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Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana

Consumption of CDS views in Analysis for Office

What is Analysis for Office?

SAP Business Objects Analysis, edition for Microsoft Office, is a Microsoft Office Add-In that allows multidimensional analysis of OLAP sources. It connects to SAP NetWeaver BW and SAP HANA.
Analysis plug-in includes versions for Microsoft Excel where Analysis for Microsoft Excel is a reporting tool.

CDS View to be consumed by Analysis for Office

Here we will learn through top down approach i.e. understanding the consumption view first and then going down to the interface views consumed in consumption view. After consuming the view, we will learn ways to view the latest data and to change value of input parameters without launching analysis for Office again.

Consumption View

Below is your consumption view Z_C_SFLIGHT_SCARR which is using interface view Z_I_SCARRFLIGHT_DEMO

Interface View(s)

Z_I_SCARRFLIGHT Is Association of two Views Z_I_SCARRDEMO and Z_I_FLIGHTDEMO on carrier ID

Interface view Z_I_FLIGHTDEMO

Interface view Z_I_SCARRDEMO

Steps to consume CDS view in Analysis for Office

Insert a data source (in our case a CDS view) and display the results in Analysis for Office

Skip the Logon to SAP Business Objects BI Platform

Select the system

Search with SQL view name of CDS view

Annotation @Consumption.filter is used to apply filter on the fields of a view. Marking multiple selection as true allows multiple inputs on the field. Also a field can be marked as optional or mandatory using the same annotation.

Refer line number 16 in Fig. 1
Here, @consumption.filter is applied on CarrierId.

Use value help and select Airline AA

Press OK and you will be able to view the data in Analysis for Office

This excel sheet can be saved and provided as a template for the end user. End user can change the input parameter via prompts and view data accordingly.
Also, Refresh All button can be used to view the latest data.

Click on Prompts from Data Source

This simple example demonstrated how easy it is to create user friendly reports using CDS View and its annotations.

 

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      42 Comments
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      Author's profile photo Kenneth Moore
      Kenneth Moore

      Hello Priyanka,

       

      Nice blog!  I tried it, but the CDS view does not show up when I search for it in Analysis for Excel.  Is this a release specific functionality?  Is the system you are working with an R/3 system or a BW system?

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hello Kenneth,

       

      Thanks!

      Please check the annotation @VDM.viewtype in your code. Views with view type consumption are visible as source in Analysis for Office.

      The system I am working upon is an S/4 HANA system.

       

      Author's profile photo Kenneth Moore
      Kenneth Moore

      I see.  We are not on HANA.  Thanks.

      Author's profile photo Karan Sehjpal
      Karan Sehjpal

      good work priyanka.

       

      yet so simple to understand. thanks

      Author's profile photo Daniel Klein
      Daniel Klein

      Hello Priyanka,

       

      thank you for this blog, but please add some info about which ABAP (Netweaver) release you are working on and which Analysis Office version you used.

      It seems you used Netweaver 7.51, as the "@ClientHandling" annotation is only available since this version.

       

      Thanks and Regards

       

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Daniel,

       

      Version of Analysis for office is 2.3.1.59737.

       

      Regards,

      Priyanka

       

       

      Author's profile photo Rajesh Majeti
      Rajesh Majeti

      Hi Priyanka,

       

      Thank you for the blog.

       

      We followed the same and was able to  get the output we always have the technical name of the infoprovider to the dimensions. How can we have  remove the technical name of infoprovider?.

       

      Regards,

      Rajesh

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Hello Priyanka,

      thanks for your blog!

      I followed your steps but couldn't find the consumption views in the search.

      Are there any more settings requested?

       

      Thanks and regards,

      Birgit

       

       

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Birgit,

       

      Please check the annotation

      @VDM.viewType: #CONSUMPTION.

      It should be set to #Consumption to make it visible in the input source in Analysis for Office.

       

      Thanks,

      Priyanka

      Author's profile photo Abhishek Jain
      Abhishek Jain

      I have the same issue. Something is missing when we follow mentioned steps for connecting from Analysis Office.

