SAP WM/EWM- Process, Functionality, Scope, Benefits, Advantages, Disadvantage-Complete Reference-Part 15 (WM & EWM comparative study in Real time Business Environment for Automating the Warehouse).
Dear Experts/ Consultants,
I have come across many questions from various clients and individuals interested in Warehouse automation on comparison between an WM & EWM.
Why we need to use WM. we can control inventory using IM ? will not be effective ?- this question in use when SAP WM in peak before EWM came into existence. i hope this questions seems an old traditional one but still many small business firms/ clients are looking for it when we recommends them to use.it is quite natural and valid one..because they are investing money on implementing an ERP package/system. we cannot simply tell them to use a particular module or a system which they need more information and justification.
Why SAP introduced EWM when SAP WM already in place ?
Why many people interested to migrate to SAP EWM ?
Why SAP going to withdraw supporting SAP WM in few days and recommending to use SAP EWM ? why funding and doing more R&D, new innovations and enhancement in SAP EWM ?
what is the future of SAP WM ?
currently we are using ECC 5.0- do we need to migrate to ECC 6.0 or to S/4HANA to adopt EWM in our company ?
what specialties in SAP EWM ?
The SAP EWM was developed as a component of the
Supply Chain Management (SCM) business suite. It is
separate and distinct from the ERP WM system, in terms
of its architecture and functionality.
The SAP WM application was fi rst introduced as a sub module
of its materials management application within
the R/3 enterprise software releases. Functionality
enhancements were provided with each new release, up
to and including the current release of the enterprise
resource planning (ERP) software. before going deep into this blog. please use my SAP WM blog for better understanding on SAP WM and i hope that will help to understand the comparison of SAP WM & EWM- based on process, functionality, scope, benefits, advantages, dis-advantages..etc. [Part-1 to part-14 Blogs]
Part 1- 14 for SAP WM Details
This blog will help is to know -how SAP EWM is more sophisticated than other WMS Software systems. Thanks to SAP for providing this more advanced system in Warehouse platform. SAP is still engaged in doing R&D and involved in optimizing the SAP EWM Package. One important thing S/4HANA supports SAP EWM 🙂
Please Refer help.sap.com for SAP EWM Details
Before going to the topic- here is the video link for simple SAP EWM Inbound & Outbound scenario taken you tube. I hope this helps the consultants to understand and give adequate exposure to EWM Screens. in what way it is different from SAP WM..etc
Inbound Scenario in SAP EWM
Outbound Scenario in SAP EWM
We need to compare the Warehouse software solutions/System based on below factors
Volumes – considered important during day to day operation and running cost is mainly calculated here and considered more impact on warehouse maintenance and operation cost.
The number of receipts, putaways, picks and transfers
within a warehouse must be measured in terms of order
lines per day or units per day. Are these volumes expected
to increase over time? Does seasonality cause fluctuations
in the supply chain at different times of the year? The
number of stock-keeping units (SKUs) is also a relevant
indicator of volume.
Facilities- this is third important thing in considering a new technology/solution/ system package and critical factor too..
The number of facilities, and the types of activities carried
out at each facility, needs to be considered.
The emphasis on pick-and-pack activity is typically
much higher at distribution center facilities than at
manufacturing sites, for example, while manufacturing sites require support for the staging of materials to
production areas. The supply chain network may also
include one or more third-party logistics providers (3PLs).
The number and type of facilities will give you a sense of
the overall complexity of your supply chain and provide a
starting point for developing your functional requirements
for a WMS.
Warehouse process complexity- process and physical layout oriented.. considered during intial phase of any project and once completed it is not paid attention because running cost plays a crucial role..in day to day warehouse operation.
Warehouse processes can vary from simple to highly
complex. In goods receipt, for example, materials may
simply need to be offloaded from trailers or rail cars and
forwarded directly to storage areas with no intermediate
handling, while other inbound materials may require a
sequence of process steps, such as quality inspection,
consolidation, sorting, relabelling and putaway. Be sure
to review all of the processes that are carried out at all the
sites: inbound, outbound and internal processes, such as
inventory counting and replenishment.
