How digital are incumbent banks? A personal view from the Highveld and the low country.
What progress are banks making in providing a truly digital customer experience and how are they transforming their operating models to tap into the efficiency opportunities?
To answer these questions, we scanned banks across several countries on objective, externally observable criteria. As I have recently lived for extended periods in both South Africa and The Netherlands, and banking in both countries has some interesting similarities as well as differences, this blog highlights and compares banks in these markets.
Our main observations:
- In both countries, banks have made good progress on making existing banking products and services available on digital channels, on improving their richness over time, and on optimizing the user experience for digital channels – with South African banks somewhat ahead of the Dutch banks
- However South African banks are much ahead when it comes to allowing new or existing customers to originate products online
- Few banks in either country seem to be harnessing digital as a means to generating new revenue streams by providing customers with new products and services suited to the digital environment or by personalizing existing products and services
Measuring digital progress empirically
Digital transformation is a top strategic priority for banks globally, driven by the increased prevalence and adoption of digital channels such as mobile and social and the ensuing changes in customer behavior and expectations. For banks, these changes broadly present two opportunities – lower costs in distribution by moving routine transactions to digital channels, and generate new revenue streams by introducing new products and services to cater to the changes in customer behavior and their expectations and requirements.
In order to assess to what extent banks have been able to achieve this transformation, we listed fifteen criteria which can be observed externally where it matters – at customer touch-points. We categorized these into five categories:
- Availability of banking services on digital channels
- Richness of banking services on digital channels
- Optimized for a multi-channel experience
- Banking products and services adapted for digital
- Harnessing digital for personalization & revenue growth
We evaluated a slew of individual banks across Europe, Middle East and Africa on these criteria.
Having recently lived in both South Africa and The Netherlands where I worked intensively with the local banks, I have a good understanding of the products and services that they offer, and was interested to compare and share the results for banks in these countries.
On the surface, South Africa is a developing country with comparatively lower internet penetration and bandwidth, however the share of the population of South Africa who access full banking services are highly urbanized and highly connected. Like the Netherlands, the bank sector is also highly concentrated, with four main players of roughly similar size, including Nedbank, whose name still refers back to its Dutch origins.
However the South African banks, despite significantly higher interest margins, earn a much larger share of their operational income (~30%) from Fees and Commissions against around 15% at Dutch banks. With interest rates and margins likely to be squeezed for some time to come, it was interesting to see if Dutch Banks were using Digital to boost non-interest revenues.
How they stack up
Between the above five categories, banks have made most progress on the first three, i.e. making banking services available on digital channels, improving their richness over time, and in optimizing the user experience they provide on each channel. However, most banks in our study lag in adapting the products and services for digital channels or providing new digital products and services. Further very few banks in this set seem to harness customer data to enrich the customer’s experience, anticipate customers’ needs or personalize their offerings.
The following table summarize these results – capability scores are on a scale of 1 to 5 (1=low maturity, 5=high maturity). While we performed this analysis for banks individually, we have summarized and represented these results below on a country basis. Note that these results reflect a snapshot at a particular point in time – banks are constantly investing and evolving their capabilities in these areas, and hence this view is very likely to evolve with time.
Some novel practices
In comparing the Dutch and South African banks, we observed some novel practices.
Standard Bank in South Africa allows visitors to register via the internet banking portal or mobile app without a necessary requirement for an existing account. This in contrast to any other banks that I have experienced which require an existing account. This potentially provides Standard Bank the opportunity to leverage the customer’s digital behavior to offer relevant products and services and enable customers to register their interest in any current or upcoming products and services.
Knab, a Dutch challenger bank setup by Aegon operates entirely online and has no branches. Compared to other banks which require one or more final steps to be completed in the branch, Knab only requires applicants to provide details of an existing bank account and a Dutch ID to open a bank account. In a mature and saturated market like the Netherlands (where most eligible persons are likely to have an existing account), this is an interesting practice, which probably allows the bank to simplify the KYC processes by trading off a small segment of customers who do not have any existing accounts yet.