to create executable production plans and:

  • Reduce lead times
  • Increase on-time delivery performance
  • Increase the throughput of products and reduce the stock costs, through better coordination of resources, production, and procurement

Basic Configuration Settings

Advanced planning function activation

In order to switch Advanced Planning function, you have to enter Customizing (transaction SPRO) Advanced Planning  -> Basic Settings -> Activate Advanced Planning and Scheduling.Once this advanced planning function activated the following SAP Fiori apps can be accessed.

  • Monitor Capacity Utilization
  • Production Scheduling Board
  • MRP app Create Optimal Orders for Shipment
The apps activated by the Advanced Planning and Scheduling switch are not part of the standard SAP S/4HANA Enterprise license. A dedicated license for Advanced Planning and Scheduling is required if this switch is set to Active.

Data transfer settings

Define the transaction data that can be transferred from SAP ERP to SAP APO and vice versa. In other words, you can select for transfer those order types that should be advanced planning-relevant this includes:

Global Settings – Global Parameters

The system will only use these default values if you have not specified any values in the master data or the applications. Check the parameters delivered in the standard system or maintain your own parameters and profiles and assign them.

Set up the Model and Planning Version (Transaction /SAPAPO/MVM)

Set up the Model ‘000’ and Version ‘000’ manually and check whether they exist. The PP/DS Horizon can only be maintained at the level of planning versions in SAP S/4HANA and it is not possible at Product-Location combination.

Core Interface settings (CIF)

Access CIF integration settings and maintain as below to communicate data transfer within the same instance.

Integration via Core Interface (CIF) -> Integration -> Basis Settings for Creating the System Landscape

Name Logical System

Assign a Logical System to a Client

Set Up RFC Destination (self RFC as classic tRFC (transaction SM59)

Maintain Business System Group (For the APO part)

Assign Logical System and Queue Type

Maintain Operating Mode (ECC Part) (transaction CFC1)

Specify SAP APO Release (Transaction NDV2)

Master Data Creation and Transfer

Setup and activation of Locations

Location Type, Business Partner (1021), replaces Customer (1010) and Vendor (1011)Execute reports mentioned below create and update locations

  • Create – /SAPAPO/CREATE_LOCATION for creating Business Partner location, Plant, MRP Area and Shipping Point.
  • Update – /SAPAPO/UPD_LOC_SP_PL for updating Plant, MRP Area and Shipping Point

Setup and activation of Materials

SCM Product Master is integrated into the SAP S/4HANA Product Master with CDS Redirects on material master.

  • Local material creation in PP/DS is not supported.
  • Activate PP/DS Materials by selecting the “Advanced Planning” checkbox in the “Advanced Planning” tab of the material master.

Material master ->Advanced Planning -> Advanced Planning (Transaction MM03)

After activation of advanced planning function material PPDS product master updated automatically.

Product master (Transaction /SAPAPO/MAT1)

Setup and activation of Resources

  • Local resource creation in PP/DS is not supported.
  • Enable Target-System independent Settings in CIF (Transaction CFC9) to enable “APO Resources” in Work Center Capacity: header tab. This is required to send to PP/DS different resource types and resource categories. This would be required to transfer handling unit, calendar resources etc.
  • Activate PP/DS work centers by selecting the “Advanced planning” checkbox.

Work center -> Basic data -> Advanced Planning (Transaction CR03)

After activation of advanced planning fucntion in work center resource information updated in PPDS function automatically.

Resource (Transaction /SAPAPO/RES01)

Setup and activation of Source of Supply

In-house production:

  • BOM for phantom assemblies mandatorily need production versions and need to be transferred to PP/DS using CURTOADV_CREATE.

The prerequisite to transfer PDS is to create BOM, Work center, Routing and production version.

Production data structure (Transaction /SAPAPO/CURTO_SIMU)

Here is the simple production structure.

Finished material – F-100-102

Raw material – R-100-102

External Procurement: (not focused on this blog about external procurement).

  • Create the integration model for scheduling agreements, contracts, and purchasing info records which need to be integrated to PP/DS should be used using integration model maintenance and activate it

Process Execution

The first step starts with the forecast update for finished material F-100-102.

Creation of PIR (Planned independent requirements) – (Transaction MD61)

Stock requirement list (Transaction MD04)

Product view (/SAPAPO/RRP3)

Forecast automatically transfers to PPDS function and able to display forecast in production view.

Production planning run (/SAPAPO/CDPSB0)

You use the production planning run to execute planning online or in the background for selected objects. In this case, online planning is only suitable for small data quantities (for example, for test purposes), while you implement background planning for mass planning. Depending on the planning problem being solved, you use heuristics, PP/DS optimization, or Detailed Scheduling (DS) functions in the production planning run. In the production planning run, you can execute various planning tasks in several consecutive processing steps using different heuristics or functions. For example, you could first execute procurement planning for products with uncovered product requirements using a product heuristic, and then execute sequence optimization on the relevant bottleneck resources.

