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Introduction

This article describes the fastest way of OData Services creation using ABAP Core Data Services. Details on @OData.publish annotation utilization, reference to Data Source CDS-Entity and import from DDIC Structure are given. Create, Update and Delete actions are shown on the custom transparent table data just to simplify the article and do not move focus from OData Service creation to business process requirements implementation.

 

“R” Type OData Service Creation. With using of @OData.publish annotation in ABAP CDS

Let us assume that we have any data table (probably in the custom namespace, just to simplify the demo case and get focused on OData service only, and not on SAP functional modules and class usage)

It is possible to create ABAP CDS view for it using SAP HANA Studio

During CDS activation OData service will be generated in the background

Service document looks like this:

 

“R” Type OData Service Creation. Using reference on ABAP CDS

Let us assume that we have any data table (probably in custom namespace, just to simplify demo case and get focused on OData service only, and not on SAP functional modules and class usage)

It is possible to create ABAP CDS view for it using SAP HANA Studio. Please consider that in this case there is no @OData annotation in use

During our next step we will Create Gateway Project via transaction code SEGW and refer it to the created in the previous step ABAP CDS

SAP will generate runtime objects based on reference to ABAP CDS

The service document looks like this:

 

“CRUD” Type OData Service Creation

Let us assume that we have any data table (probably in custom namespace, just to simplify the demo case and get focused on OData service only, and not on SAP functional modules and class usage)

It is possible to create ABAP CDS view for it using SAP HANA Studio (no @OData annotation is in use)

During our next step we will Create Gateway Project via transaction code SEGW and import DDIC Structure (use @AbapCatalog.sqlViewName value from ABAP CDS, please see the picture above)

If you are using complex CDS with associations (for Master-Details view, for example) you should additionally create Associations and Navigation Properties. This section will be added.

SAP will generate runtime objects

For “CRUD” type of OData Services we should set parameters of Entity Set and then implement each of them

Navigate to ABAP Workbench and redefine methods of *DPC_EXT class for CRUD operations

Here it is possible to point out SELECT statement directly to ABAP CDS for Get_EntitySet method

  METHOD experimentset_get_entityset.
     SELECT * 
       FROM zxeq1_lexprmnt01
       INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE @et_entityset 
       ORDER BY PRIMARY KEY.
   ENDMETHOD.

If you set Searchable parameter of Entity Set then ABAP code implementation should look like the following

  METHOD experimentset_get_entityset.
     DATA: lv_osql_where_clause TYPE string. 
     "Prepare where clause
     lv_osql_where_clause = io_tech_request_context->get_osql_where_clause( ). 
     "Select data
     SELECT * 
       FROM zxeq1_lexprmnt01
       INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE @et_entityset
       WHERE (lv_osql_where_clause) 
       ORDER BY PRIMARY KEY.
   ENDMETHOD.

If you additionally set Pageable parameter of Entity Set then ABAP code should look like the following

  METHOD experimentset_get_entityset.
     DATA: lv_osql_where_clause TYPE string,
           lv_top               TYPE i,
           lv_skip              TYPE i,
           lv_max_index         TYPE i.
     "Prepare top and skip
     lv_top = io_tech_request_context->get_top( ).
     lv_skip = io_tech_request_context->get_skip( ).
     IF lv_top IS NOT INITIAL.
       lv_max_index = lv_top + lv_skip.
     ENDIF.
     "Prepare where clause
     lv_osql_where_clause = io_tech_request_context->get_osql_where_clause( ).
     "Select data
     SELECT *
       FROM zxeq1_lexprmnt01
       INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE @et_entityset
       UP TO @lv_max_index ROWS
       WHERE (lv_osql_where_clause)
       ORDER BY PRIMARY KEY.
     "Process skip
     IF lv_skip IS NOT INITIAL.
       DELETE et_entityset TO lv_skip.
     ENDIF. 
     "Process inline couter
     IF io_tech_request_context->has_inlinecount( ) = abap_true.
       SELECT COUNT(*)
         FROM zxeq1_lexprmnt01 WHERE (lv_osql_where_clause).
       es_response_context-inlinecount = sy-dbcnt.
     ELSE.
       CLEAR es_response_context-inlinecount.
     ENDIF.
   ENDMETHOD.

