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Author's profile photo Amanpreet Singh Chahota

How to: Create a CBTA test configuration for an SAP FIORI application

CBTA (Component Based Test Automation) is an integrated tool into SAP Solution Manager 7.2 for creating automated test scripts for various UIs.

For a lengthy period, SAP GUI (Graphical User Interface) and WebDynpros were the default interfaces for SAP-Applications. This changed after the introduction of SAPUI5 and FIORI – with the modern and flexible framework SAP created a completely new and appealing frontend for their applications.

Now the importance of testing FIORI applications has increased with that trend. CBTA also supports the frontend scripting of those FIORI Applications.

The overall supported UI technologies are the following:

UI Technology Description
SAP GUI

UI Technology used by SAP Transactions

SAP GUI content displayed in MS Internet Explorer

Web / Plain HTML UI Technology used by non-SAP applications
WebCUIF UI Framework used mainly SAP CRM Web UIs.
SAP UI5 & FIORI UI Framework used by SAP UI5 and Fiori apps

Unified Rendering Light Speed

(LS)

UI Framework common to SAP Applications such as:

• Web Dynpro Application (ABAP)

• Web Dynpro Applications (Java)

• SAP GUI for HTML

BSP Applications based on Business Server Pages
Java Web Dynpro Layer formerly used by Java Web Dynpro applications.

In this blog I want to share how the process of scripting a FIORI Application looks like. I will show you how you can add a FIORI Executable manually to the Solution Documentation and start subsequently the scripting with CBTA.

Preparation: Add a FIORI Executable

 

In case the needed SAP FIORI Application is not in the execution library, you can easily add it manually to your solution. Therefore, navigate to the SAP Fiori apps reference library and search for the app by name, application or industry. In our case we’ll look for “Create Incident”.

 

It is important that you select the correct backend product. As a next step navigate to the “IMPLEMENTATION INFORMATION” tab and open the selection “Configuration”.

 

In the configuration section you will find some technical information about the application. For the executable we need the information listed in the section “Target Mapping(s)”.

 

Now we have the necessary information, to add the executable to the execution library. Navigate to the Solution Documentation –> “Execution Library”. Perform a right click in the Elements Area of the respective executable folder and select the option “New Executable Element”.

 

A pop-up window will appear, where we need to maintain the fields with the information from the Target Mapping(s):

  • Library Element Type: Fiori Application <Exec. Orig.>
  • Name: Process step name/App name and the App ID e.g. Create Incident (F2128)
  • Object: The Semantic Object e.g. Action
  • Action: The Semantic Action e.g. SMCreateIncident

 

The SAP FIORI Executable is now created in the execution library and can be used for scripting.

Create a Test Configuration

 

After adding the executable, we can now use it in an automated CBTA Script (Test configuration). For this, we need to navigate to the respective process step (in our case: “PS_Create_Incident”) and add the executable before creating a test configuration. Perform a right click in the elements area and choose “New” –> “Executable”. Search for the recently added executable and click on “OK”.

 

After adding the FIORI Executable in the correct Solution Documentation node, we are prepared for creating a test configuration. Therefore, perform a right click in the elements area again and choose “New” –> “Test Cases” –> “Test Configuration (Create)”. Fill out the necessary fields and click on “OK”.

 

Make sure that all the necessary fields like “Target System”, “Executable” and “Test Profile” are filled out. In case they are not, navigate to “Goto” –> “SUT Management” and check the sections “Technical Destination” and “Business Destination Enhancement Details”.

 

Since CBTA supports both the recording and execution with the Chrome-Browser, change the CBTA Settings according to the browser you are using before starting recording the script. Please see the following video about how to do the recording.

Recording Demo

 

Execution Demo

That’s how easy it can be – so try it out yourself!

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      19 Comments
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      Author's profile photo Gordon Leslie McDorman
      Gordon Leslie McDorman

      Hi Amanpreet, thanks for this. I appreciate the example which you used for a Fiori app to be tested.

      Author's profile photo Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Blog Post Author

      I am glad you liked it!