Labor complexity- this is second aspect in considering the cost to company because huge money is involved in salary and benefits of employees and labors. Normally contract labors are highly paid in many countries…
Smaller warehouse facilities can be operated by a few
skilled and knowledgeable employees while larger
ones can require the efforts of dozens or hundreds of
individuals. With higher numbers of workers, it is more
important to understand the time and effort expected
to be spent on specific warehouse tasks. In order to
maximize employee productivity, you need to be able to
gauge actual efforts against standard measurements, and
to dynamically adjust the fl ow of the operation according
to unique events. A robust labor management system,
integrated within the WMS, is necessary to realize these
Automation and technology- this aspect is more important because it consumes price and budget investment for a client.
Many modern warehouses feature automated storage
and retrieval systems (ASRS), conveyor systems or other
advanced material-handling technologies. addition, most warehouses today require real-time data collection and entry using handheld or vehicle-mounted portable computing devices, such as radio frequency (RF) terminals. Radio frequency identifi cation (RFID) may also be part of your current or future plans; your decision on a
warehouse system and platform will be influenced by this.
Understanding the capabilities of the different WMS
options will allow you to quickly assess the suitability of
these systems to the needs of your company’s supply
chain and warehousing operations.
We have many different Warehouse Management software’s available in the Market- Here in this blog our motive is not to compare with non-sap WMS system. i like to just highlighted the different Warehousing Software product in Market.
4sight WM system, AccellosOne WMS, Robcom WMS, TECSYS WMS, Intellitrack RF WMS, Manhattan Associates WMS, Wireless warehouse in a box, Logfire WMS, 3PL Warehouse manager WMS, Fishbowl WMS, Highjump WMS, Foxfire WMS, Epicor WMS, JDS s/w WMS, S2K WMS,Netsuite ERP Warehouse and Fulfillment, Latitude WMS, Slingshot IM -WMS, Trade Gecko WMS, Minerva associated WMS, DATEX 3PL WMS, Reflex WMS, Oracle WMS, Zebra WMS, sterling WMS, Sage Geode WMS, Dematic iQ WMS, Easy WMS, ASC Trac WMS, Swisslog WMS 6, Assist4 WMS, Gold WMS, EXACTA WMS, Cin7 wms, Finale inventory, CoreWarehouse, IQMS WMS, Infor SCM, SKU labs WMS, DistributionPlus WMS, Blue link WMS, Veracore WMS, PowerHouse WMS, Beckared Mastercore WMS.. Windware Inventory control, 3PLlink WMS, LA Software 3PL WMS, Microlistics WMS, Astro WMS….etc.-
and many more..WMS solutions available and each one is specilaized in one particular area or some WMS specialized to the core..
Why i am mentioning here the different S/w in this blog…. because compared to all SAP EWM is more advanced and it is more real time compared to other S/w 9[ so that telling SAP is always No-1 in ERP/ SCM]. if you take this logistics companys..i got info from my friends that each companies using different WMS solutions and now they started migrating to SAP EWM due to the advantages and benefits they looks for. this blog will help the consultants to know the advantage of SAP EWM and in coming blogs we are planning to go deep in to the advanges and benefits and why we need SAP EWM..
Normally when a person is asking for why we need to move to EWM from WM- Answer will come like this
Need to handle huge data volume, performance and process flexibility made a new architecture necessary. Follow on from the Decentralized SAP Warehouse concept enabling 24/7 system round the clock availability …Extend the basic concept of SAP ECC WM, Transfer Orders to enable process flexibility…. To avoid high risk of changing existing architecture of mature application (WM) with thousands of live customers Customer mind shift from Managing Stocks to Controlling Processes. SAP future vision is to continue to expand SAP EWM as a professional WMS solution with new capabilities and refinements.
SAP will still support SAP ECC WMS implementations with ever increasing maintenance costs, but no new enhancements are done to make it a comprehensive WMS system.
SAP EWM supports multiple Industries such automobiles- spare parts, food & beverages, fashion desinging & jewellery industry, footware, telecommunication, manufacturing and discrete industries-iron & steel and many more..here i am mentiong very few.etc..
SAP EWM enables warehouse activities to be executed seamlessly with inbuilt industry best practices. e.g. Catch Weight Management, Cross Docking, Value Added Services. many specialized process- slotting & re-arrangement, consolidation & de-consolidation, Inter-leaving..etc..
SAP EWM gives the capability to handle large volume of transactions with faster times required in Consumer Product industries.
