In this blog, I wanted to share some knowledge on CBTA.
CBTA (Component Based Test Automation) is a functionality of SAP Solution Manager where we can create test cases in modular structure. As the name suggests,CBTA is component based testing and there are 2 types of components namely,
1. Screen Components
2. Default Components
Screen components are nothing but the activity done while testing the system under test such as mouse click, entering transactions etc. Default components are the data entered at the time of recording such as values.
Some terminologies to be known are,
1. SUT (System Under Test):
SUT is the managed system which is to be tested. In SUT Management, the following details are maintained
- Technical RFC destination (looks like TST_<SID>_<CLNT>)
- Business user (i.e. Tester Profile)
- Base URL / HTTP destination in case of non-ABAP systems.
2. SDC (System Data Container)
SDC defines the systems on which the automated test cases are recorded or executed. A system is defined as follows
- Operational function (eg: CRM,ERP)
- Technical role (eg: Development system, Production system)
3. TDC (Test Data Container)
TDC is a central repository for all test data. It contains the information of parameters, attributes and variants.
Now we will look how test scripts, SDC are created and see how automated testing is done with the help of SAP Solution Manager
Perform system configuration steps as given in the guided procedure SOLMAN_SETUP prior to create test script
Note: Test cases can be created in configuration phase of each project via SOLAR02 transaction. But I am explaining how CBTA works via transaction SM_WORKCENTER
Step 1: Login into SAP Solution Manager system and run transaction SM_WORKCENTER. Under Test Management workcenter, click Easy Test Automation as shown below
Step 2: A pop up opens where you can create new SDC or use existing SDC. To create new SDC, select System Data and enter the SDC name and click create as shown below
Step 3: Then you will be directed to SDC creation window where we need to give the name of the System Data Container and specify the logical component, target system as shown in the below screenshots.
After entering the details, upon saving the SDC contains the following information
Save these configuration in transport request.
Step 4: Now, in Test Management workcenter, go to CBTA Settings-> Maintain SUT. Here, you need to import the SDC created as shown below
Step 5: After selecting and importing the SDC, now you need to specify the RFC that communicates with the SUT which is configured as prerequisite and also assign the tester profile so that it enables logon to managed system while the script runs.
Step 6: Now, to create Test scripts, in Test Management workcenter-> Test Repository-> Test Scripts
When you click create Test Scripts, a pop up will appear where you need to give the name and title of the script, test tool would be CBTA as shown below
Step 7: Now, in the attributes tab of the test script, you need to specify the Application Component, here it will be CBTA component, SDC for this test script, Target system, Executable type and the Transaction as shown below
Note: Executable can be a transaction, BSP Application, CRM Webclient, Webdynpro application
Step 8: Once the details are filled in step 7, now click Launch button as that the script runs in the managed system remotely.
Note: In order to run the scripts remotely, settings in the managed system should be done. For this, run transaction SCC4 in corresponding managed system and keep the settings as changes are allowed.
Also you must enable scripts to run by making the changes in SAP Logon settings are shown below
So finally when you click on Launch CBTA, the scripts runs in the SUT and the test log is stored in SAP Solution Manager system.
Useful blogs about CBTA,