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Author's profile photo Prosenjit Das Neogi

Performance Optimization for ABAP CDS view

Topic : The blog will discuss on the Topic of Performance optimization for CDS views.

As an ABAP CDS  view  developer working in S/4HANA projects, Please find the points we need to check while developing the view.


General Architecture for SAP S/4HANA:


SQL Processing Steps :

CDS Views Complexities :

1.CDS views stacking can get so complex that it results in performance degradation

2.Number of execution plan variants raises according (#??????)?HANA optimizer could fail to find the optimal execution plan.

3.By using layered CDS views, formerly fast accesses to buffered tables and application caches on ABAP server might be replaced by complex database accesses

4.Declarative programming style of SQL can have a performance drawback since optimizer plans do not take into account the actual attributes of a statement. Cutting away unnecessary execution branches might not be done with the same efficiency as with imperative programming in ABAP


Display Complexity of the CDS views:

ADT ( ABAP Development Tools for Eclipse)  > Open with Dependency Analyzer.


Note :

Separate transactional data, master data, org data, customizing, and other metadata This is important to leverage caches on the application server for meta data.


Classification of CDS views using performance annotations :

quality of service with respect to the expected performance of the CDS view

type of data in CDS view (transactional data, master data, …)

set of data whichhas to be searched through in order to compute the result set


CDS views: performance annotations

service-Quality of CDS views: requirements and KPIs:

Generate SQL statement for CDS Views:

ADT ( ABAP Development Tools for Eclipse)> View SQL statement.


SQL Tips :

Exposed non NULL preserving calculated field

The blow example 2. Result  385% improvement of Query execution :


Example 1: The output time was 883 ms


Example 2: The output time was 34 ms


Limit push down and aggregation push down :

•Order by: first sort, then limit problem for calculated fields
•Distinct operator, any aggregation
•cardinality changing joins (e.g. LoJoin TO MANY)

Rounding (and other functions) stop optimizer from pushing down aggregations
Currency conversion and all arithmetic operations except +/-contain implicit rounding functions


Special Note on Performance Recommendation:-


1. Keep CDS views simple (in particular service-Quality A and B = #BASIC views)
2. Amount of data persisted in S4 CDS views should not exceed 20% of the overall data volume of  the      system.
3. In transactional processing, only use simple CDS views accessed via CDS key
4. Expose only required fields –define associations to reach additional fields when requested
5. Perform expensive operations (e.g. calculated fields) after data reduction (filtering, aggregation)
6. Avoid joins and filters on calculated fields
7. Test performance of CDS views. Test with reasonable (= realistic) test data
8. Analyze accesses to more complex views with HANA PlanViz to see whether filters are pushed down to all brances.
9. Stay tuned on caching possibilities of SAP HANA and Fiori apps







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      Author's profile photo Vivek Tripathi
      Vivek Tripathi

      Well explained Prosenjit....


      Author's profile photo Vikash C Agrawal
      Vikash C Agrawal


      Very well thought out blog. Thanks.

      Author's profile photo Prosenjit Das Neogi
      Prosenjit Das Neogi
      Blog Post Author

      Thanks Sir

      Author's profile photo Randolf Eilenberger
      Randolf Eilenberger


      Hi Prosenjit,

      Your blog seems to have been influenced by session S4H300 – Boost Performance for CDS Views on SAP HANA at TechEd 2017 (View the presentation (PDF) ).  Currently I publish a series of blog posts Safeguard Performance of ABAP CDS Views, which might also be interesting for you and your readers.


      Author's profile photo Martin Sommer
      Martin Sommer

      Hi Randolf, can you please repair the link to the presentation PDF? Best regards