Written by :
Pooja Golani () and Dhruv Kothari (4576526)
We are students pursuing post graduation from Victoria University. This blog is a part of our curriculum’s assessment.
What is domestic violence?
Intimate violence, more commonly known as Domestic violence is a form of violence that can occur between people who share any sort of relationship with each other. Domestic violence can be of many types like physical, emotional, psychological, economic and mental. These varieties of abuses need to be examined in more detail to analyze a trend in these crimes over the past years. Physical violence is observed when a person of any age experiences bitting, slapping, beating by known individuals at various locations. Sexual violence is used by offenders to demean and control an individual (Smith & Powell 1989).
Fig :1 No of incidents of Domestic Violence in different parts of Australia
The graph in figure:1 is depicting different regions of Australia and the total number of incidents of domestic violence in these regions. The key areas covered are Perth and New South Wales (henceforth, NSW). NSW is shown being one of the most prone regions for domestic violence with numbers as high as 59,833 . In 2014 and 2015 the number of incidents were highest in NSW follwed by Western Australia which was counted to be approximately 32,648.
Fig: 2 No of Incidents by Region, Category and Gender
This bar chart in figure: 2 shows the number of incidents based on their category and gender in different regions of Australia. We can visualize from this chart is that majority of the incidents are either assaults or sexual assaults. Thus our study mainly focuses on these two types of domestic violence. We can also discover that the maximum number of assaults have ensued in NSW i.e. 70k and is followed by WA (Western Australia) with 60k being the next.
This slope chart in figure: 3 provides information about the number of incidents based on the region and the age groups of the people who have experienced domestic violence and the year in which these incidents have taken place. It is clearly visible from this chart that the majority of the victims are between the age group of 25-34. Maximum in NSW with count of more than 7,000 incidents then comes WA and then South Australia being the least with almost 2,328 incidents.
Assault – majorly by intimate partner
Fig: 4 No of Incidents by Relationship, Gender and Religion
This table in figure: 4 provides information about the number of incidents based on the relationship, gender and religion. This table clearly states that the maximum number of assaults were by accused who were intimate partner counting to 25,918 or by a partner (19,825 incidents). This clearly indicates that these incidents were performed mostly by the closely related ones. The other thing to notice is that maximum no of incidents happened with females in the NSW region.
Whereas, the victims of sexual Assault were majorly residential females
Fig No 5: No. of Incidence by Year, Gender and Location
The graph indicates the number of domestic violence cases based on the location of the assault and the gender of the victim over the period of three years. The major category of the victims were female who were assaulted in the residence. In 2014, the male victims were assaulted in the residence or in the community. In 2015, 69 cases of males were reported where the location was other than these two. The female victims were nearly five times more than the males in 2014. However, within the same gender, the increase in the cases of residential domestic violence was less than 500.
Nearly 2% of offenders used weapons
Fig No 6: No. of Incidence by Weapons
The major victims of domestic violence were threatened without weapons. A little more than 2% cases involved the usage of weapons. Most of the assaulters did not use any weapons to intimidate the victim.
In last 12 months we can observe that victims are more between the ages of 18-24
Fig No 7: No of people experienced assault in last 12 months by Age
The youth aging 18-24 years are the major victims of domestic violence. A major conclusion from the above bar chart is that with the increase in age of the victims, the domestic violence experiences show a decreasing trend.
Fig No 8: No. of people experienced assault in last 12 months by State/ Territory
In the last twelve months, NSW again shows high numbers of victims of domestic violence. Queensland ranks second. These regions have cases which when added up are more than the rest all of the regions. This fact raises an alarm as the numbers are too high to miss our notice.
Most of the basic permutations and combinations of the nature of the victims were analysed. Based on this, NSW was the top most area housing the victims of the domestic violence. Females formed a major part of the victims. Among the females, majority of the victims were residential ones. This proves that the crime took place in the house ruling out the accused being someone other than closed relatives. Intimate partners and partners formed a big portion of the suspect of domestic violence.
ABS. (2016, July 13). 4510.0 – Recorded Crime – Victims, Australia, 2015. Retrieved from Australian Bureau of Statistics.
ABS. (2016, December 19). Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved from Victims of Family and Domestic Violence – Related Offences.
Smith, M., & Powell, P. (n.d.). Domestic Violence: An Overview. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, 1989.