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Front-End Development – All you need to Know

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A software comprises of two parts, viz. the front-end and the back-end. Front-end is the part that interacts with the users. It is the client side of an application or website that links a user to the back-end. On the other hand, back-end is the part of system that takes care of the functionality of the software. It can be called as its central nervous system. Front-end is the user interface, that is, the presentation layer of a software. Front-end development is the process of developing the user interface of a website or web application. The three tools that are used for the process are HTML, CSS and Javascript.

 

Front-end Development Tools

 

Front-end of a website or application can be developed using a variety of tools which are chosen as per situation, but there are three tools that are generally used. They are HTML, CSS and Javascript. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is the backbone of a website development process. It provides the overall framework and layout of the website. Every web page is designed using HTML. CSS is the abbreviation of Cascading Style Sheets. It is used for styling. It gives a unique look to the website. It controls a website’s presentation and maintains style sheets. It customizes a web page according to screen resolution and size. Through HTML static webpages are produced. Javascript is used to convert them into dynamic interface. It is an event based programming language that uses document object model to manipulate a webpage. Javascript can also react to events from server side and retrieve web content, to make the website dynamic.

 

How should it be?

 

Front end is the face of a software. It is based to the concept of first impression is the last impression. It should be designed to perfection, as its used to generate traffic. The better is the front-end, the more traffic it will generate. The front-end design of a website or web application must be accessible. It should be designed for cross platform purposes and customize according to different screen sizes irrespective of operating systems or platform. 75% internet users prefer to use a website or application that can run on all types of devices, viz. tablets, mobiles, laptops, smartphones etc. without glitches. A responsive website adapts itself smoothly according to the screen size without mismanaging its content.

 

The navigation of a website or application should be smooth. The interface should be user friendly and interactive. The content should be arranged in hierarchy of most relevant to the least. With presentation, performance also matters. A front-end should respond quickly to user requests. The navigation, links, content retrieval, display etc. should be proper. The rendering should be fast too.

 

Front-end is directly supported by its back-end. If the back-end is strong, the front-end will automatically become strong too. All the features, including accessibility, usability and performance can be made better if back-end is coded properly.

 

There are many open source tools for frontend development as well & tools for animation from front end UI.

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