CROSS DOCKING IN SAP WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT- One Step
Cross docking is a Business operation which is highly recommended in today’s warehousing scenarios where customers strive to achieve profits by reducing the material handling cost, labour and time. In general terms cross docking enables warehouse to map inbound delivery documents to outbound deliveries to reduce the material handling and storing in the warehouse.
Business Process and assignments :
In our scenario we are dealing with planned cross docking that enables us to plan the cross docking before goods arrive into warehouse via cross docking decisions in Cross dock monitor.In general business process cross docking is normalized at material levels, certain specific material are designated for cross docking. We here by in this document use special movement indicator ‘S’ and custom WM movement type ‘990’ with respect to 101 IM movement to distinguish cross docking. [ Note : this is purely conditional and depends on how the solution is designed]
One step cross docking movement process directly from Inbound GR area to Outbound shipping area.
We have the below Prerequisites :
a) Check the warehouse configuration in SPRO> IMG> Logistics Execution >Warehouse Management > Cross docking >General settings >Maintain Warehouse Level settings
ensure that for relevant warehouse 2step cross docking indicator is not checked.
b) No pre allocation stock check in movement types 990 ( in this case ) in general for 101 and 601. “consider Pre-alloc stock”
c) stock placement and stock removal confirmation required for storage type 902 and 916. In our case we have used custom storage type CD1 in place of 902 standard.
a) SPRO>IMG> Logistics Execution > Warehouse Management > Cross docking > General settings > Maintain Warehouse level settings
For our warehouse XY1, 2 step is unchecked, and opportunistic CD for both INB and OBD are selected with planning time of 24 HRs.
b) SPRO>IMG> Logistics Execution > Warehouse Management > Cross docking > General settings > Define Cross-Docking Relevancy for Movement Types
For our movement type 990 Cross dock is relevant
c) SPRO>IMG> Logistics Execution > Warehouse Management > Cross docking > General settings > Define Cross-Docking Decision Number Range
Internal number range maintained for Cross dock decision during cross dock planning.
Business Transactions :
a) Create purchase order and wrt to PO, create the inbound delivery.
Inbound del # 180000115 created for 5 EA
b) Create Sales order for 5 EA and create the Outbound delivery.
c) Now we need to plan the cross docking in cross dock monitor – LXDCK transaction
Select ‘plan’ and system will show the below screen:
Left side is the inbound delivery which is the candidate and right is the outbound delivery which is the planning document. Select both and click on ‘Add to Plan’
Once you save , system will create a decision number.
Both the documents are now linked to perform the cross docking.
d) Create TO wrt to the Inbound delivery.
create in foreground.
We can see that the destination storage type is automatically selected as 916 and the storage bin is our outbound delivery number from the GR area as CD1 with PO#4500017274 That means that the stock is directly moving from interim GR area to shipping area deliverables. Note : For the movement type 990 in our scenario , the source storage type configured is CD1 in SPRO. In general for 101 movement it is 902
e) Confirming the TO using LT12.
WM stock before confirmation:
After TO confirmation
We can see that now the available stock in 916/800015848 is 5EA
f) The document flow for outbound delivery shows the TO is confirmed
same goes with inbound delivery case,where the TO is confirmed and GR is done. This completes the process.
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