Australia offers world-class education experience to
International Students (IS), as many as 2.5 million that
have studied here in the last fifty years according to
Australia Global Alumni. There are several factors in
choosing Australia as a destination of study, such as
able to access the quality of education and also linking
to tourism motion. Prospective patterns of IS arrival is
associated from improved coordination between
tourism and education (Michael et al 2004). In 2015,
most of the education sectors shows increase of
enrolments as compared of 2014.
However, though education market still gains favourable number but there are issues and challenges faced by some students or group of students in the host country. The determination of these issues was based on a secondary research method, explored to provide an insightful
analysis of identified issues. We have uses visualisations through SAP Lumira in order to present responsive charts for great data used in our analysis.
Most international student are generally satisfied with their studies in the country, however, the living cost and affordability of housing to some areas is
Population of IS by Cities
In particular, the most popular destination cities for international students in Australia shown 34.50% in Melbourne next is Sydney and Brisbane. The total enrolments in Australia have increased 4.4% in the last 12 months and international student numbers in Higher Education were rising rapidly with the growth of 8.9% last year, and according to the statistics it will continue to increase 10 % in the next years to come (JLL, 2015).
Most Preferred Accommodation
The most preferred place to live based from respondents in higher education is private rented house or flat with 55% followed by accommodation with friends or
relative, from VET students. (JLL, 2014).
The graphic illustrates, the dynamics of the bed requirements and the needs of international students to principal cities of Australia, where most of this
group undertaken their studies respectively. It represents an undersupply of accommodation for more than 10% noting without count of the domestic
students which will also factor the additional needs, for that resulting high accommodation cost especially in cities such as Sydney, Melbourne and
Brisbane, where the international students in their majority live (JLL, 2014).
The needs for more beds has been determined, we further investigate the initiatives of the government and future plan to fulfill the gap.
We have considered the three major cities which includes Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane. Melbourne currently, has an existing gap of
76, 179 while the industry is working on its pipelines of 69, 323. Thus, showing gap resolution still short to potential needs.
Limited Employment Opportunities: Ad-hoc for IS
International Students issues with regards to post or on-the-job employability while studying has emerged as one of key issue in Australian education
sector. The demand of knowledge economies conveys changing skills and knowledge requirements while poses graduate greater competition,
specially to international student giving less chance to land a job that relates on its’ study. However, in perspective to international students, acquiring
post study work experience in the host country is highly important (Gribble and Blackmore, 2012).
Importance of Related Work Experience Upon Completion
Research shown 12% of students on higher education has expressed the disparity in paid work directly related to field of study. While both higher
education and VET students’, with staggering 78% and 83% respectively, responded the emphases to get a job her in Australia after completion of
studies. However, the contentions of work experience of international students often perceive as disadvantage due to lack of knowledge of the labour
market, understanding of workplace culture and limited to local network. Preparing students for work placements, specific skills competencies,
communication skills and teamwork engagements are vital which universities offers key role in bridging the gap between international student’s
expectations to employment and to Australian business market (Gribble C, et al 2015).
Mostly, international students
responses that they would do further
education on the survey conducted in
2014, while employment in Australia
comes shows a bit of concern for this
group of respondents. Further, major
deterrent factors to most employers that
is considering an international student on
its workplace is the perception of
recruiting process that they have to
face. These includes expensive
investment to company, hiring, training
and developing that recruit which engage
dispensing resources and yet certainty
for continuous employment is unknown
due to graduate visa restrictions.
Numbers indicated below that graduates have access visa stream subclass. Students who completed its’ studies, accessed the Skilled
Graduate however, there was a shift starting in 2012 which graduate work stream had been offered to applicants and significantly increases in 2014. This allows qualified international students to work within 18 months in Australia as visa is granted.
Obtained citizenship directly relates to students who successfully qualified for the ground of residency that includes employment requirement. Thus,
research suggested, to bolster employment post after graduation, international students should able to improve its’ critical thinking and problem
solving. Moreover, enable to deliver confidence, develop public speaking and has been working with locals to increase network (Woodley, C, 2010). As figure above shows numbers of employment after studies whom students from India indicated positive outcome.
Migration, Racism and Violence
The numbers shown on the next figure is the big influx of Indian international student in 2009, with VET (Vocational Courses). The issue of racism often link to cultural indifferences which is inevitable, often causes friction in terms of cultural distance and differences between IS with the host country (Bash, 2012;
Collins, 2006). Some think that the media representations plays’ important role in giving host country’s perspective of this international students, producing
stereotypical racial identities in terms of economic, cultural and social characteristics. Sometimes will highly influence image and reputation depending on
how media presents’ the group.
Australian Perspective Towards Racism
International student is spread accross universities and educations sector has been pointed as culprit of the migration-education scheme. Although, the sectors critically raised its claim that they are not in business selling migration, however, there was still numbers of research that had found that it represents migration driven pattern. Sydney Morning Herald published, in 30th of March 2006 reported a summary of universities that have been involved as malicious
“immigration factories”. The Study of Bob Birell (2006), posing high attention realising an analysis of overseas students fail in job language and yet
accessing permanent residency application. There was even a mockingly titled Cooks Galore and Hair Dressers Aplenty, showcasing high numbers
of international student commence the course but regulatory bodies fail as they have considered that there is a big loophole in Australian Skilled
Migrations’ Program. While media bombarded the public with this representation generally, Australians shows positive perceptions of cultural diversities.
They are adopting cultural differences showing 89% favours of having society in different cultures.
(Source: Australian Education Network 2016)
Melbourne Racism Notable Attack
Further, the heightened of racism issue happened in Melbourne; notable attacked on the 23rd of March 2009 which Sharavan Kumar Theerhala
who attended a birthday party in suburban Melbourne and party crashers with screwdriver attacked him, resulting of his struggles in the hospital.
This has been raised as racism and violence however, media and Australian-Indian community does not agree with most report. A well known
Cardiologist, community Leader believed that media coverage of the ‘plight of Indian international students in Australia has been irresponsible
and thus, factored into immense negative reports of Indian group of students, resounding possible backfire. Somewhat, it is not racism issue
but it is about behaviour that triggered the violent attacked (Sydney, Morning Herald 02.06.09). Melbourne has the biggest density of
international student of almost 35% so most likely incidence could potentially occur in this area.
There are high number of international students taking its’ studies in Melbourne and this group is residing along with locals. Behaviours, cultural differences could not be separated to this issue. Authorities should take maximum safety, while international students should consider to behave in accordance to new environment. Further, the given case was notable and played important point of continuous improvement in terms of security of overall international students well being and to whole community. Thus, negative contentions resulted with a declining enrolled numbers of students and the closing down of those unlicensed
colleges and adding uncertainty to IS.
In conclusion, the Australian education is continuously gaining attention in international market providing quality of education, offering better course content and high recommendation from friends or relatives. This all links from coordinated strategy between tourism and education marketing effort. Although, students are facing difficulties in area such as accommodation, post or internship employability and racism, this does not suggest big issue of market pull-factor. The costly rents to area in Sydney, Melbourne are due to supply gap issue where, the supply of bed space is limited than the high demand of students. While, the issue of Post-Graduate employability are due to factors of employers perception towards international students. This involves limited understanding of organisations culture, network and communication. Moreover, relevant strategy and practice like education work-integrated learning has been implemented for improvement
on this aspect and post graduate visa stream is accessible to qualified applicant. While, racism is not in the context of Australian, racism
issue that was heightened in Melbourne are considered as soft target not to demoralise a race, as generally the countrymen loves