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One of the primary features of using the SAP WebIDE for Cloud Foundry (CF) application development is the ability to create a multi-target application (MTA) easily. An MTA is an SAP construct that allows you to combine modules into a single deployable unit for lifecycle maintenance. These modules could potentially use different runtimes (one on Node.js, one on Python, etc.). For more information on MTAs for the Cloud Foundry environment, please click here.

The Web-based SAP WebIDE, however, may not be the ideal developer environment for everyone. It does not work when you’re offline and it also does not have support for development in languages such as Python, PHP, etc. Many developers prefer using their own IDE while still taking advantage of enterprise SAP features such as MTA, app router, and XSUAA. In this blog, I will show how you can use your own IDE and still build multi-target applications. It just requires a one-time setup of a few tools that are developed and fully supported by SAP Cloud Platform.

Step 1: Install the CF command line interface

You can download and install the cloud foundry command line interface (CF CLI) from the following location. There are a number of options for download on a variety of platforms and install programs.

https://github.com/cloudfoundry/cli#downloads

After a successful installation, you should be able to execute the cf command:

$ cf -v
cf version 6.33.1+c77e55743.2017-12-15

Step 2: Install the MTA Plugin for the CF CLI from SAP

SAP has developed and published an MTA plugin for Cloud Foundry CLI. This MTA plugin allows you to perform lifecycle operations like deployment and un-deployment on multi-target applications. The MTA plugin can be downloaded from SAP cloud platform tools page (search for MTA Plugin and pick your platform):

https://tools.hana.ondemand.com/#cloud

Install the MtaPlugin by running the install-plugin sub-command:

$ cf install-plugin cf-cli-mta-plugin-1.0.2-darwin-x86_64.bin 
Attention: Plugins are binaries written by potentially untrusted authors.
Install and use plugins at your own risk.
Do you want to install the plugin cf-cli-mta-plugin-1.0.2-darwin-x86_64.bin? [yN]: y
Installing plugin MtaPlugin...
OK
Plugin MtaPlugin 1.0.2 successfully installed.

Step 3: Install the MTA Archive Builder

The MTA archive builder is a standalone command-line tool that builds a deployment-ready .mtar file from an MTA project using the development descriptor (mta.yaml) file. For details on the MTA archive builder and to download the jar file, please visit the following URL. Note: You will need Java 8 on your machine in order to execute this tool.

SAP MTA Archive Builder

Save the download JAR file (e.g., MTABUILDER110_0-80002501.JAR) in a well-known location and add it to your Java classpath.

You now have all the software you need to build and deploy an MTA!

Step 4: Build and Deploy a sample MTA

If you are looking for a skeleton sample MTA project, then feel free to download one from my GitHub repository location below:

https://github.com/sunilwadhwa/mymta1.git

Mymta1 is a simple skeleton MTA project with three distinct modules – a Node.js module called approuter, a Python module called pymodule1, and a Java module called jmodule1. It also contains an xsuaa service used by the approuter for authentication. It is ready to be deployed to a CF space.

To build the MTAR file, cd to the root folder of the project and execute the MTA Archive Builder:

$ java -jar MTABUILDER110_0-80002501.JAR --build-target CF --mtar ./target/mymta1.mtar build
SAP Multitarget Application Archive Builder 1.1.2
Module "jmodule1": invoking maven
Module "pymodule1": zipping directory pymodule1
Module "approuter": invoking npm
Module "approuter": command output
...
>  up to date in 0.662s
Module "approuter": zipping directory approuter
Module "jmodule1": command output
>  [INFO] Scanning for projects...
...
...
>  [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>  [INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
>  [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>  [INFO] Total time: 0.893 s
>  [INFO] Finished at: 2018-02-02T16:33:04-07:00
>  [INFO] Final Memory: 15M/309M
>  [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Generating archive ./target/mymta1.mtar
Done

To deploy the generated MTAR file, run the cf deploy command:

$ cf api
api endpoint:   https://api.cf.us10.hana.ondemand.com
api version:    2.99.0

$ cf deploy target/mymta1.mtar
{{output edited for clarity}}
Deploying multi-target app archive target/mymta1.mtar in org org / space dev as sunil.wadhwa01@sap.com...
Uploading 1 files...
  target/mymta1.mtar
OK
Starting deployment process...
  Service "mymta1-uaa" updated
  Application "approuter" started and available at "..."
  Application "jmodule1" started and available at "..."
  Application "pymodule1" started and available at "..."
Process finished.

Step 5: Configure your IDE (Eclipse example shown below)

In this final step, I will show you how to configure an IDE like Eclipse, to build and deploy a multi-target application. You can create a new Project Builder in the Project Properties section and specify the java command that we used in the previous step.

Here is a screenshot of the MTA-Builder that I created as an example. Now, when I click on Project –> Build Project menu, the MTA is automatically built for me. In a similar way, you can create an External Tool configuration to run the deployment of the MTAR to cloud foundry.

Have fun and please comment below if you have any questions/feedback!

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