As the market leader in Business Systems Developments SAP brings continuous enhancements to SAP EWM with cutting edge technology to enable business to grow faster. e.g. SAP EWM versions 7.02 eliminates middleware’s to connect with MFS systems, SAP EWM 9.0 eliminates requirement ofmiddleware’s in Voice Picking.
In future SAP SCM – EWM running on SAP HANA will bring the speeds in processing transaction, handling huge volumes of data and capability for predictive analytics.
Below Pictures taken from SAP Website- we can see the details in below link [Thanks to SAP]
Picture shows Complex MFS system in a big Warehouse – Material flow systems- chain of laders like queues when seeing from bird’s eye view..
Situation before EWM Implementation in a Warehouse and using legacy Non-SAP WMS system. here is one quick example. how SAP EWM sophisticates the process in Warehouse and how it handles huge devices and load in day to day activities…
After SAP EWM implementation/Migration- Considered better than SAP WM
because interfaces and adapters not available in-built in SAP WM and difficult to connect to automated intelligent devices. whereas in EWM we have in-built solution for connecting field devices and automated controls devices- such as PLCs, SCADA, DCS..flow, level,temperature, pressure sensors in industries. which will interact directly with SAP EWM.
secondly you can see the path of travel/material movements is much more simplified and users wont face any difficulty in tracking or during putaway/picking time.
but truth would we many. this blog will throw light on the necessity of migrating from SAP WM to EWM. Really client needs to migrate to SAP EWM ? will it be cost effective ? without that client wont be able to continue their business ? what is attracting people to move ? like bees moving towards honey ? prime most thing why IT consulting people moving to EWM and suggesting their client to use SAP EWM ? we have n- number of questions in mind …
With ever increasing focus on Supply Chain Execution Performance, many organizations are going ahead implementing stronger and comprehensive warehouse management solutions. Efficient warehouse operations, process granularity and enhanced integration with supply chain are becoming more and more important. In this context let’s discuss how SAP Warehouse Management solutions would help customers to address their needs.
SAP Warehouse Management (WM) has been part of SAP ERP solution since long broadly covering processes of goods receipt, goods issue, internal transfers and physical inventory. As part of ERP, WM provides seamless integration with other ERP components like Inventory Management, Sales and Distribution and Production Planning.
SAP Extended Warehouse Management (EWM) is the newest Warehouse Management solution from SAP and the functionalities covered go beyond four walls of the warehouse. In addition to the processes covered in WM, EWM supports major supply chain integration elements like – Cross Docking, Deconsolidation, Value Added Services, Slotting and Re-arrangement etc.
Organizations can follow different approaches to take a decision on solution they would like to implement. Those with no WM solution in place may conduct an objective assessment to see whether SAP WM solution would fit ,if yes what all needs to go in to the solution – Barcode readers, RF based hand held devices, Voice enabled operations etc. Organizations need to be cautious in choosing to implement WM solution in smaller /low volume facilities to reduce the risk of overkill. In an SAP environment it is possible to selectively implement either SAP WM or just Inventory Management in a single landscape.
Organizations that are already running SAP WM solution may like to enhance the solution to address needs like increased process coverage, granularity in processes, performance management etc. In this context SAP EWM would be a strong contender with capability to handle all major processes required to run an extended and distribution intensive supply chain. Depending on process requirements, current and planned solution landscape EWM can be deployed in different ways in relation to core ERP solution.
Before and After implementing SAP EWM in COKE, FORD, Caterpillar etc- the core business Team and the business users and IT Team – Stake holders- worked in the analysis part and they identified the Pros and cons of SAP EWM adoption in their company. we cannot justify it in one single day..it will take a year of time to identify the benefits but putaways and picking speed is much more optimized and material movements are well tracked and it is more appreciated. We can say EWM will best fit for spare parts management and so especially auto-industry will get more benefit of SAP EWM Implementation.
Roles of a warehouse person working in SAP EWM managed Warehouse
Role of a person in a SAP EWM Managed location is more or less same as the WM manged location but SAP EWM managed location warehouse guy has some special duties -he has to work on live stock handling, putaways, picking, slottting, Interleaving, consolidation and deconsolidation, inter-leaving..specialized cross docking, he need to efficiently control the material flow system and AS/RS, POD etc.. and able to work smart wih DCS, SCADA- Automated system and PLCs -field level control systems..etc.. in otherway he must technically advanced than a person working in WM warehouse..ewm wareouse person is highly responsible to management because management will accept more trending and reporting data from him for efficient analysis and control over inventory.