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Abhishek,

       

      What is the issue? Please also mention the version of analysis for office that you are using.

       

      Regards,

      Priyanka

      Author's profile photo Muruga MuthuKrishnan
      Muruga MuthuKrishnan

      Hi Priyanka,

      I am facing the same issue, Consumption view is not showing up in Analysis office version 2.5. Another interesting issue is when I use case statement in my composite view corresponding measures are not coming in the analysis office. Do you face similar issue??

      Thanks,

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Try using 2C* or 2C concatenated with your view name.

       

      Thanks,

      Priyanka

      Author's profile photo Muruga MuthuKrishnan
      Muruga MuthuKrishnan

       

      Hi Priyanka,

      Thanks for your input. Facing another problem while integrating consumption view in AFO. Report has selection prompt as system date which should be editable prompt.

      Through F4 help if we change the date means then new date value is not updating the prompt whereas the same is working in RSRT.

      Please provide your input.

      Thanks,

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      BO - AfO can consume both transient provider queries (@Analytics.query:true) and SAP BW transient providers (@Analytics.dataCategory:#CUBE).

      SAP BW transient providers and SAP BW transient provider queries will have names in the form 2C<CDS_SQL_VIEW>

       

      Regards,

      Shyam

      Author's profile photo Driss Essika
      Driss Essika

      Hi Priyanka,

       

      Thanks for you input. But i'm facing the same issues

      From rsrt i find my cds query but from Analysis For Office i don't find the query...

       

      I process like this :

      . I copied the cds view C_ProfitAndLossPlanActQ2903 -> 2CCFIPLPLANACT

       

      my cds view name is :

       

      @AbapCatalog.sqlViewName : 'ZCPROFLO2'
      @AbapCatalog.compiler.compareFilter: true
      @EndUserText.label: 'ZP&L - Plan/Actual'
      @VDM.viewType: #CONSUMPTION
      @Analytics.query: true
      @AccessControl.authorizationCheck: #PRIVILEGED_ONLY

      @Analytics.settings.maxProcessingEffort: #HIGH
      @ClientHandling.algorithm: #SESSION_VARIABLE
      @AbapCatalog.buffering.status: #NOT_ALLOWED
      @Metadata.ignorePropagatedAnnotations: true

      @ObjectModel.usageType.sizeCategory: #XXL
      @ObjectModel.usageType.serviceQuality: #D
      @ObjectModel.usageType.dataClass: #MIXED

       

      S4HANA 1909

      Author's profile photo Maksim Alyapyshev
      Maksim Alyapyshev

      Hi!

      Did you tried 2CCMATSTOCKACT or simply 2C*? it should work in Analysis or rsrt.

       

      Br, Maksim

      Author's profile photo Muruga MuthuKrishnan
      Muruga MuthuKrishnan

       

      Yes issue is resolved.Thanks for your input. Facing another problem while integrating consumption view in AFO. Report has selection prompt as system date which should be editable prompt.

      Through F4 help if we change the date means then new date value is not updating the prompt whereas the same is working in RSRT.

      Please provide your input.

      Thanks,

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Muruga,

       

      Please attach the screen shot of where you are trying to edit the input parameter.

      Is it only with DATE as input parameter or did you try it with an input parameter other than date?

       

       

       

      Author's profile photo Former Member
      Former Member

      Hello Priyanka,

      Firstly thank you so much for your blog appreciate all your effort you put into CDS View .

      I have couple of live issues running in my project ..

      1. Can you help me in how to activate or step involved for F4 help or LOV in the variable screen in S4HANA.I was trying to create  prompts ( Variable) in query designer and then publish to AO(as I have no option for optional prompts in CDS).
      2. And also help us out how to publish my CDS view in the folder structure in AO ( in Area Tab). I was able to find my CDS view in search option but not able to find in the folder structure in AO.

