Written by Mahshid Izadmousa (s4576161) and Dinh Sang Tran(s4576075)
Victoria University – Sydney Campus provides postgraduate students who had enrolled in the Business Analytics course (BCO6007) to SAP Lumira – a part of the SAP Business Suite, as a final assignment to research and analyse on the issue of domestic violence in Australia and communicate their findings effectively through data visualization.
This analysis allows an illustrative view of domestic violence incidents in Australia and its causes, statistical distributions, systematic responses, and much more can be derived thanks to SAP LUMIRA.
How SAP Lumira works:
With SAP Lumira, SAP is expanding its product portfolio in the field of data exploration and visualization. Thanks to its simple operation and a clear interface, SAP Lumira is directly aimed at the end user. The aim is always to visualize the most diverse data and to analyze large amounts of data in order to make better decisions.
On the way to this goal, SAP Lumira guides the user in four steps:
- importing data
- enriching data
- generating visualizing
- analysing data,
The results can then be shared with other users.
What is domestic violence and its effects:
Domestic violence encompasses all forms of physical, sexual and / or psychological violence between adult persons but also against animals or property in a domestic community, without consideration for a specific legal relationship (eg. marriage, partnership), sexual orientation or sexual orientation age. The psychological and health consequences of violence are manifold and can occur in the short, medium and long term.
Several victims of violence have traumatic symptoms. Trauma is a result of a very stressful experience, such as threat, being exposed, helplessness, death, with the result that the situation cannot be managed psychologically. Traumatized people often feel closer to death than to life. Their self- and world-understanding has been deeply shaken by the experience.
Domestic violence is unacceptable because it is always very painful not only because it hurts physically but also because the soul is injured. Therefore, violence must not be tolerated.
We shall use SAP lumira to come to do the necessary research to find more insight as to what are the problems with regards to domestic violence in Australia, who are the main victims groups and other such trends and patterns and hopefully conclude with possible solutions to these problems.
This work will visualise following Situations:
- Figure 1. Total incidents by State in Australia
- Figure 2. Assault Males and Females in period 2014-2015
- Figure 3. Sexual Assault by state and territories 2014-2015
- Figure 4. Kidnapping/Abduction by Gender by Age group (years)
- Figure 5. Homicide and related offences by location in 2014
- Figure 6. Homicide and related offences by location in 2015
- Figure 7. Domestic violence related assault in NSW
Figure 1. Total incidents by State in Australia
According to the recorded of Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015), in the period 2014-2015 New South Wales(NSW), Western Australia(WA) and South Australia(SA) had the most violent incidents respectively 66390, 33936 and 15742.
Australian Capital Territory(ACT) had the lowest violent incidents (1457). The reason for that could be used in other state to reduce their violence count.
Figure 2. Assault Males and Females in period 2014-2015
There were not published information about assault males and females in Victoria and Queensland. It is clear that New South Wales has the most assault by gender (19673 for males and 40256 for females), follow by Western Australia and South Australia. While the total assaults related to females always greater than males, at least double in New South Wales and nearly fourfold in the other states except Victoria and Queensland (not published).
Figure 3. Sexual Assault by state and territories 2014-2015
The line chart shows that in each age groups, New South Wales has the highest sexual assault while Tasmania(Tas) has the lowest. The years 0-9 also has the highest sexual assault number in each state. The number of sexual assault were gone down by the increasing years. Besides, a study by UNRIC (2017) shows that most of number sexual violence has been occurred in children.
Figure 4. Kidnapping/Abduction by Gender by Age group (years)
As it shown in the column chart, the years 20-34 has the highest number of abduction in both males and females (20 and 101). While the group 55 years and over has the minimum number of kidnapping.
Figure 5. Homicide and related offences by location in 2014.
Figure 6. Homicide and related offences by location in 2015
Both New South Wales and Queensland had the same number of offences by residential in 2014 (42) while there were no published data for Tasmania, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory. Similarly, in 2015 only Australian Capital Territory showed the figure of offences. In 2015, there was a decline in the total of homicide and related offences in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland, while South Australia as well as Western Australia saw an upward trend in the figure.
Figure 7. Domestic violence related assault in NSW
Figure 7 exhibits the Domestic violence related assault in New South Wales in the last 5 years (from April 2012 till March 2017). As it shown, the number of incidents related assault in New South Wales were increasing slightly from the period April 2012- March 2013 to April 2015- March 2016 (27986 to 29312). After that, it went down to 28926 in period April 2012- March 2013. In general, the course remained between 2012 with 38,3 % to March 2017 with 37,97% constant.
In general, we can conclude that all around Australia domestic violence is happening. New South Wales has the highest count and in particular there are more female affected. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called on people around the world to take a determined approach to a culture of discrimination. On the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (25 November), Ban stated that all governments must abide by their commitments to end violence against women and girls worldwide. This kind of data visualisation and analyses can help the whole world to have a clear view to be able to act systematic and useful.
Recorded Crime – Victims, 2015
Statement by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (25 November). viewed 21 June 2017
Sexual violence : the silent weapon of war. viewed 21 June 2017