New Organizations need to objectively analyze criteria given below to take the critical decision on whether they need a WM solution and if yes which of the SAP solutions would be a better fit – SAP WM or SAP EWM?,Key criteria for such a decision are:
this is where global giants planning to migrate to SAP EWM- Coke, Ford, Caterpillar, Nestle..etc..
– Number of facilities, Number of materials handled in each of the facilities,How many movements per day? How many of them are automated? Average inventory carried, Nature of operations – Manufacturing, Distribution, Retail etc.., What is average number of people working in these warehouses? What is the average number of material handling equipments used? Is there a seasonal demand variation for the materials? How WM operations integrated with extended supply chain.
‘WM and EWM – When and Where” here I have tried to provide inputs on key decision parameters like transaction volumes, nature of operations etc.
Number of facilities
Both WM and EWM can cater to multiple facilities, In a typical SAP landscape WM and EWM can co-exist under the same plant which would allow customers to use WM for smaller warehouses and EWM for larger/high volume warehouses.
Number of materials handled in each facility
There are no hard numbers recommended to decide going for WM or EWM. Number of materials stored invariably impact number of transactions thus helping you decide on the solution.
How many movements per day?
EWM provides process granularity in great detail hence suitable for warehouses where speed (turn around time), efficiency are the key and need mechanism to measure execution efficiency to be cost effective and operationally competitive.
How many activities are automated?
Large volume transactions are typically automated, an efficient warehouse need to have the following key process steps automated.
Placement and Picking strategies
Determination of interim processes and their execution
Determining final destination bin
Interfacing with external systems like conveyors, ASRS (Automated storage and retrieval system)
Both WM and EWM do well in this area.
Average inventory carried
Higher the inventory turns, higher is the need to focus on execution efficiency. Inventory visibility is addressed in both the products, in addition EWM provides transactional granularity to track material movements accurately and in optimally broken down transactions.
Nature of Operations – Manufacturing, Distribution, Retail etc
Typically WM caters to the needs of manufacturing operations like receive goods, store and issue. When processes are automated and heavily integrated with external systems like vendors, transporters and material handing systems, EWM is the best choice. What is the average number of people working in warehouses?
EWM provides comprehensive labor management functionality to monitor and improve labor utilization
What is the average number of material handling equipments used?
EWM provides functionalities to monitor and improve equipment and other resource utilization
Is there a seasonal demand variation for the materials?
EWM provides processes to handle seasonal demand variation (Slotting and Re-arrangement) and adapt to them seamlessly.
How WM operations integrated with extended supply chain.
EWM has standard process integration and adopters to work with ERP, CRM and APO. End to End logistics processed have been factored in well in EWM from an integration perspective.
Contents above are indicative only and are based on my experience working with customers making a WM product/solution decision. Both WM and EWM are fantastic products which can work well in any supply chain – decision would be specific to a customer and depend on solution needs, cost and implementation parameters.
Some few functionality explanation
Deconsolidation – Upon receipt, the products can be directed to a
deconsolidation work area where like products can be separated off of the mixed pallet and put away as homogeneous units.
Rules and Prioritization – Increased flexibility in work assignment and
prioritization of tasks.
Explicit and Implicit Counting – Used as part of the Quality Assurance process
for counting goods upon arrival into the warehouse.
Wave Creation and Assignment – Improved tools in order to group and
efficiently pick Outbound Orders.
Kitting – Kit to Order only. The functionality for Kit to Stock does not exist at thistime. Need SAP CRM and APO in order to perform kitting. Supports complex
Slotting – EWM has slotting tools available to determine the best location of product storage within the warehouse. It is broken into 2 pieces:
1. Slotting – more of a planning tool
2. Rearrangement – the execution of the planning run
The SAP ERP warehouse management system remains a viable alternative for many warehouses. The introduction of the SAP Extended Warehouse Management System does not mean that it replaces the SAP WM system. It just means that there is now an additional alternative for those warehouses that require the functionality provided by EWM.
We need to analyzed the advantages of SAP EWM based on the business Process it provides – Please find below for the list of the process it supports.
