Foreign Currency Valuation Simplified
Please note that the document shows Classical G/L screenshots, but, the concept of Forex calculation is still the same.
When we use the Foreign Currency Valuation Run in the month end close process, the exchange loss/gain posted is Unrealized and is reversed at the beginning of the next month. Actual Realized Gain/Loss is when we clear the open items on receipt/sending payment.
Configuration in OB22 for Parallel Currencies
As per the settings above
- Translation to Local Currency is as per Translation Date and taking Transaction currency as basis
- Translation to Group Currency is as per Translation Date and taking First Local currency as basis
Documents to be Valuated
2 of the Customer Documents Posted are as below. We will look into the Unrealized Forex Gain/Loss calculations for these documents.
Note that on the Document Posting date, Exchange Rate type ‘M’ would be used
Amount in Transaction Currency = Amount in Group Currency (LC2) = 1050 USD
Amount in Local Currency (CAD)
= Amount in USD / (CAD-USD rate on 02/10/2016)
1001 has USD defined as Reference currency. Hence, all valuations would be with reference to USD (i.e. USD would be the intermediary currency)
Recon Account of the Customer: 11000
Valuation Run to Local Currency (Currency Type = 10)
As per OB22 settings the Translation is to happen from Transaction Currency to Local Currency
Exchange Rate type ‘1001’ would be used as set up in Valuation Method ZBAL for Month End
Exchange Rate Type ‘M’ would be used on Document Posting Date
USD to CAD on Document Posting Date
=1/(CAD-USD rate on 02/10/2016) = 1/0.71929 = 1.39026
USD to CAD on Month End
=1/(CAD-USD rate on 02/29/2016) = 1/0.7388 = 1.35355
Difference for document 6000000030
= Amount in USD * (USD to CAD on Month End – USD to CAD on Document Posting Date)
=1050 * (1.35355 – 1.39026) = -38.55
GBP to CAD on Document Posting Date
= (GBP-USD rate on 02/10/2016) / (CAD-USD rate on 02/10/2016) = 1.44344/0.71929 = 2.00676
GBP to CAD on Month End
= ( GBP-USD rate on 02/10/2016) / (CAD-USD rate on 02/29/2016) = 1.39519/0.7388 = 1.88845
Difference for document 6000000033
= Amount in GBP * (GBP to CAD on Month End – GBP to CAD on Document Posting Date)
=1350 * (1.88845 – 2.00676) = -159.71
The Account Determination for posting Unrealized Gain/Loss for Currency Type = 10
Below is the posting from Foreign Currency Valuation Run. Since the difference is negative and the document is customer document, it is a loss.
Posting Date = 02/29/2016
Reversal is also posted by the Foreign Currency Valuation Run.
Posting Date = 03/01/2016
Valuation Run to Local Currency (Currency Type = 30)
We are running for Feb Month End with the Valuation Method created “ZBAL” and Currency Type = 30 (USD)
Below is the posting from Foreign Currency Valuation Run. Since the difference is positive and the document is customer document, it is a gain.
Posting Date = 02/29/2016
Link to understanding Realized Gain/Loss –> Simple Example for understanding Realized Forex Gain/Loss
Beautiful document. Thanks for your efforts and detailed explanation !!
Thank you for this useful articles
Muhammad Hasan Mufid
PATH: SPRO/Financial Accounting/General Ledger Accounting/Periodic Processing/Valuate/Foreign Currency Valuation
Useful document. Informative indeed. Thanks a lot. Siva