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To be able to clear documents, we use the SAP t-codes : FB05 or F-30. Both these transactions are practically the same.

There are three function modules that are required to be able to clear documents through a program . There were plenty of posts but they are all very confusing in terms of flow of information. I thought that this might be a good start.

Step 1.  POSTING_INTERFACE_START

Step 2.  POSTING_INTERFACE_CLEARING

Step 3.  POSTING_INTERFACE_END

Step 1.

I used the following parameters to call the first FM.

 

  CALL FUNCTION ‘POSTING_INTERFACE_START’

         EXPORTING

           i_function              =  “C”       “Call transaction method => C

           i_keep                  =  “X”

           i_user                   =   syuname

           i_update                = ‘S”

         EXCEPTIONS

           client_incorrect          = 1

           function_invalid         = 2

           group_name_missing = 3

           mode_invalid             = 4

           update_invalid           = 5

           OTHERS                  = 6.


Step 2.


In the tables list, the ones which we are going to be concerned are lt_ftpost and lt_ftclear.


I will let you figure out the datatypes for other tables because they do not have significance in this doc (They are not even used).


lt_ftclear : This table will have the list of the documents which you want to clear

lt_ftpost : This table will have the list/details of clearing documents which you want to post against the cleared items.


CALL FUNCTION ‘POSTING_INTERFACE_CLEARING’

    EXPORTING

      i_auglv    = ‘UMBUCHNG’

      i_tcode    = ‘FB05’

      i_sgfunct  = ‘C’

     IMPORTING

       e_msgid   = sy-msgid

       e_msgty   = sy-msgty

       e_msgno   = sy-msgno

       e_msgv1   = sy-msgv1

       e_msgv2   = sy-msgv2

       e_msgv3   = sy-msgv3

       e_msgv4   = sy-msgv4

     TABLES

       t_blntab  = lt_blntab

       t_ftclear = lt_ftclear

       t_ftpost  = lt_ftpost

       t_fttax   = lt_fttax

     EXCEPTIONS

       clearing_procedure_invalid = 1

       clearing_procedure_missing = 2

       table_t041a_empty          = 3

       transaction_code_invalid   = 4

       amount_format_error        = 5

       too_many_line_items        = 6

       company_code_invalid       = 7

       screen_not_found           = 8

       no_authorization           = 9

       OTHERS                     = 10.

Step 3.

CALL FUNCTION ‘POSTING_INTERFACE_END’

          EXPORTING

            I_BDCIMMED              = ‘X’

          EXCEPTIONS

            SESSION_NOT_PROCESSABLE = 1

            OTHERS                  = 2.

These three steps should do the trick for clearing out the documents and posting documents against the cleared ones.

Make sure that the date passed in the function modules is the same as the user who is using it. You could use the FM ” /SAPDII/SPP05_CONVERT_DATE”. It returns the date in the format of the user running the code.

Feel free to comment if you want me to add something.

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