Difference One of the main differences between the SAP WM system and the SAP EWM system is that functionally, the WM system in more .inward. focused. In general, there is very little functionality that provides a link to external processes such as transportation cross-docking, contract packaging and transportation, AS/RS, MFS, PLCs, SCADA, DCS and level sensors…
Prime most thing is stock visibility feature of SAP EWM is good than the SAP WM system. here Question will come SAP WM will also show the Stock visibility then why we are calling SAP EWM is more visible. because in SAP EWM we can able to track the stock and material movements in an optimized way than a SAP WM can do. we can track @ different level and stages during putaway and picking- This is very appreciated feature introduced in EWM by SAP.
I like to see transaction wise -business process-features of SAP EWM. please find below..
in SAP EWM transaction starts with /SCWM- this is one another difference from ECC WM.
EWM transactions are lengthier 🙂 🙂 🙂
/SCWM/LS01 – Create Storage Bin
/SCWM/YM_DOOR_BIN – Assign Warehouse Door to Yard Bin
/SCWM/YM_CHKPT_BIN – Assign Checkpoint to Yard Bin and SCU
Task & Resource Management
Value added services
Value-Added Services (VAS)
VAS in Goods Receipt Process
|VAS in Goods Issue Process||/SCWM/VAS_O|
|VAS for Kit Creation on Stock||/SCWM/VAS_KTS|
|VAS for Reverse Kitting||/SCWM/VAS_KTR|
|VAS for Internal Warehouse Operations||/SCWM/VAS_INT VAS|
Serial number support- tracking to the storage bin level, with or without handling units in EWM. whereas in WM – Limited functionality available for serial
numbers. Requires the use of storage units.No direct bin-level visibility of serial
numbers.Only in outbound delivery we can able to capture the SN using RF Functionality.
Multiple wave strategies
Maintain Conditions for Determining Wave Templates
|Maintain Wave Templates||/SCWM/WAVETMP|
Advanced cycle counting,
Counting triggered by various criteria
Create Physical Inventory Document
|Process Physical Inventory Document||/SCWM/PI_PROCESS|
|Enter Count Results||/SCWM/PI_COUNT|
|Create Phys. Inventory Count in List||/SCWM/PI_COUNTLIST|
Consolidation/deconsolidation of materials
in SAP WM Rough workload estimator allows warehouse managers to perform labor
planning for inbound and outbound processes, whereas in SAP EWM Labor planning and simulation cockpit permits estimation and reporting of labor time across all warehouse activity types
|Warehouse Management Monitor||/SCWM/MON|
|Goods Receipt Workload||/SCWM/GRWORK|
|Monitor Correction Deliveries||/SCWM/CORR|
|List of Hazardous Substances for Fire Department||/SCWM/ILHS|
in SAP EWM
Warehouse management monitor provides reporting of all types of warehouse activities, as well as stock and storage bin lists Advanced analytics, dashboards and reporting are possible using standard SAP Business Intelligence (BI) content, where as in SAP WM -Basic reporting of open/confirmed transfers, stock overviews, bin lists, storage unit inquiries, etc.
Many reports available in ABAP List Viewer (ALV) format to allow advanced sorting and statistical functions Logistics information system reports also available for summarized and detailed analysis of historical data.
Warehouse activity monitor gives manager a view of open/overdue warehouse
RF monitor allows managers to view and reorganize activities and assignments to users.
