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Freight in simple terms is the charge for transportation of goods to your customer.

In the below blog I would like to cover how the freight calculation and data is captured in sales side and purchase side of the Business ByDesign.

In Sales Part of SAP Business By-Design.

a.) Prerequisite  

b.) Freight master

c.) Freight calculated in Sales document

d.) Known issue and limitation

a.) Prerequisite and master data


The freight settings maintained in the Business Configuration determines whether

  1. ) Amount can be selected automatically or entered manually.
  2. ) To make either Freight as fixed amount or dependent on the net weight of the goods you sell.

BC Question.pngBC Activity.png

b.) Freight master

You can create and maintain freights under Product and Service Portfolio work center -> Freight sub view.

You can create a freight based on the parameters as highlighted below.

Freight Parameters.jpg

c.) Freight calculated in Sales document

The below snapshot shows how we have maintained the freight scales

Freight Scales.png

The below screenshot shows how a freight is calculated as per the freight scale maintained

sales order freight.png

d.) Known issue and limitation

  1. Once you maintained Automatic entry has priority in Configure Price Strategy then you will not have an option to enter the Freight manually while creating documents.
  2. If you maintained Manual entry has priority then freight charge wont get added automatically.
  3. Under BC Questions You will find two questions for Freight in this section:
    1. Do you calculate freight amount based on net weight?
    2. Do you bill a fixed freight per order?
  4. If both questions are selected as No then no freight will be calculated in the system. Here you need to answer the scoping questions based upon your requirement.
  5. Freight charge wont get calculated automatically to sales order if the sales order is created as a follow-up document for sales quote. System will only consider the price components which are already maintained in the sales quote.

                                To update the Freight in sales order select Update Pricing button available under Total Pricing which in –turn will calculate the freight with respect to all line items in the sales order

In Purchase Part of SAP Business By-Design.

Freight as unplanned delivery cost is captured in supplier invoice document. Kindly follow the below SCN Blog for details.

http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-62468

Also please check the below case documents

https://support.wdf.sap.corp/sap/support/notes/1976098

https://support.wdf.sap.corp/sap/support/notes/1968917

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