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Accessibility on Web is mostly an after thought, a “Nice to have” feature. Accessibility in most cases, is not even considered as a feature, leave alone a necessity. If Web and Networks don’t need to be accessible then IT in general is treading the path of its predecessors – Making software so hard that we get back to hardware.

Accessibility is generic. Accessibility is not a feature, in fact its the user’s right.

In-accessibility in Physical world

Sharing with you all an incident which inspired this post: I had planned to visit a nearby temple after a period of one year. The temple used to frequently visited my devout mother-in-law, who has grown old and due to arthritis unable to travel out without the assistance of a Wheel chair.  The temple was renovated and I(a reluctant visitor of temples) was asked to visit the temple for the divine blessings. On my visit, the first thing that struck me was that the Idols of deities, were now elevated by a height of at-least 2 floors. The only way to get the sightings and blessings(Darshan) was by steps. In one simple design, the deities were made in-accessible(Only in physical terms) to the devout old people with physical difficulties.

From this incident, I felt that it was so foolish of the administrators of the temple trust to simply overlook at their most obedient customers. Now, these are the customers who have volunteered to contribute financially in terms of donation. Could, they not sue the trust or administrators for not allowing them to access the structure, itself?

As the building rules and recommendations by the United Nations, “…building and planning legislation covering access for disabled people” all the buildings; commercial and residential are expected to adhere to the rules as a matter of compliance. In fact, every local government bodies have drafted rules to be strictly complied by the builders. In that scenario, any violation is an offence. Non-compliance of rules ends up as a cognizable offence. So, in the rule of law or court, we can sue the owners and builders for this offense.

If the above statements is true, can we sue the websites for not being accessible to people with disabilities?

Accessibility Lawsuits

In a recent twitter feed, an article on the case of Winn-Dixie case the residents of Florida District had sued Winn-Dixie for creating a website which was inaccessible to visually impaired. In this scenario, is it not time for every company website especially the ones which are for public service to be wary of future cases against their sites for being “In-Accessible”?

Implementation of WCAG 2.0

In the Design-Thinking process, we emphasize on Empathy for the users as the key step towards building better designs. I would propose using one or more additional personas where the users with disability. For ex: Consider a persona: Steve, an IT geek who likes to do his work on his own, meticulous and like to keep up to date with the latest podcasts. He is visually impaired.

At the core is the implementation of Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0. By implementing these guidelines, we could make web content accessible to a wider range of people with disabilities. Key board interaction, Visual Design, Touch Interfaces etc. are some of the design considerations while developing the screens. Usually, the responsibility of the screens to be made accessible is entrusted on Developers. Instead, it should be driven by the designers and implemented in collaboration with the developers.

Buy-in from the Leadership

Company leadership is the key. No amount of discussion or argument matters unless there is a business case for investing in sites being accessible. “Companies are in for business and not for Charity or Research” – said a senior executive in a recent presentation. So, as designers it is our prerogative to put forth a business case for it. Some of the points which could sway the management are:

Final Thoughts

SAP has given emphasis on the aspects of accessibility in their experience SAP guidelines but lack the thrust for its inclusion. As a matter of fact, there is no primary tag for me to post the blog on Accessibility. I still have discussions with managers if the application needs to work on Mobile. Accessibility, “Well, our sites are used for people who are fully able-d”. My thought at that moment was, ” Fully Able-d? Is anyone fully able-d in this world?

The opinions expressed in this blog are purely personal

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11 Comments

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  1. Helmut Tammen

    Hi Sharath,

    great blog, thx. Although I’m one of the “fully Able-d” people I think that disabled should be fully integrated (as far as possible) into the world of the “fully Able-d” people.

    So please @SAP create a tag for accessibility.

    I just double checked the existence of such a tag with my tag-browser and also haven’t found it.

    Regards Helmut

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    1. Michelle Crapo

      Hi Helmut,

      I set crazy fun goals for myself.

      Could you slide all the way to the top of this blog and press like!   I know it’s in a strange place.

      Thank you,

      Michelle

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    2. Sharath M G Post author

      Hi Helmut,

      Thanks for the feedback. Very encouraging 🙂

      When we think of disabilities, we mostly look at physical disabilities. But, some disabilities like – ADHD(Attention Deficiency Hyperactivity Disorder), low vision, cognitive limitations etc. are ignored.

      So, even though we are perceived to be fully able-d, we all have some form of disability. So, to highlight only the physically visible form is a very narrow view.  Hence, the usage of the word “fully able-d” 😉

      Cheers, Sharath

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  2. Michelle Crapo

    Very nice blog. It points to the need for simplicity for our applications. Not simplicity in the way they are created. (Although that would be nice) Simplicity in the way things are accessed. Simplicity in how the applications are used.

    Simplicity is driven by design thinking.

    If you can’t find that great company, you will never use it.  Once found and simplified, then you can add some of the things that make your business service stand out.

    I love it!

    Michelle

     

    (2) 
      1. Michelle Crapo

        Need one of those buttons. For loving the blog. Of course if we add them all we would have hate the blog. I don’t think I’d like that one.

         

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  3. Jocelyn Dart

    Great blog Sharath.  Delighted to have another voice on this topic!

    To that business case you might also add a few statistics- such as 1 in  6 people have some sort of significant disability.  We have a Fiori Accessibility wiki

    https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/Fiori/SAP+Fiori+-+Accessibility

    You will find in there links to our accessibility in design blogs, Fiori/SAPUI5 official doco & how-tos & a presentation I gave at TechEd Barcelona 2017.

    May I add a link to this blog?

    I like your idea of an official Accessibility tag.  Let me see if i can make that happen.

    (2) 
    1. Sharath M G Post author

      Hello Jocelyn,

      Thank you for your feedback.

      You may link the blog to your Wiki. I would be glad to contribute in some form to change the set patterns.

      Cheers! Sharath

      (2) 
      1. Jocelyn Dart

        Done! By all means contribute your ideas through the usual channels.

        Make sure you have looked at what is available already though… the blogs only cover a fraction of what’s there.

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