List of Changes
|Freight Document Monitor||/SCTM/FRD_MON|
|Display Application Log||/SCTM/APPLOG|
|Process Chart Template||/SCWM/EGF_CHART|
Graphical Warehouse Layout
|Display Graphical Warehouse Layout||/SCWM/GWL|
Slot Products for Warehouse
|Activate Plan Values||/SCWM/SLOTACT|
|Condition Maintenance for Slotting||/SCWM/GCMC|
|Analyze Stock Situation||/SCWM/WM_ANA|
|Make Posting Change for Product||/SCWM/POST|
Maintain Outbound Delivery Request
|Maintain Outbound Delivery Order||/SCWM/PRDO|
|Maintain Outbound Delivery||/SCWM/FD|
|Post Goods Issue in PSA||/SCWM/DLV_GIPSA|
Maintain Posting Change Request
|Maintain Posting Change||/SCWM/IM_PC|
/SAPAPO/TPK – Define General Transportation Cost Profile
/SCTM/RG_BASIC – General Settings for Route Determination
/SCTM/DEPCAL – Assign Calendar to Supply Chain Unit
/SAPAPO/LOC3 – Location
/SAPAPO/SCC_TL1 – Transportation Lane
/SCTM/ROUTE – Maintain Route
/SCTM/ROUTES_DELETE – Delete Routes
/SCTM/ZONE – Maintain Zones for Routes
/SCTM/ZONES_DELETE – Delete Zones
/SCTM/TSPP – Carrier Profile for Routing Guide
/SCTM/RGINT – Simulate Route Determination
Flexible warehouse modeling
/SCWM/BW11 – Setup of Storage Bins
/SCWM/BW12 – Setup of Warehouse Tasks
/SCWM/BW13 – Setup of Warehouse Orders
/SCWM/BW14 – Setup of Value-Added Services
RSA3 – Display Setup Table (Extractor Checker)
/SCWM/BW10 – Execute Update
RSA7 – Maintain BI Delta Queue
/SCWM/TLR_WIZARD – Tailored Measurement Service with Wizard
/SCWM/CLC_WIZARD – Calculated Measurement Service with Wizard
/SCWM/MS_TLR_A – Define Tailored Measurement Service
/SCWM/MS_CLC_A – Define Calculated Measurement Service
/SCWM/EGF_OBJECT – Define Measurement Services in the Warehouse Cockpit
/SCWM/EGF_COCKPIT – Configure Measurement Services in the Warehouse Cockpit
Other EWM functions
Delete Completeness Data Sets
|Upload Storage Bins and Count Data||/SCWM/PI_UPLOAD|
|Download Storage Bins and Count Dat||/SCWM/PI_DOWNLOAD|
|Stock Comparison ERP||/SCWM/ERP_STOCKCHECK|
|Adjust Serial Numbers at Warehouse-Number Level||/SCWM/SER_CON_CHECK|
|Check Product for Complete Counting||/SCWM/PI_COMPL_CHECK|
|Post Differences to ERP System||/SCWM/WM_ADJUST|
|Print Physical Inventory Count Document||/SCWM/PRPI_DOC|
|Determine and Set Prices from ERP||/SCWM/VALUATION_SET|
|Create Physical Inventory Document||/SCWM/PI_DOC_CREATE|
|Create Physical Inventory Document (Cycle Counting)||/SCWM/PI_CC_CREATE|
Labor management `
Planning and Simulation
|Load Planning and Simulation Results||/SCWM/PL_LOAD|
Maintain Resource Group
|Maintain Queue Sequence for Resource Group||/SCWM/QSEQ|
|Maintain Execution Priorities||/SCWM/EXECPR|
|Activate Resource Execution Control for Storage Groups||/SCWM/REC_ACTIVATE|
|Maintain Queue Type Sequence||/SCWM/QTSQ|
|Deactivate Messages to Resources||/SCWM/RSCMSG_DEACT|
/SCWM/RFID_RFC – Determine RFC Connection for SAP AII Communication
/SCWM/RFID_POST – Disallow RFID Goods Movements
/SCWM/RFID_RSRC – Encode RFID Transponder for Resource
/SCWM/RFID_CTPRINT – Enhance Print Condition Tables for RFID Printer
Goods receipt optimization
Some few SAP EWM Transaction helps to monitor day today Warehouse process efficienty compared to other WMS softwares
Maintain Inbound Delivery Notification
|Maintain Inbound Delivery||/SCWM/PRDI|
|GR Preparation – External Procurement||/SCWM/GRPE|
|GR Preparation – Production||/SCWM/GRPI|
|Physical Goods Receipt||/SCWM/GR|
|Update Priority Points||/SCWM/PRIOP_UPDATE|
|Merchandise Distribution: Maintain Quantity Adjustment (Flow-Through)||/SCWM/MEDI_AQTY|
Batch and SLED management are also supported in EWM. if batches are not specified in the source ERP documents. but in SAP WM- Batches and management on the basis of shelf life are supported
Manual creation of outbound deliveries in EWM
Material Flow System (MFS)
Material Flow System (MFS)
/SCWM/MFS_CP – Maintain Communication Points
/SCWM/MFS_PLC – Maintain Programmable Logic Controller
/SCWM/MFS_CCH – Maintain Communication Channel
/SCWM/MFS_GEN_APPDAT – Generate Application Data
/SCWM/MFS_DEL_LOG – Delete Telegram Log
/SCWM/MFS_GEN_PLCOBJ – Generate PLC Objects from EWM Objects
/SCWM/MFS_OBJMAP – Map EWM Objects to PLC Objects
/SCWM/MFS_RSRC – Maintain MFS Resource
/SCWM/MFS_APPSRV – Maintain Application Server Group for MFS Processes
Support for the IS-Retail article master
