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For more detail about how product determination works in one order scenario, please refer to this blog: Product Alternative ID used in Opportunity Line item product determination.

As it is not possible to only create the test class for a given function module via ABAP unit test framework, but the test class has to be created on function group level:

For demonstration purpose I would not like to modify SAP standard function group, so I create a new local class as wrapper with a method name which is exactly equal to the function module name. As a result now I can just create local test class against this wrapper class by ABAP unit test wizard:

For determination failure case, it is easy to implement, just pass an non-existing ordered product as input parameter value for iv_ordered_product. If determination fails as expected, es_product_detail and cv_ordered_prod will remain initial.

For successful determination case, I expect that the standard product id ( gv_prod_id ) should be determined based on alternative ID ( gv_altid ).

In my unit test, the alternative ID value contained in gv_altid and the product id contained in gv_prod_id are fake, neither of them point to a real product in the system. When I debug the product determination based on real product performed in WebUI, I found these two database tables are joined for determination.

As a result, I plan to create corresponding dummy entry in these two database tables in the SETUP method of test class:

CALL FUNCTION 'GUID_CREATE'
      IMPORTING
        ev_guid_16 = mv_fake_prod_guid.

    ls_mock_alt_id = VALUE #( product_guid = mv_fake_prod_guid
           upname = sy-uname
           altvehno = gv_altid ).

    INSERT isam_o_veh_ids FROM ls_mock_alt_id.
    DATA(prod) = VALUE comm_product( product_guid = mv_fake_prod_guid
         product_id = gv_prod_id
         product_type = '01' upname = sy-uname ).

    INSERT comm_product FROM prod.
    COMMIT WORK AND WAIT.

And remove them in TEARDOWN:

METHOD teardown.
    DELETE FROM isam_o_veh_ids WHERE product_guid = mv_fake_prod_guid.

    DELETE FROM comm_product WHERE product_guid = mv_fake_prod_guid.
    COMMIT WORK AND WAIT.

  ENDMETHOD.

In the meantime, the determination function module needs a guid for one order header object ORDERADM_H. When the function module is executed, the header data will be read from buffer. In my unit test, in order to ensure that the header read from buffer succeed, I have to first insert the buffer of dummy object header via the following code in SETUP method:

DATA: ls_mock_header TYPE crmt_orderadm_h_wrk,
          ls_mock_alt_id TYPE isam_o_veh_ids,
          lt_link        TYPE crmt_link_comt,
          ls_link        LIKE LINE OF lt_link.
    CREATE OBJECT f_cut.

    CALL FUNCTION 'GUID_CREATE'
      IMPORTING
        ev_guid_16 = mv_header.

    ls_mock_header-guid = mv_header.
    ls_mock_header-process_type = gv_oppt_proc_type.

    CALL FUNCTION 'CRM_ORDERADM_H_PUT_OB'
      EXPORTING
        is_orderadm_h_wrk = ls_mock_header.

The complete source code could be found from here.

The unit test could successfully be executed and all tests pass:

However, when looking back about the unit test implementation, I find the test has dependency on the transaction type which must exist in current system and has been configured with Alternative ID correctly.
Suppose my unit test code is transported to a testing system where type “ZJER” does not exist, the unit test will fail there.

As a result, the improvement would be:
1. Change the constant value of process type from “ZJER” to a type which does not exist in any system, for example “ABCD”:

2. Append the following source code to the end part of SETUP method, to create a temporary transaction type for unit test purpose:

3. Remove the temporary transaction type in TEARDOWN method:

As displayed above, I have two test methods DETERMINE_OK and DETERMINE_FAIL to test these two boundary conditions.

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