In the previous blog entry, we looked into building a HEAT template for SAP instances.

In part 2 of the series SAP-as-a-Server with OpenStack Cloud, we will build-up on the previous HEAT template to create a HANA instance.

Running HANA on top of KVM is not certified for running production. Running a development / quality instance does not have restrictions.

The HANA HEAT Template should automate the following setup.

  1. Use a SUSE for SAP Image
  2. Take the inputs for the HANA system (Instance Size (S,M,L,XL), Instance SID, Passwords to be set)
  3. Create a Server based on the Instance Size chosen
  4. Block Attachments from different Volume Types, size varies again based on the Instance Size
  5. Create mount point for HANA data /hana/<SID>/global/hdb/data
  6. Create mount point for HANA data /hana/<SID>/global/hdb/log
  7. Create mount point for HANA Installer
  8. Download the HANA Installer from a repo (This needs to be created prior)
  9. Do an unattended installation of HANA Server

HEAT Stack Inputs

hana_heat_launch

HANA Instance Type : Small = 24GB, Medium = 32GB, Large= 48GB , ExtraLarge=64GB

Once you launch the stack, the necessary operations start orchestrating. We have to wait till the Stack completely gets created.

hana_heat_launch2

 

hana_heat_launch3

The Complete Stack Operation should complete within 10 minutes.

hana_heat_launch4

The HEAT stack automates the complete setup of the HANA system, including the setup of the Data Volume and the log volume locations and attachment to the respective block storages. Also after the stack is completed, you can use your existing HANA Studio to connect to the HANA

hanastudio

The following HEAT template was used to achieve this:

heat_template_version: 2015-04-30

description: >
  A template showing how to create a Nova instance, a Cinder volume and attach
  the volume to the instance. The template uses only Heat OpenStack native
  resource types.

parameters:
  hanainstance_type:
    type: string
    label: HANA Instance Type 
    description: SAP Instance Type Ex ECCEHP7, ECCEHP6, NW74
    constraints:
      -  allowed_values: [ 'Small', 'Medium', 'Large', 'ExtraLarge' ] 
   
  hanainstance_sid:
    type: string
    label: HANA Instance SID  
    description: HANA Instance SID
    constraints:
       - length: {min: 3, max: 3}
         description: SID should be of 3 Characters
       - allowed_pattern: "[A-Z][A-Z0-9][A-Z0-9]"

  hanasystem_password:
    type: string
    label: SYSTEM user Password
    description: The password for SYSTEM User 
    constraints:
       - length: {min: 8}
         description: Password should be minimum of 8 Characters

  hanasapadm_password:
    type: string
    label: SAP Host Agent User Password
    description: The password for SAP Host Agent (sapadm)
    constraints:
       - length: {min: 8}
         description: Password should be minimum of 8 Characters

  hanasidadm_password:
    type: string
    label: HANA System Administrator Password
    description: The password for HANA System Administrator (<sid>adm)
    constraints:
       - length: {min: 8}
         description: Password should be minimum of 8 Characters
 
resources:
  floating_ip:
    type: OS::Nova::FloatingIP
    properties:
      pool: floating
 
  wait_condition:
    type: OS::Heat::WaitCondition
    properties:
      handle: {get_resource: wait_handle}
      count: 1
      timeout: 720

