Sahibjeet Singh 4576413 and Karan Kapoor 4576412
As a part of Victoria University post graduate program, we are really fortunate to work with such a influential team and mentors. Our program mentor Parvez Ahmed really helped us a lot in our research and made us write a blog post as part of our program assessment, this was a very challenging experience and we are elated as we write this blog.
When a continues pattern of abusive behaviour takes place with a motive to control and dominate other members in family it leads to domestic violence.
Domestic violence and family violence can be categorised in many types but the motive have been almost same in all the cases. Violence by partner are majorly recorded with the motive to create fear in the mind of any other family member and also to dominate others. It is not only limited to physical abuse as there can be sexual abuse, emotional abuse, psychological abuse etc. it not only effects the person who is the victim of it but also the other family members as it creates a sense of fear in other members as well. Domestic violence is regardless of caste, gender and religion as it can take place in any family.
Domestic violence can occur amongst any kind of relationships, it can happen with elders which will be called elder abuse, it can occur between partners or lovers and it seen that most of the times women is the victim, it can also happen between family members, when it happens with children It usually seen that step parents are the perpetrators. These days domestic violence is increasing in statistics due to the dynamic conditions and financial stability and there are more reasons also.
In Australia, covering all the states statistics data it can be seen that 2015 data has more incidents from year 2014. This data implies that domestic violence in Australia is rapidly increasing. One in every 6 women have experienced domestic violence, its not just only women who face domestic violence, men too go through this domestic violence, and that too 1 in every 20 men. There have been reports, which clearly states that in Australia on an average 1 woman dies every week due to domestic violence. In addition to this, in the last two years a total of 151 women died from domestic violence. (Bishop, 2017)
Figure 1 Types of Domestic Violence Offence during 2012-2016
It is pretty clear from the above figure, that from the 2012-2015, domestic violence related assault has been the higher grocer from the list of offences. It has been on the rise from 2012, the government has stated the cause for this rise is unemployment. This is an alarming statistic that needed to taken care of, if not resolved and made strict rules against this, then everyone will not feel even at home.
Figure 2 Domestic Violence Victims in all States of Australia for 2014-2015 Data Source: ABS.gov.au
The chart specifically focuses on the number of domestic violence victims in all states of Australia based on the nature of domestic violence offence for year 2014 and 2015. As we can see from the graph that unknown gender group are the one who suffers from domestic violence the most. The data shows that NSW has the alarming number of victims suffering from domestic violence followed by Western Australia as compared to other states of Australia, whereas Australia Capital Territory has the least number of victims. This data not only shows the numbers of victims, but also depicts the rise in the number assault victims from unknown gender group from 29,518 in year 2014 for NSW to 30,567 in the year 2015, this clearly states that something is going wrong here and the government has not succeeded in curbing the domestic violence completely. If we talk about Western Australia, the rate at which domestic violence is growing is even worse. The number of assault victims for unknown gender group in 2014 was 14,603 and it has gone up by 4000 victims in a year to 18,274 victims in 2015. It is clear from the graph above that Australian Government need to pay special attention to New South Wales and Western Australia, as the rate of increase is at alarmingly high.
Figure 3 Number Of Incident by Offence Category in NSW during 2012-2016 Data Source: ABS.gov.au
In the Figure 3, we have the data for 5 years i.e. from 2012- 2016, which depicts the number of incidents, happened in New South Wales. The data shows that the numbers are highest in domestic violence related assault for all 5 years as compared to other offence categories, sexual assault being the second. In 2012 the incident reported were 27,986 and the numbers can be seen rising till 2015 to 29,312. From the below graph, it is also clear that the maximum number of victims are either partner of the offenders or they are boyfriend/girlfriend of the offenders. The data from Australian Bureau of Statistics that the females are the most affected gender from domestic violence. This analysis shows that one in every four women suffers domestic violence from their intimate partner in terms homicide and sexual abuse. The ABS Personal Safety Survey showed 95 per cent of men and 80 per cent of women who had experienced violence from a current partner had never contacted the police. The Australian Government needs to access the situation for Females in context of domestic violence and ensure the safety of every female.
Figure 4 Domestic Violence Victims relationship to Offenders
In addition to all of the above, we dagged deep into the statistics to check which age group is the most affected from domestic assault and we managed to structure the following graph from the statistics available from Australian Bureau of Statistic.
Figure 5 Number of Domestic Assault Victims by Age for 2014-2015 Data Source: ABS.gov.au
The above graph paints a very good picture of youth being the most affected age group by domestic violence. In all the states of Australia, we can see from the data that 25-34 ages has the maximum number of incidents related to domestic assault, New South Wales being the highest, followed by Western Australia. Figure 5 and Figure 4, if observed carefully, it gives us an understanding that the cause of domestic violence can be relationship problems as the number of offenders are either the intimate partner or boyfriend/girlfriend of the victims and during the age of 25-34 problems between the partners are at the highest.
In this research, we observed that New South Wales has the highest numbers of domestic violence victim in terms of age, assault and gender.
Australia, F. (2017). Fact file: Domestic violence in Australia. [online] ABC News. Available at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/factcheck/2016-04-06/fact-file-domestic-violence-statistics/7147938 [Accessed 22 Jun. 2017].
Abs.gov.au. (2017). 4510.0 – Recorded Crime – Victims, Australia, 2015. [online] Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/4510.0~2015~Main%20Features~Experimental%20Family%20and%20Domestic%20Violence%20Statistics~6 [Accessed 22 Jun. 2017].
Bishop, C. (2017). Here’s how we can change the domestic violence statistics in 2017.. [online] Mamamia. Available at: http://www.mamamia.com.au/domestic-violence-statistics-australia-2016/ [Accessed 22 Jun. 2017].
Bradley, F., Smith, M., Long, J. and O’dowd, T., 2002. Reported frequency of domestic violence: cross sectional survey of women attending general practice. Bmj, 324(7332), p.271.