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Australia offers world-class education experience to

International Students (IS), as many as 2.5 million that

have studied here in the last fifty years according to

Australia Global Alumni. There are several factors in

choosing Australia as a destination of study, such as

able to access the quality of education and also linking

to tourism motion. Prospective patterns of IS arrival is

associated from improved coordination between

tourism and education (Michael et al 2004). In 2015,

most of the education sectors shows increase of

enrolments as compared of 2014.

However, though education market still gains favourable number but there are issues and challenges faced by some students or group of students in the host country. The determination of these issues was based on a secondary research method, explored to provide an insightful

analysis of identified issues. We have uses visualisations through SAP Lumira in order to present responsive charts for great data used in our analysis.

Costly Accommodation

Most international student are generally satisfied with their studies in the country, however, the living cost and affordability of housing to some areas is

a concern.

Population of IS by Cities

In particular, the most popular destination cities for international students in Australia shown 34.50% in Melbourne next is Sydney and Brisbane. The total enrolments in Australia have increased 4.4% in the last 12 months and international student numbers in Higher Education were rising rapidly with the growth of 8.9% last year, and according to the statistics it will continue to increase 10 % in the next years to come (JLL, 2015).


Most Preferred Accommodation

The most preferred place to live based from respondents in higher education is private rented house or flat with 55% followed by accommodation with friends or

relative, from VET students. (JLL, 2014).


Available Accommodation

The graphic illustrates, the dynamics of the bed requirements and the needs of international students to principal cities of Australia, where most of this

group undertaken their studies respectively. It represents an undersupply of accommodation for more than 10% noting without count of the domestic

students which will also factor the additional needs, for that resulting high accommodation cost especially in cities such as Sydney, Melbourne and

Brisbane, where the international students in their majority live (JLL, 2014).


Supply Gap

The needs for more beds has been determined, we further investigate the initiatives of the government and future plan to fulfill the gap.

We have considered the three major cities which includes Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane. Melbourne currently, has an existing gap of

76, 179 while the industry is working on its pipelines of 69, 323. Thus, showing gap resolution still short to potential needs.


Limited Employment Opportunities: Ad-hoc for IS

International Students issues with regards to post or on-the-job employability while studying has emerged as one of key issue in Australian education

sector. The demand of knowledge economies conveys changing skills and knowledge requirements while poses graduate greater competition,

specially to international student giving less chance to land a job that relates on its’ study. However, in perspective to international students, acquiring

post study work experience in the host country is highly important (Gribble and Blackmore, 2012).

Importance of Related Work Experience Upon Completion

Research shown 12% of students on higher education has expressed the disparity in paid work directly related to field of study. While both higher

education and VET students’, with staggering 78% and 83% respectively, responded the emphases to get a job her in Australia after completion of

studies. However, the contentions of work experience of international students often perceive as disadvantage due to lack of knowledge of the labour

market, understanding of workplace culture and limited to local network. Preparing students for work placements, specific skills competencies,

communication skills and teamwork engagements are vital which universities offers key role in bridging the gap between international student’s

expectations to employment and to Australian business market (Gribble C, et al 2015).



Mostly, international students

responses that they would do further

education on the survey conducted in

2014, while employment in Australia

comes shows a bit of concern for this

group of respondents. Further, major

deterrent factors to most employers that

is considering an international student on

its workplace is the perception of

recruiting process that they have to

face. These includes expensive

investment to company, hiring, training

and developing that recruit which engage

dispensing resources and yet certainty

for continuous employment is unknown

due to graduate visa restrictions.

Numbers indicated below that graduates have access visa stream subclass. Students who completed its’ studies, accessed the Skilled

Graduate however, there was a shift starting in 2012 which graduate work stream had been offered to applicants and significantly increases in 2014. This allows qualified international students to work within 18 months in Australia as visa is granted.



Obtained citizenship directly relates to students who successfully qualified for the ground of residency that includes employment requirement. Thus,

research suggested, to bolster employment post after graduation, international students should able to improve its’ critical thinking and problem

solving. Moreover, enable to deliver confidence, develop public speaking and has been working with locals to increase network (Woodley, C, 2010). As figure above shows numbers of employment after studies whom students from India indicated positive outcome.

Migration, Racism and Violence

The numbers shown on the next figure is the big influx of Indian international student in 2009, with VET (Vocational Courses). The issue of racism often link to cultural indifferences which is inevitable, often causes friction in terms of cultural distance and differences between IS with the host country (Bash, 2012;

Collins, 2006). Some think that the media representations plays’ important role in giving host country’s perspective of this international students, producing

stereotypical racial identities in terms of economic, cultural and social characteristics. Sometimes will highly influence image and reputation depending on

how media presents’ the group.


Australian Perspective Towards Racism

International student is spread accross universities and educations sector has been pointed as culprit of the migration-education scheme. Although, the sectors critically raised its claim that they are not in business selling migration, however, there was still numbers of research that had found that it represents migration driven pattern. Sydney Morning Herald published, in 30th of March 2006 reported a summary of universities that have been involved as malicious

“immigration factories”. The Study of Bob Birell (2006), posing high attention realising an analysis of overseas students fail in job language and yet

accessing permanent residency application. There was even a mockingly titled Cooks Galore and Hair Dressers Aplenty, showcasing high numbers

of international student commence the course but regulatory bodies fail as they have considered that there is a big loophole in Australian Skilled

Migrations’ Program. While media bombarded  the public with this representation generally, Australians shows positive perceptions of cultural diversities.

They are adopting cultural differences showing 89% favours of having society in different cultures.


(Source: Australian Education Network 2016)

Melbourne Racism Notable Attack

Further, the heightened of racism issue happened in Melbourne; notable attacked on the 23rd of March 2009 which Sharavan Kumar Theerhala

who attended a birthday party in suburban Melbourne and party crashers with screwdriver attacked him, resulting of his struggles in the hospital.

This has been raised as racism and violence however, media and Australian-Indian community does not agree with most report. A well known

Cardiologist, community Leader believed that media coverage of the ‘plight of Indian international students in Australia has been irresponsible

and thus, factored into immense negative reports of Indian group of students, resounding possible backfire. Somewhat, it is not racism issue

but it is about behaviour that triggered the violent attacked (Sydney, Morning Herald 02.06.09). Melbourne has the biggest density of

international student of almost 35% so most likely incidence could potentially occur in this area.


There are high number of international students taking its’ studies in Melbourne and this group is residing along with locals. Behaviours, cultural differences could not be separated to this issue. Authorities should take maximum safety, while international students should consider to behave in accordance to new environment. Further, the given case was notable and played important point of continuous improvement in terms of security of overall international students well being and to whole community. Thus, negative contentions resulted with a declining enrolled numbers of students and the closing down of those unlicensed

colleges and adding uncertainty to IS.

In conclusion, the Australian education is continuously gaining attention in international market providing quality of education, offering better course content and high recommendation from friends or relatives. This all links from coordinated strategy between tourism and education marketing effort. Although, students are facing difficulties in area such as accommodation, post or internship employability and racism, this does not suggest big issue of market pull-factor. The costly rents to area in Sydney, Melbourne are due to supply gap issue where, the supply of bed space is limited than the high demand of students. While, the issue of Post-Graduate employability are due to factors of employers perception towards international students. This involves limited understanding of organisations culture, network and communication. Moreover, relevant strategy and practice like education work-integrated learning has been implemented for improvement

on this aspect and post graduate visa stream is accessible to qualified applicant. While, racism is not in the context of Australian, racism

issue that was heightened in Melbourne are considered as soft target not to demoralise a race, as generally the countrymen loves

different culture.


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