  wait_handle:
    type: OS::Heat::WaitConditionHandle
 
  nova_instance:
    type: OS::Nova::Server
    properties:
      image: 'SuseforSAP12SP1'
      flavor: { "Fn::Select" : [ {get_param: hanainstance_type} , { "Small" : 'h1.small', "Medium" : 'h1.medium', "Large" : 'h1.large', "ExtraLarge" : 'h1.xlarge'  } ] }
      key_name: 'phani-laptop'
      name: 'hanaserver'
      networks:
        -  network: 'fixed'
      security_groups:
        - {get_resource: security_group }
      user_data_format: RAW
      user_data:
        str_replace:
          template: |
                #!/bin/bash
                disk1_id='%voldata1_id%'
                disk2_id='%voldata2_id%'
                disk3_id='%voldata3_id%'
                disk1_size='%voldata1_size%'
                disk2_size='%voldata2_size%'
                disk3_size='%voldata3_size%'
                hanasystem_pwd='%hanasystem_password%'
                hanasapadm_pwd='%hanasapadm_password%'
                hanasidadm_pwd='%hanasidadm_password%'
                disk1_size_mb=$(( $disk1_size * 1024 ))
                disk2_size_mb=$(( $disk2_size * 1024 )) 
                disk3_size_mb=$(( $disk3_size * 1024 )) 
                db_mount_point='%dbmountpoint%'
                voldata1_dev="/dev/disk/by-id/virtio-$(echo ${disk1_id} | cut -c -20)"
                voldata2_dev="/dev/disk/by-id/virtio-$(echo ${disk2_id} | cut -c -20)"
                voldata3_dev="/dev/disk/by-id/virtio-$(echo ${disk3_id} | cut -c -20)"
                hanainstance_sid='%hanainst_sid%'
                while [ ! -e ${voldata1_dev} ]; do echo Waiting for volume to attach; sleep 1; done
                while [ ! -e ${voldata2_dev} ]; do echo Waiting for volume to attach; sleep 1; done
                while [ ! -e ${voldata3_dev} ]; do echo Waiting for volume to attach; sleep 1; done
                parted -s ${voldata1_dev} mklabel msdos
                parted -s ${voldata1_dev} mkpart primary ext3 1 ${disk1_size_mb}
                parted -s ${voldata1_dev} set 1 lvm on
                parted -s ${voldata2_dev} mklabel msdos
                parted -s ${voldata2_dev} mkpart primary ext3 1 ${disk2_size_mb}
                parted -s ${voldata2_dev} set 1 lvm on
                parted -s ${voldata3_dev} mklabel msdos
                parted -s ${voldata3_dev} mkpart primary ext3 1 ${disk3_size_mb}
                parted -s ${voldata3_dev} set 1 lvm on
                partprobe
                vgcreate hanasoft ${voldata1_dev}-part1
                vgcreate hanadata ${voldata2_dev}-part1
                vgcreate hanalog ${voldata3_dev}-part1
                #The creation of Logical Volumes sapdata. Right now very simple. We will make it complex as we go.
                lvcreate -l +100%FREE -n dump hanasoft
                lvcreate -l +100%FREE -n data hanadata
                lvcreate -l +100%FREE -n log hanalog
                #lvcreate -L+20G -n sapdump sapdata 
                #The creation of Logical Volumes dbdata. We will just minus 5G from disk2 size (to counter LVM extenrs). Again need to make some proper calculations.
                #lvcreate -L+$(( $disk2_size - 5 ))G -n ${db_mount_point} dbdata
                mkfs.ext4 /dev/hanasoft/dump
                mkfs.ext4 /dev/hanadata/data
                mkfs.ext4 /dev/hanalog/log
                mkdir -p /hana/$( echo ${hanainstance_sid} )/global/hdb/data
                mkdir -p /hana/$( echo ${hanainstance_sid} )/global/hdb/log