In SAP WM if we need to connect to external system such as warehouse material handling equipments it is very difficult to include an interface – we need to go for WCS- warehouse control units/IDOC’s/ RFC’s.. but again the difficulty still remains there and not simplified. it is much more complex.. emaple when working with AS/RS system you can feel the difficulty and this functionalities are coming by default in SAP WM… whereas in SAP EWM we can able to connect the external system easily -[that is very important advantage of SAP EWM over SAP WM]. as already told MFS, AS/RS,POD, coursels, sensors, DCS, PLC’s, SCADA, level, temperature, Pressure, Flow sensors and meter readings everything can be connected. what a great advantage SAP brings for industrial automation and ERP field. Great thanks to SAP again.
SAP WM will not having slotting, re-arrangement functionalities and even inter-leaving, consolidation/de-consolidation kind of thing,, then people will say in SAP WM we have stagging/ or picking kind of thing which somehow plays this role but exactly saying it wont play a EWM role it specifically function during consolidation and Deconsolidation..it is more accurate..,
Only handling units are used in EWM. HU tracking is activated at the storage-type level. Handling units are more flexible and easier to use in EWM than in WM It is not necessary to activate handling unit management (HUM) in the ERP system when using handling units in EWM. In SAP WM both Storage unit management and Handling unit management allowed.
Next stock management in SAP EWM is more live than WM
we can say SAP WM is a kind of non-live stock.
in SAP EWM Storage type and section may be up to 4 characters in length, as opposed to 3 characters in WM Storage bin numbers may be up to 18 characters in length, as opposed to 10 characters in WM each storage bin is unique at the warehouse level in EWM, where as in SAP WM describes or represents the physical warehouse areas.
Doors, work centers, yards, parking spaces, staging areas are represented by using EWM storage types and storage bins, Activity areas are groupings of storage bins and allow optimal creation of warehouse orders and assignment to work queues, where as in SAP WM Doors, work centers..etc are represented outside WM and treated as Yard management component and does not given importance.
SAP WM not having a functionality of labor or kind of resource management as in EWM,. SAP WM need to depend on SAP PP & SAP HR for labor management for tracking and for payment..etc..
SAP WM is suits for low level loads and lesser operation than a SAP EWM does…it does not mean SAP WM cannot handle the load as EWM do.. actual meaning is SAP EWM can have many automation and advanced measure and more sophisticated than WM…
Stock types in the EWM and ERP systems are synchronized using the logistics inventory management engine (LIME). stock management types are more or less same..but handling methods are comparatively advanced than SAP WM.
in SAP WM
One putaway strategy available per storage type:
• Bulk storage
• Open storage
• Fixed bins
• Addition to existing stock
• Near picking bin
• Next empty bin
• Storage unit type (up to 99 bin
• Dynamic coordinate quant number
• Dynamic coordinate reference number
• Manual bin selection
Up to 30 storage types, 10 sections….., bin types and storage unit types can be defined in bin searches. same strategies allowed in
SAP EWM, No limit on the number of storage types, sections
and bin types in bin searches..
SAP WM Picking strategies
One picking strategy available per storage type:
• Partial quantity management
• FIFO (first-in, first-out) or stringent FIFO
• Shelf-life expiration date
• LIFO (last-in, fi rst-out)
• Large/small quantities included (with
• Fixed bin from material master
• Dynamic coordinate reference number
• FIFO, GUID based
• Manual selection of source bins
Up to 30 storage types, 10 storage sections
SAP EWM- Same strategies are supported. EWM supports unit of measures specific picking strategies, as well as the ability to optimize picking of different size multi-pack combinations to meet customer order quantities while minimizing the need to break packaging stock specific unit of measure No limit on the number of storage types in source bin searches.