In Get_Entity method we should use ABAP CDS and other data type related objects and key field names

  METHOD experimentset_get_entity.
     DATA: ls_data       TYPE zcl_xeq1s_exprmnt01p_mpc=>ts_experiment.
     "Convert keys to data
     CALL METHOD io_tech_request_context->get_converted_keys
       IMPORTING
         es_key_values = ls_data.
     "Select data by keys
     SELECT SINGLE *
       INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF @er_entity
       FROM zxeq1_lexprmnt01
       WHERE uname = @ls_data-uname.
   ENDMETHOD.

If you set Creatable parameter of Entity Set then you should implement Create_Entity method and ABAP code could look like the following. In our current example we are using database table as target to INSERT data (in more complex and realistic business case SAP BAPI or functional modules or ABAP Classes should be used here to implement required business logic)

  METHOD experimentset_create_entity.
     DATA: ls_data       TYPE zxeq1_dexprmnt01.
     "Insert data in database
     MOVE-CORRESPONDING er_entity TO ls_data.
     INSERT zxeq1_dexprmnt01
       FROM @ls_data.
   ENDMETHOD.

If you set Updatable parameter of Entity Set then you should implement Update_Entity method like the following sample. In our current example we are using database table as target to UPDATE data (in more complex and realistic business case SAP BAPI or functional modules or ABAP Classes should be used here to implement required business logic)

  METHOD experimentset_update_entity.
     DATA: ls_data       TYPE zxeq1_dexprmnt01.
     "Update data in database
     MOVE-CORRESPONDING er_entity TO ls_data.
     UPDATE zxeq1_dexprmnt01
       FROM @ls_data.
   ENDMETHOD.

If you set Deletable parameter of Entity Set then you should implement Delete_Entity method like the following sample. In our current example we are using database table as target to DELETE data (in more complex and realistic business case SAP BAPI or functional modules or ABAP Classes should be used here to implement required business logic)

  METHOD experimentset_delete_entity.
     DATA: ls_data       TYPE zcl_xeq1s_exprmnt01p_mpc=>ts_experiment.
     "Convert keys to data
     CALL METHOD io_tech_request_context->get_converted_keys
       IMPORTING
         es_key_values = ls_data.
     "Delete data from database
     DELETE FROM zxeq1_dexprmnt01
       WHERE uname = @ls_data-uname.
   ENDMETHOD.

As a result, there is the following OData Service Document created

 

 

Conclusion

This article shows a fast and simple way of OData Service creation with full CRUD functions support based on ABAP CDS technology. It is possible to see that wrapper for CRUD OData Service based on ABAP CDS could be created as fast as a few hours activity. What is needed is simply to add ABAP logic inside it that is mostly the same kind of activities we’ve done in ABAP development before web services usage. Additionally, OData Service created on ABAP CDS views is ready to be consumed by SAP HTML5 (UI5) Application and could either be deployed to your company local SAP Fiori Launchpad or to SAP Fiori Cloud Launchpad (Portal) from SAP Cloud Platform.

P.S. Please consider that in case of SAP Fiori Cloud Launchpad usage we have to wrap OData Service using SAP Cloud Platform OData Provisioning Service (that is covered in another article).

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3 Comments

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  1. Mahesh kumar palavalli

    Hi Uladzimir,

    Nice Blog. There is one more way, where you can directly bind the CDS view to the entity. So we dont need to write the code to fetch the data. SADL layer will fetch the data for us with top, skip, filters.., applied automatically.

    In the service implementation, right click on the entity and map to data source, here map the same to CDS view.

     

    Thanks & Best Regards,

    Mahesh

    (1) 

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