      AO >> Analysis Office

       

      Thanks,

      Sanjeev

      Author's profile photo Lavanya A
      Lavanya A

      Hi Priyanka,

      I am using a CDS View in Analysis for Office .The view contains a few Input parameters and a few  fields marked as Filter.

      Below is the annotation I am using to bring the fields in the AO Prompt:

      @Consumption.filter: { selectionType : #SINGLE, multipleSelections: true }

      Now, I want to sequence the filter fields and the input parameters in a particular order.

      What is the annotation for sequencing fields in the Prompt?

      Also, how do we modify the Labels appearing in the Prompt? It is by default taking the text from Data element. Can we alter this by any Annotations ?

       

      Regards

      Lavanya

       

       

      Author's profile photo Georgios Oikonomou
      Georgios Oikonomou

      Hello Lavanya,

      In order to display your filter fields in a particular order use the following annotation where '1' is the sequence number

      @AnalyticsDetails.query.variableSequence : 1

      In order to modify the labels use

      @EndUserText.label: 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxx'

      Regards

      Author's profile photo Lavanya A
      Lavanya A

      Thank you Georgios!

      Author's profile photo Matt Zhou
      Matt Zhou

      Hi Priyanka,

      I created a consumption CDS view with annotation "@Analytics.query:true " inside.

      And expect to run it from Analysis for Office.

      But I can't find it from the AFO search of "Select Data Source" by loging into my sandbox S4H system.

      However, I can see consumption views with annotation "@Analytics.query:true " delivered by SAP in AFO.

      So I copied a SAP consumption view C_SalesOrderItemQry and activate it under another name, still can't find it from AFO.

      Then to make a consumption view available in AFO, any further setting required besides the annotation of @Analytics.query:true ?

      I'm using:

      AFO 2.3
      HANA 2.00.034.00

      S4HANA on Premise 1809

      Thanks!

      Regards,

      Matt

       

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Matt,

       

      Did you try to search with 2C*? Please try with 2C* and if it still does not work then we can keep a meeting to check.

       

      Thanks and regards,

      Priyanka Sadana

      Author's profile photo Cristina Ungureanu
      Cristina Ungureanu

      Hi Priyanka,

       

      I created a consumption CDS view, with the parameters:

      @VDM.viewType:#CONSUMPTION
      @Analytics.query: true
      @OData.publish: true

      And I am not able to find the CDS in Analysis for Office, I tried to find it with 2C*, also the query is available in Fiori.

      Do you have any idea witch can be the problem?

      Regards,

      Cristina

       

      Author's profile photo Matt Zhou
      Matt Zhou

      ​Got reply from SAP:

      From S/4HANA 1809, a CDS query (CDS view with annotation @AnalyticsDetails.query:true) is available in Open Query dialog box only when it is set as C1-released (As a developer on customer-site, you can use the Use System-Internally (C1) release contract to make custom objects available for use in key user apps. The other release contracts are only relevant for SAP development.).

      Refer to SAP Knowledge Base Article 2733553 for details.

      If tab ‘API State’ of the view properties is not available in your Eclipse ABAP Development Tool, you can install/upgrade to the latest version after adding URL https://tools.hana.ondemand.com/photon/ into “Available Software Sites”.

      Tested the suggested solution, now my consumption views with @AnalyticsDetails.query:true are visible in AFO.

      Another test in S4HANA 1610 shows that there is no such “feature”, which again confirmed that this is something new from 1809 as mentioned above.

      Author's profile photo Cristina Ungureanu
      Cristina Ungureanu

      Thank you Matt, I am working on S/4HANA 1809 and I have set it as C1 released and now it's available in AFO.

      Author's profile photo Deodutt Dwivedi
      Deodutt Dwivedi

      Hi Matt,

      Thanks for the info. Is this a transportable change?

      Regards,

      Deo

      Author's profile photo subhrangsu bagchi
      subhrangsu bagchi

      Stumbled across it more than 2 years after it was published, but still very helpful. Thanks Priyanka

      Author's profile photo Alexey Artemov
      Alexey Artemov

      Thank you a lot!