2-step picking is allowed in both SAP WM & EWM. pick cumulative quantity for
several orders in one step and distribute to individual orders in a second step.
Graphical Warehouse layout not supported in SAP WM where as in SAP EWM -we have the functionality.
Finally we cannot see in SAP WM this much transnational facility/ benefit. like EWM. in SAP EWM we have the facility to receive the truck @ plant premise, assigning the vehicle to door and even we can able to track the vehicle number, verify the stock, PGR it.. the same way the outbound and any stock difference in the putaway/picking we can process code to adjust for the time being and move th the stock or process it based on the business requirement.. i mean i would like to say SAP EWM provides live action/activity what a Warehouse business user is doing in day to day and also we can analyze each and every warehouse day/week/month/year wise and we have such analytical tool available in EWM. where as in WM business leads needs to manually analyze it.. i hope i have converyed the information effectively.. if a client want to analyze a particular warehouse in UK-[they are having 5 warehouse in different location in UK] they can able to monitor the performance of each warehouse on day/month/week/year/shift wise and they even can compare this data with other warehouses in UK in a common platform [they need to use reporting/monitor transactions] in all the warehouses.. so that they can easily find out the optimized warehouse function among the five and lowest perfomance too. so that they can take corrective action.. using powerful labor management tools they can effectively monitor and optimize their business. [we need to bear in mind -normally in warehouses we have lot many contract and temporary labors available – we need to efficiently utilize them]
If we need to compare we have n – number of things to compare b/w WM & EWM..
Advanced system and optimization
Confirm Warehouse Task
|/SCWM/RWOCR||Manually Assemble Warehouse Tasks|
|/SCWM/DCONS||Deconsolidation in Goods Receipt|
|/SCWM/QINSP||Quality Inspection and Count|
|/SCWM/RFUI||Log On to RF Environment|
|/SCWM/PACK||Packing – General|
|/SCWM/VASEXEC||Create Confirmation for VAS|
|/SCWM/ADGI||Post Unplanned Goods Issue|
|Process Chart Template||/SCWM/EGF_CHART|
Graphical Warehouse Layout
|Display Graphical Warehouse Layout||/SCWM/GWL|
If due to performance considerations, EWM can be run in its own server environmentB
SAP recommends that EWM not run in the same server as a planning application such as the APO Demand planning and Production Planning/Detail Scheduling.
EWM does require integration with an ERP system for master and transaction data.
Determine and Set Prices from ERP
|Synchronize ERP/EWMSettings for Documentation Batches||/SCWM/DBATCHSYNC|
|Administration of Account Assignment Data||/SCWM/ACC_IMP_ERP|
|Map Production Supply Area (PSA)||/SCWM/PSAMAP|
|Replicate Production Supply Area (PSA)||/SCWM/PSA_REPLICATE|
Migration from LE-WM
Warehouse Product Migration
|Storage Bin Migration||/SCWM/MIG_BIN|
|Physical Inventory Completeness Migration||/SCWM/MIG_PI_COMPL|
|Map Storage Unit Type to Packaging Material||/SCWM/MIG_MAP_SUT|
|Map Warehouse Management UoM to Packaging Material||/SCWM/MIG_MAP_ALTUOM|
Last but not least- here we can see the countries in Top ranking in implementing/adopting SAP EWM- USA stands first, UK in second position, india in third position, fourth comes Germany, then canada stands in Fifth position, Sixth Autralia then comes Netherlands, France, South Africa and finally Italy in Tenth position.
Companies that use SAP Extended Warehouse Management, by industry :
Computer s/w ,IT, staffing and recruiting then Retail and automotive/electronics, automobile, Food production/beverages, Machinery, chemicals, Pharma & many more..
Top IT companies using SAP EWM for their consulting – Accenture, IBM, Cap-Gemini, DXC Technologies, Infosys, Tech- Mahindra..etc
Product companies list is endless.. but in specific COKE, FORD, CATER-PILLAR, DHL, Astrazeneca, Hubbell electrical/electronics..etc..
We can see one by one in my SAP EWM Blogs. I hope this blog is more useful to for new Consultants. Thanks for providing continuous Support from the forum experts.
Please refer my earlier blog post in the given link.