After planning run completed planned orders created (stock requirement list).

Heuristic run executed at multilevel and purchase requisitions created for raw material R-100-102.

The same requirements updated in product view automatically by the heuristic run.

Production detailed scheduling board

You schedule interactively with the help of the detailed scheduling planning board to solve scheduling problems at resources; for example, problems with dates and sequencing problems.The following standard heuristics are supported while working with Production Scheduling Board

  • SAP001 – Schedule Sequence
  • SAP002 – Remove Backlog
  • SAP003 – Schedule Sequence Manually (Fiori UI pop-up supported)
  • SAP004 – Minimize Runtime
  • SAP005 – Schedule Operations
  • SAP_DS_01 – Stable Forward Scheduling
  • SAP_DS_02 – Enhanced Backward Scheduling
  • SAP_DS_03 – Change Fixing/Planning Intervals
  • SAP_DS_04 – Activate Seq.-Dependent Setup Activities

Production Scheduling Board Fiori Application

Monitor Capacity Utilization Fiori Application

Conclusion

This blog explained about basic configuration settings and process execution at a high-level with S/4HANA embedded PPDS.

Additional References

https://help.sap.com/viewer/2b37de3188714044ae00efda7583a428/1809.000/en-US/69f3055130534338e10000000a154ce5.html

I would very much appreciate your comments and suggestions.
Best Regards,

Lingaiah

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      36 Comments
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      Author's profile photo Ashish Jha
      Ashish Jha

      Thank you Lingaiah for posting this Blog. It is very helpful.

      But I have failed to understand why CIF is actually required still now when the PPDS is part of S4 HANA only? Could you kindly help to understand that.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks for your message Ashish Jha

      CIF is not required now to transfer data because PPDS embedded with S/4HAN.

      Author's profile photo Kenneth Snyder
      Kenneth Snyder

      Not totally true.  CIF is not required for transactional data but still required for some master data objects.

      Author's profile photo Ramamoorthy Balakrishnan
      Ramamoorthy Balakrishnan

      Thanks lingaiah for the blog.very informative.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you for your comment Ramamoorthy Balakrishnan

      Author's profile photo Pravin Mandgaonkar
      Pravin Mandgaonkar
      1. Thanks for nice insight on PPDS
      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks for your message Pravin Mandgaonkar

      Author's profile photo Chandramouli P
      Chandramouli P

      Thanks for sharing the information. It's really helpful.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Chandramouli!

      Author's profile photo Guru Prasad
      Guru Prasad

      Nice blog.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Guru!

      Author's profile photo Ravinder Bada Narayana
      Ravinder Bada Narayana

      Good blog thanks for sharing.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Ravinder!

      Author's profile photo Suresh Kumar Angara
      Suresh Kumar Angara

      Nice blog about PP/DS in S/4HANA.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Suresh!

      Author's profile photo VARESH N
      VARESH N

      Excellent blog and good information S/4HANA PPDS.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Varesh!

      Author's profile photo Pedro Burckhardt
      Pedro Burckhardt

       

      Hi , this is a pre-check list before you start with basic settings

       

      • Set up integrated liveCache and the relevant operational jobs by following the SAP S/4HANA installation and operations guide.  Also refer SAP note 2407589 (Manual installation of liveCache for S/4HANA).
      • Run the mandatory reports SLCA_INIT_FOLLOW_UP, /SAPAPO/OM_CREATE_LC_TABLES. You can now use transaction LCA03 to check the functionality of the system in an SAP-liveCache-relevant business client.
      • Activate the flag for Advanced Planning in customizing. To activate PP/DS for SAP S/4HANA in customizing, select Advanced Planning > Basic Settings > Activate Advanced Planning and Scheduling
      • Set up the Model '000' and Version '000' manually and check whether they exist. The PP/DS Horizon can only be maintained at the level of planning versions in SAP S/4HANA.
      • Set the application indicator for ND-APO (New Dimension Plug-In APO) to active. (Transaction BF11). Verify if ND-APO and NDI (New Dimension Integration) is checked.
      • Set up the CIF customizing in customizing by choosing Basic Settings for Creating the System Landscape, and by including SAP S/4HANA with system type SAP_APO and release 713 so that an Integration model pointing to itself (own system and client) can be created and logical system and queue types could be maintained. Set up CIF user parameters. Register the CIF queue (Transaction SMQR). There is no need for maintaining distribution definition or publication types as the PP/DS is part of SAP S/4HANA. SAP recommends using CIF Post-Processing as the error-handling option to avoid queue blocks.
      • Verify Configuration Schema in Customizing for whether it matches your business need. Select Advanced Planning > Basic Settings > Define Configuration Schema (CDP or Variant Configuration)
      • Enable number range in PP/DS for SAP S/4HANA in PP/DS global parameters and values (Transaction /SAPAPO/RRPCUST1).  In addition, maintain number ranges for production campaigns and interchangeability groups depending on the usage of these functions.
      • Check if pre-delivered ATP categories exist. Refer S/4HANA Administration Guide for Implementation and SAP Note 2272406 for more information. Activate BC set /SAPAPO/APO_ON_ERP for enabling pre-delivered customizing of Category Groups.
      Author's profile photo Gabriel Longoria
      Gabriel Longoria

