Domestic Violence is a big problem in Australia
by José Erick (s4575060) & Snigdhanil Barua (s4575796)
In 2016 Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull held a meeting with the Council of Australian Governments to discuss the problem of domestic violence in Australia. Basing in the report Victorian Royal Commission into Family Violence and several requests for investigation of domestic violence to ABC Fact Check, they discussed and investigated the data on this issue.
Firstly, there was a deficiency in obtaining data and information on this issue, as well as the difficulty in interpreting the subject. In addition, they realized the lack of data and information that could assess periodicity and the direct impact on society. The commission talked to experts to analyse the data and link them by understanding the lack of identification, groups, facts, beyond the lack of data on child victims. In the general survey Rosie Batty (Australian of the year) said that the problem of Domestic Violence is a national epidemic. She spoke to the Australian parliament and showed the gender nature by linking the problem directly to women. The Minister of Social Services added that the problem was directly and conclusively linked to the violence of men against women and girls, he was answering the question about violence against men (abc.net.au, 2016).
The students who had enrolled in the Business Analytics course (BCO6007) at Victoria University – Sydney Campus were introduced to SAP Lumira – a part of the SAP Business Suite. As a final assignment we were asked to do some research on the issue of domestic violence in Australia and communicate our findings effectively through data visualisation.
Domestic violence is widely considered to be a big problem in Australia. Initial research clearly showed that every year incidents were recorded in the thousands throughout the country. One of the most vital resources we came across was a publication by the Australian Bureau of Statistics which was released in July 2016 titled ‘Victims of Family and Domestic Violence’. The publication included over 130,000 incidents of varying nature across the 8 states and territories of Australia for the years 2014 and 2015.
The publication, however lacks the data for physical assaults recorded in the states of Victoria and Queensland which is why the total number of incidents recorded for the two big states is considerably low.
The collected data included certain records where the gender of the victim were not identified.
As noticed that number is statistically insignificant. However, the more obvious fact that is visible from this donut chart is that females make up a significant number of the total number of victims – nearly three-fourths.
Thus we shall only focus on victims with specified gender.
For both male and female victims, physical (non-sexual) assault is the most common followed by sexual assault.
The most affected group in assault incidents is the group aged 24-35 years, striking the highest peaks of the research. Rates are high in the same group for all states of the country.
When it comes to sexual assault there is a slightly different pattern. Younger groups are the bigger targets as the graph peaks in the lowest age groups, with a slight increase again in the 25-34 bracket.
Thus when we look at overall records of incidents, women(girls) between 10 to 19 years are the main victims of domestic violence such as show the graphic below.
Our next task was to examine what relationships victims had to perpetrators. We gathered data for the same and analysed to find the following graph:
To clarify the above, we filter and ranked the top 3 kinds of offenders to obtain the graphic below:
The biggest offenders of these women are their partners followed by the ex-partners and unknown people thirdly, showing what was cited in the article ABC Fact Check saying that the victims are almost always related to intimate relationships.
Our final analysis was to find out the most likely location of attack. Clearly an overwhelming majority of attacks happened in residential areas but not limited to it; extends to the streets, in the transport and the other parts of the communal areas.
Our research analysed available data on domestic violence in the country and concluded that violence against women and girls is greater than any other type of domestic violence in Australia. The biggest target group are the youngest females in our community and are most unsafe in their own homes. While the conclusion is sad, we hope our analysis can help those is power to take necessary measures to curb this problem in Australia.