In this example, I will add a new navigational attribute ‘City’ to characteristic Structure Element (/CPD/FPID). In S/4HANA 1709, the master data of Structure Element is not persisted in BW but accessed through HANA Calculation Views at runtime. To achieve this, I need to do the following:
- Create a new table where City will be stored with Structure Element
- Integrate this table to the Calculation View for Structure Element by copying the SAP delivered Calculation View and making changes in that
- Create a new attribute City for Structure Element
- Change the Calculation View mappings
- Activate the navigational attribute City in the required InfoProviders and Queries
Create a new table for City
Create a new table (in this example ZPFID_CITY) for City
Maintain required data in this table
Integrate this table in the new calculation view
Open HANA Studio –> HANA Modeling Perspective –> Create a new Calculation View CV_STRUCTURE_ELEMENT_CITY by copying the Calculation View CV_StructureElement in a custom package. In this case we will use package “tmp.enhancements”.
Add new projection for the table ZFPID_CITY
Create a new join which will join the new projection with the existing fields
Add City in the final projection
Following figure shows the newly added projection and join. Save and activate the Calculation View.
Display data for the Calculation View. It will show the field City now against the structure elements for which it was entered in ZFPID_CITY table.
Create a new attribute City for Structure Element
Open HANA Studio –> BW Modeling Perspective –> Create a new characteristic for City (Z_CITY)
Enter technical name and description –> Click Finish
Provide data type and field length and activate the object
Navigate to Characteristic /CPD/FPID (Structure Element) –> Double Click to open it in the editor –> Go to “Attributes” tab –> Click on Add –> Search for ‘Z_CITY’ –> Select the object –> Click OK
Check the Navigational Attribute Checkbox –> Activate /CPD/FPID
Click on “Master Data/Texts” tab –> In Read Access section, Click Details button
In the field “SAP HANA Package” click Browse –> Search for the custom package where Calculation View CV_STRUCTURE_ELEMENT_CITY was created –> Select the package and click OK
In the similar way select the SAP HANA View CV_STRUCTURE_ELEMENT_CITY
Scroll down to Attribute Z_CITY –> Click on Input Help –> Select Field Z_CITY –> Click OK
Activate /CPD/FPID. Navigate to /CPD/FPID in transaction RSA1 –> Right Click –> Click Maintain Master Data.
City is now available as a navigational attribute and can be activated in the relevant InfoProviders and queries.