HANA SQL: Casting to decimal (implicit or explicit) will not provide rounding
This is going to be a short blog but will hopefully highlight accuracy problems that might be occurring if you don’t explicitly round your formula results before:
- explicitly casting them to decimal using to_decimal, or
- returning them as decimal from a procedure or table function i.e implicit casting based on definition of return table/fields
I picked this up whilst doing a very detailed test script and noticing that I was losing cents everywhere, after a bit of investigation I realised a truncate was being performed instead of proper rounding. Small differences on each amount but a lot of small differences can in the end make a huge difference.
Note: TO_DECIMAL used to provide implicit rounding but this behaviour changed from SP06 onwards, please refer to SAP Note 1895981 – to_decimal no longer provides rounding.
Here is my sample code you can paste into SQL console to play with the behaviour:
DO BEGIN DECLARE dec_value DECIMAL(23,2) := 10407.06; -- Take dec_value and scale by 1000 SELECT dec_value/1000 AS "ResultNotRounded" FROM dummy; -- Then cast it to DECIMAL(23,2) to simulate the cast that happens when returned by table function SELECT to_decimal(dec_value/1000,23,2) AS "ResultCastToDecimal" FROM dummy; -- To get the properly rounded answer, round first then cast SELECT to_decimal(round(dec_value/1000,2),23,2) AS "ResultRoundThenCast" FROM dummy; END;
Here we have the result of the formula to 5 decimal places:
Here is the result of the formula cast to 2 decimal places, you can see here it that it simply performed a truncate instead of rounding to 2 decimal places:
Here you can see that rounding it to two decimal places and then casting preserves the correct rounded value:
Hope this small tip helps someone achieve more accurate results. Have a great day!