      It helped. There is also explanation about use state for SAP objects

      https://help.sap.com/doc/saphelp_nw751abap/7.51.0/de-DE/90/339a4e940e44f2be4e96bb9d3b3d4d/frameset.htm

      Author's profile photo Mohammed Rafiq Shaik
      Mohammed Rafiq Shaik

      It is a nice Blog ...

       

      Could you please help anyone as I am new to CDS Views and my requirement is as follows;

      I want to enhance FSV (GL Hierarchy) in current Consumption CDS View.

       

      Regards,

      Rafi

      Author's profile photo magge kris
      magge kris

      Hello Priyanka,

       

      Looking for answer similar to question Matt Zhou  above. More or less we have same issue. We are unable to see the  CDS view folders - Info areas in AO. SAP suggested to use check in RSRT, still the same issue. The folders are not showing up in the RSRT or AO. We followed all the steps Matt Zhou - mentioned ( Suggested by SAP ). Unable to find the FOLDER. Is there any way to transport the application component/ Infoarea. We are looking for infoarea - BI in S/4 system RSRT and in AO . Could you please let us know when you get a chance. All auth are provided.

       

      Regards

      Ramakrishnan Ramanathaiah

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Ramakrishnan,

       

      Try searching for any consumption CDS view with 2C* and then check the path of this CDS. This will give you the exact folder. In case you still face the issue we can keep a call to resolve it.

       

      Regards,

      Priyanka

      Author's profile photo Masoom Ahmad
      Masoom Ahmad

      Hi Priyanka,

      Thanks for this Great blog!!

      I have one scenario; I have to build an AO report with ranges/multi-select of inputs in AO prompts, but the reporting requirement is complex, so I will have to use AMDP basically I will create CDS Table function, now data will not be fetched straight forward from the table based on what user provides input in AO input prompt, but I have to do some calculation and return the summarised data to AO, for this case I need to have what user has given input in AO input screen.

      So I can capture the input values(of AO) into CDS table function(or AMDP) so that I can manipulate the data in AMDP.

      Please give me some direction.

      Thanks

       

      Author's profile photo Shetulkumar Chothani
      Shetulkumar Chothani

      Very informative blog Priyanka, Thank you...!!!

       

      I am having a date range selection on my CDS view and so am using

      @Consumption.filter : {selectionType : #RANGE, multipleSelections : true, mandatory: true }

      The date range selection is coming up fine on the selection prompt, however, I want to default the operator to range [] instead of = that Analysis for office prompt shows by default.

      This way both From and To input boxes will be enabled by default and users will not have to change the operator selection. Please let me know if you have any thoughts on this. Thanks.

      Author's profile photo Sreekanth Ravindranath
      Sreekanth Ravindranath

      Hello

       

      I would like to know how do we transport the workbook template created in AO from the CDS view to  Quality and Production systems

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      The template gets saved as the AO file and the CDS are transported via the TR. We just need to select the system while launching the file.

      Author's profile photo Rajkumar N
      Rajkumar N

      From AFO, is it possible to call the ABAP Exit Class using VirtualElement annotation?

      Author's profile photo Priyanka Sadana
      Priyanka Sadana
      Blog Post Author

      Hi Rajkumar,

       

      I am not aware about this. We can schedule a call to discuss the specific requirement.

      Author's profile photo Technical User
      Technical User

      Hello Priya,

       

      We are facing the following issue and maybe you can help.

       

      We have created several workbooks in AFO based on ABAP CDS views. However, when we modify the layout of the workbook and save it locally or under a role, the layout is not preserved. When the workbook is re-opened, the default layout is used. The one defined in the consumption view using the annotation .query.axis.

      Is there a way to preserve the workbook layout instead of switching to the default one defined by the consumption view, each time the workbook opens?

      Thanks alot,

       

      Nikos

      Author's profile photo Arghadeep Aditya
      Arghadeep Aditya

      Can we save this 2C* consumption query inside a role > folder in AO? If yes, how to do that?