      Author's profile photo Jyothirmai Varigonda
      Jyothirmai Varigonda

      Hi Aman, So don't we need to create login schema?

      Author's profile photo Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Jyothirmai,

      a login schema is still necessary for the system you want to test.

       

      Hope it helps!

       

      -Aman

      Author's profile photo Alexander Vetter
      Alexander Vetter

      Great blog. Thank you!

      Author's profile photo Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks!

      Author's profile photo Rimwell Patol
      Rimwell Patol

      Do you have a guide on how to set-up roles for CBTA? Thanks in advance.

      Author's profile photo Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Blog Post Author

      Hello Rimwell,

      which roles exactly? The general user roles you can find here:

      https://help.sap.com/viewer/0043dbb640674d9bb916602fe2ec90e8/7.2.06/en-US/70c743d5a9634a54aeb3a8608495bf83.html

       

      BR,

      Aman

      Author's profile photo Alexandre SABATIER
      Alexandre SABATIER

      Thanks for the info! Are there any specific guidelines when it comes to Cloud products, other than creating a custom Login Schema for SAP ID Service? (eg. C/4)

      Author's profile photo Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Alexandre,

      not that I know of - sorry.

      Please keep in mind that CBTA only supports the UI mentioned in the following Note: https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/notes/2436142

      Thanks!

      Author's profile photo Norbert Geitlinger
      Norbert Geitlinger

      Thanks for the example!
      I tried it out, but found out that our Fiori apps behave quite slow and CBTA is automatically clicking faster than the application appears at the screen.
      Do we have to add "wait commands" in the script or is there any better option to wait until the screen is completely available?

      Thanks for a short answer
      Norbert

      Author's profile photo Norbert Geitlinger
      Norbert Geitlinger

      Asynchronous checkpoints are the solution.

      Norbert

      Author's profile photo Sadhna Bhatia
      Sadhna Bhatia

      This is good info. I had created a few FIORI scripts 2 months back and those worked fine. But today when I tried to re-execute those, these failed due to the change in URI of the fields. From what I hear, every time there is a refresh the URIs change. Is there any solution to this issue? We need to run these scripts every month and if they keep failing due to change in URI so often, it becomes cumbersome to edit the URI using Object Spy. Have you come across this issue, if so, could you please share if there is a solution for this? we are using CBTA version 12 and have been done with SP8 upgrades a few months back. Thank you in advance for any info you can share.

      Author's profile photo Jose Angel Lapeña
      Jose Angel Lapeña

      Hi SAP community,

      We are currently experiencing the same issue which also makes the maintenance very costly.

      Could you please help us?

      Thank you in advance,

      Jose Angel

      Author's profile photo Ajay Hoskote Somashekar
      Ajay Hoskote Somashekar

      Hello Jose,

      Please re-execute the scripts after

      • Upgrading the CBTA frontend

      Also check if you are on the latest SAPGUI

      Thanks,

      Aj

      Author's profile photo Norbert Geitlinger
      Norbert Geitlinger

      Hi SAP community,

      we were facing the same issue.

      The solution for me was:
      a) Setting the user parameter WD_STABLE_ID_F_TEST for the used business user
      b) Using CBTA client 3.0.14.6

      Norbert

      Author's profile photo Vick Patel
      Vick Patel

      Thanks for sharing, its very helpful to set up FIORI.
      Requesting to know if you have similar steps for WebDynpro applications.

      Author's profile photo danish gupta
      danish gupta

      Hello Amanpreet,

      Great blog!! Thank you for the example.

      I have tried to do the same steps however, i am getting the error - App could not be opened either due to an incorrect SAP Fiori launchpad Configuration or missing role assignment.

      Please let me know if you have any idea on how to solve this, please let me know

      Thanks

      Author's profile photo Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Amanpreet Singh Chahota
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Danish,

      thank you!

      This is sometimes the case, when your test user (SolMan: Test Profile) does not have the necessary authorizations for the application you want to test.

       

      Hope it helps!

       

      Thank you and kind regards,

      Aman