                #mkdir -p /sapmnt
                mkdir -p /sapdump
                #mkdir -p /${db_mount_point}
                echo "/dev/hanasoft/dump     /sapdump                ext4        defaults              0 0" >> /etc/fstab
                echo "/dev/hanadata/data     /hana/$( echo ${hanainstance_sid} )/global/hdb/data                ext4        defaults              0 0" >> /etc/fstab
                echo "/dev/hanalog/log     /hana/$( echo ${hanainstance_sid} )/global/hdb/log                ext4        defaults              0 0" >> /etc/fstab
                mount -av
                IPADDR=$(ifconfig | awk -F" +|:" '/inet addr/ && $4 != "127.0.0.1" {print $4}')
                echo "$IPADDR $HOSTNAME" >>/etc/hosts
                cd /sapdump
                wget http://w.x.y.z/saprepo/HANAPLATFORM/HDB_SERVER_LINUX_X86_64.tar.gz
                tar -zxvf HDB_SERVER_LINUX_X86_64.tar.gz
                cd HDB_SERVER_LINUX_X86_64
                cat << EOF > hdb_pwd.xml
                <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
                <Passwords> 
                <password><![CDATA[$( echo ${hanasidadm_pwd} )]]></password>
                <sapadm_password><![CDATA[$( echo ${hanasapadm_pwd} )]]></sapadm_password> 
                <system_user_password><![CDATA[$( echo ${hanasystem_pwd} )]]></system_user_password> 
                </Passwords>
                EOF
                cat hdb_pwd.xml |./hdbinst -b  --number=00 --hostname=hanaserver --sapmnt=/hana -s $( echo ${hanainstance_sid} ) --db_mode=single_container --system_usage=custom --read_password_from_stdin=xml > hdb_inst.log
                wc_notify --data-binary '{"status": "SUCCESS"}' 
          params:
            "%voldata1_id%": { get_resource: cinder_volume1 }
            "%voldata2_id%": { get_resource: cinder_volume2 }
            "%voldata3_id%": { get_resource: cinder_volume3 }
            "%voldata1_size%": 20
            "%voldata2_size%": { "Fn::Select" : [ {get_param: hanainstance_type} , { "Small" : 40, "Medium" : 60, "Large" : 90, "ExtraLarge" : 120  } ] }
            "%voldata3_size%": { "Fn::Select" : [ {get_param: hanainstance_type} , { "Small" : 24, "Medium" : 32, "Large" : 48, "ExtraLarge" : 64 } ] }
            "%hanainst_sid%": { get_param: hanainstance_sid } 
            "%hanasystem_password%" : { get_param: hanasystem_password }
            "%hanasapadm_password%" : { get_param: hanasapadm_password }
            "%hanasidadm_password%" : { get_param: hanasidadm_password }
            wc_notify: { get_attr: ['wait_handle', 'curl_cli'] }
            
  cinder_volume1:
    type: OS::Cinder::Volume
    properties:
      size: 20
      volume_type: 'SUSE-Enterprise-Storage'
  cinder_volume2:
    type: OS::Cinder::Volume
    properties:
      size: { "Fn::Select" : [ {get_param: hanainstance_type} , { "Small" : 40, "Medium" : 60, "Large" : 90, "ExtraLarge" : 120  } ] }
      volume_type: 'NetApp'
  cinder_volume3:
    type: OS::Cinder::Volume
    properties:
      size: { "Fn::Select" : [ {get_param: hanainstance_type} , { "Small" : 24, "Medium" : 32, "Large" : 48, "ExtraLarge" : 64 } ] }
      volume_type: 'NetApp'
  volume_attachment1:
    type: OS::Cinder::VolumeAttachment
    properties:
      volume_id: { get_resource: cinder_volume1 }
      instance_uuid: { get_resource: nova_instance }
      mountpoint: /dev/vdc
  volume_attachment2:
    type: OS::Cinder::VolumeAttachment
    properties:
      volume_id: { get_resource: cinder_volume2 }
      instance_uuid: { get_resource: nova_instance }
      mountpoint: /dev/vdd
  volume_attachment3:
    type: OS::Cinder::VolumeAttachment
    properties:
      volume_id: { get_resource: cinder_volume3 }
      instance_uuid: { get_resource: nova_instance }
      mountpoint: /dev/vde
  association:
    type: OS::Nova::FloatingIPAssociation
    properties:
      floating_ip: { get_resource: floating_ip }
      server_id: { get_resource: nova_instance }
  security_group:
    type: OS::Neutron::SecurityGroup
    properties:
      name: hanasg
      description: Ping and SSH
      rules:
      - protocol: icmp
      - protocol: tcp
        port_range_min: 22
        port_range_max: 22
      - protocol: tcp
        port_range_min: 30015
        port_range_max: 30015
      - protocol: tcp
        port_range_min: 50013
        port_range_max: 50013
outputs:
  instance_ip:
    description: Public IP address of the newly created Nova instance.
    value: { get_attr: [nova_instance, first_address] }


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