Domestic Violence in Australia
This blog post has been written by Sashi Gurung and SailenaTuladhar as part of the assignment for Business Analytics studied at Victoria University. Getting the practical hands-on experience of SAP products in this university has always been the best part of learning experience. We are very grateful to our lecturer Parvez Ahmad, who helped in understanding the attributes of a good visualizations.
This blog post is the report of domestic violence in Australia that provides experimental data regarding victims of selected Family and Domestic Violence-related offences for selected states and territories that helps to understand what can be done using the SAP Lumira.
The data presented in this report are drawn from ‘Australian Bureau of Statistics’ and ‘Justice Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research’.
Undertaken in 2010 – 2015 the study was designed to examine the consequences of families experiencing domestic violence and to produce knowledge that could inform the development of effective settlement supports for victims of domestic violence. The objectives of the report are to Investigate the sexual assault, age group offender’s male and female, types of object used by offender, showing relationship of offenders to victim, number of domestic violence in different location, assault by Sate in different age group, NSW Domestic violence related assault by year and data of NSW offender who were sentenced
According to Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research Domestic violence has been given as different practices and could be known as different things. Domestic violence is also recognized as family violence, Relationship violence, Intimate partner violence and Child abuse. All this includes physical, emotional and economic violence this can affect any age group, gender of people. As its name there Domestic, there is no needed to occur violence within home. It is type of violence that could have held between any relationship inside the family or intimate partner. The domestic violence is not the part of single incident. Domestic violence is all about power and control, the control can be expressed in various ways.
Fig: 1: Recorded Domestic Violence in different States
As per the data record in ABS, the above geographical graph shows the victims recorded in New South Wales that is 66,390 that is the maximum number of victims as compare to the other state and territories i.e. Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Northern Territory Queensland, Victoria and Tasmania.
Fig: 2: Sexual assault by year
In this visualization, it has given the overview of five-year data of the Australian domestic violence in term of sexual assault for the year 2010 to 2015. The highest rate is in year 2015 and it has been gradually increasing each year. Although being a developed country and having so many awareness, the numbers of domestic violence are still increasing each year.
Fig: 3: Domestic Violence male and female offender by Age group (years)
As per the above visualization, the record clearly shows the context of different age group by the measure of female and male, for all the age group female has the highest number of domestic violence occur. The spike in the graph shows that for females between the age of 15-19 face the most domestic violence. Whereas for males, they face domestic violence in an early age between 0-9. But the number of females being violated has always been larger in number than male violation. However, it can be seen there is a drastic change in female violation after the age of 20-24.
Fig: 4: Assault by Sate in different age group
This visualization of temperature graphs shows that the rate of assault is the maximum, in state NSW compare to other state and the victims were high in the age group of 25-34 is the highest rate of assault that have occurred.
Fig: 5: The type of objects used by offenders classified by gender
The figure shows that there are number of object been identified which was used by offender like: Knife, Fire arm, no weapon used and weapon use, which is classified according to male and female. The visualization shows that in both cases of male and female, the domestic violence had occurred in endures without the use of any weapon.
Fig: 6: The object used by offender at different state
The above graph shows that the use of weapons to violate female is relatively more than men. This measure is done in different state of Australia for past five years. It shows that for every year NSW has the highest number of object used by offender.
Fig: 7: Domestic Violence data showing relationship of offenders to victim
In this figure it shows there are number of domestic violence shown in regards to relationship like: Domestic Violation from Ex-partner, Intimate partner, other family member, parents and other non-family members. In this visualization report the biggest offenders were intimate partners and partners. In comparison of male and females, the highly victimized is female than male.
Fig: 8: Domestic Violence by Location
In this line graph it shows there are number of incidents happens in different location as a domestic violence like: Residential areas, Retail stores, Streets, public transport and communal areas. From the graph above it was safe to conclude that clearly most number of domestic violence attacks happen in residential settings which means people are most unsafe in their own houses, which is a major concern for Australian citizens.
Fig: 9: NSW Domestic violence related assault by year
After the above visualization report we have identified that NWS has the maximum number of domestic violence compare to other state.to make more clear visualization we looked depth into NWS only. In which it shows that every year an increasing number of perpetrators of domestic violence are being indicted in New South Wales, one may also view it as the increasing number of crimes. It also reconfirms the fact that the problem of domestic violence is increasing, not just in New South Wales which is one of the worst culprits but throughout Australia in general.
Fig: 10: Data of NSW offender who were sentenced
In this visualization, it shows as the number of domestic violence is increasing every year in this report same as the governments and councils has made a strike rules and regulation where date of NSW offender who were sentenced highly in 2016. This gradually increasing each year this is positive sign for prevaricated of domestic violence.
In the conclusion we have found that domestic violence is prevalent all throughout Australia with the highest incidents in New South Wales. Cases have been on the rise gradually in the past few years. Looking at the victims’ age-groups we concluded that the youngest are the most vulnerable as the highest victims were found in teenagers age between15 to 19. While the likelihood of men experiencing attacks went down with increasing age, for women there is another vulnerable period during the age bracket of 25-34. So, being 25-25 in New South Wales is the most likely scenario to face domestic violence. With regards to the violence itself, we concluded that most violence was carried out unarmed, so there no link between weapon possession and domestic violence that we could confirm. The people most likely to commit such crimes was found to be intimate partners/partners and distantly followed by relatives. Perhaps this also makes sense considering that we also found that a vast majority of attacks happened in domestic households rather than public places or elsewhere. Considering NSW was the most notorious state we studied it in more depth and noticed a rising pattern in such cases in the past 5 years consistently. At the same time however, it was of some reassurance that convictions in NSW also have increased during the same time frame.
In the ending there is almost every day all around the world excruciating and shocking incidents of domestic violence are happening. The awareness need to raise, voice for the discrimination has to rise and all of us has be a voice for the thousands of disregarded people. Being a one of the developed country all governments and councils at every level should to address these distresses for the betterment of kindness for upcoming generation.