      Many Thanks, Pedro! This checklist is very useful.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you for sharing the pre-checks.

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks for updating the configuration settings.

      Author's profile photo Gürkan Engin
      Gürkan Engin

      I wonder that is there an option exist for separate installation of PP/DS and/or aATP ?

       

      Thanks,

      Author's profile photo Marti Kamdem
      Marti Kamdem

      Hi Lingaiah,

      From the printscreens of the capacity utilization above, I can see there are still some overloads situations.

      I understand that the advantage of planning run going from S/4 to PP/DS with MD01N is to use finite scheduling and therefore avoid resource overload.

      Am I correct?

      Also I can see some load in Non-working days. Is there a way to avoid that?

      Thanks

      Martin.

      Author's profile photo Louis Hotho
      Louis Hotho

      Thank you for sharing the information. Unfortunately in our system the Advanced Tab  is not visible in material master. As well the tab is not existing in OMS2 for the relevant material type. Additionally I made the following checks:

      1. Advanced Planning activated in customizing
      2. Activated “NDI” and “ND-APO” in BF11
      3. Field MARC-PPSKZ for Advanced Planning is set to optional in OMS9 and OMSR

      Do you have an idea what could be the reason. We have the release 1909 and S4Core 104.

      Author's profile photo Louis Hotho
      Louis Hotho

      WE had an own master data sequence, so I had to add it from standard master data > see OMT3B screen 88

       

       

      Author's profile photo Claus Thielsen
      Claus Thielsen

      Hi Lingaiah

      I will also thank you for posting this Blog.

       

      I have a question regarding workcenter capacity in the Embedded PP/DS

      In PP/DS in APO you have e.g. the possibility to maintain daily capacity limits through out a week.

      How does the workcenters in S/4 PP work together with the workcenters in the Embedded PP/DS  ?

      Is it the same masterdata or do you still need to maintain the workcenter in both S/4 PP and in S/4 embedded PP/DS  ?

       

      Thanks

      Author's profile photo venkatasaivijay vasireddy
      venkatasaivijay vasireddy

      Very informative blog on Embedded S/4HANA PPDS functionality.

      Vijay

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Vijay!

      Author's profile photo Fernando Leal
      Fernando Leal

      Hi, very good and very clear.

      Thanks and regards,

      Fernando

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Fernando.

      Author's profile photo PRABAKARAN KANAGARAJ
      PRABAKARAN KANAGARAJ

      Hello Lingaiah Vanam

       

      Very good detailed document

       

      Thanks

      Prabakaran Kanagaraj

      Author's profile photo Lingaiah Vanam
      Lingaiah Vanam
      Blog Post Author

      Thank you Prabakaran!

      Author's profile photo Chandra Reddy
      Chandra Reddy

      Hi,

      If you see the Purchase Req Elements in MD04 of your screenshot. All of them are firmed. what is the reason?

       

      Thanks,

      Chandra.

      Author's profile photo Pedro Burckhardt
      Pedro Burckhardt

      Hi Chandra

       

      The reason may the Planning Horizon. There is a slight difference regards APO definition. The SNP horizon is not part of PPDS. You need to check the PPDS and Planning Horizon of the Planning Area setup in the Customizing. By default, both are the Same. Please verify

      Author's profile photo Chandra Reddy
      Chandra Reddy

      Hello Pedro,

       

      Thanks for your reply.

      As we know that, there is no concept called planning horizon in S4 HANA. Planning horizon concept is there in ECC systems. PPDS Horizon is at the Version level in S4 systems but not at Product level.

      This Firming issue is there in  S4 systems. i am expecting the solution if SAP has any.

       

      Thanks,

      Chandra.

      Author's profile photo Nanhe Babu
      Nanhe Babu

      Hi Lingaiah,

      We are trying to plan Unitized Material (Parameter effectivity) in S/4 PPDS. When sending the Production Version via Curtoadv_create, we are getting error that PDS not created because of material is unitized. We see in the note 2666947 that parameter efficiency can be supported with the help of BADI implementation. But we couldn't find any. Could you please let us know if you are aware of it.
      Thanks
      Nanhe Babu