How to save time needed to import many languages for ERP/S4HANA Installation


When you install languages using Software Provisioning Manager (sapinst) – Each language is installed sequentially and it takes a very long time. Just the install of French language takes 3 hrs 15 min. considering average of 2.5 hrs if you were to install 36 additional languages, it should take 90 hrs which is approx. 4 days. You can use the procedure below to save time when installing many languages required to be installed.

1. PREPARATION:

Provide sufficient additional space (36 languages need 100GB) in /usr/sap/trans. There should be sufficient background jobs. Also, take a backup at this point.

The media directory structure is as shown below after extracting the zip files:

vhcals4hci:/media/51050422_LNG1/DATA_UNITS # ls

AR BG  CA  CS DA  DE  EL EN  ES  ET  FI

vhcals4hci:/media/51050422_LNG2/DATA_UNITS # ls

FR HE  HI  HR  HU IT  JA  KK KO  LT  LV NL  NO  PL PT  RO

vhcals4hci:/media/51050422_LNG3/DATA_UNITS # ls

RU SH  SK  SL SV  TH  TR UK  VI  ZF  ZH

Copy the *.PAT files into /usr/sap/trans/EPS/in with this single command

vhcals4hci: cp /media/51050422_LNG?/DATA_UNITS/??/*.PAT /usr/sap/trans/EPS/in/.

2. ADD LANGUAGES IN RSCPINST:


Execute tCode SE38, program RSCPINST


Click on Add Language

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RtClick First Column and select Set Filter from Popup

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Click on Multiple Selection

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Select items from below for cut & paste

AR

BG

CA

CS

DA

DE

EL

EN

ES

ET

FI

FR

HE

HI

HR

HU

IT

JA

KK

KO

LT

LV

NL

NO

PL

PT

RO

RU

SH

SK

SL

SV

TH

TR

UK

VI

ZF

ZH

Click on icon below to paste all 38 language codes

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Click on Execute and Ok

Click on Select All

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You will get screen like this. Languages already installed will be shown

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Click on Check and then Activate. You will get message below

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3. SETUP MONITORING AT OS LEVEL:


While the languages are being imported in the next step you will see no job running in SAP.

But R3trans processes will be running. The following scripts will help to check progress:

  1. Monitor CPU Consumptionm in one window command :
    top
  2. Count number of R3trans processes at OS level and they reduce in umber as the language import is completed.command :
    ps -ef | grep R3trans | wc -l
  3. Monitor Space at OS level in directory /usr/sap/trans with comma:
    df -h
  4. Count the number of files in /usr/sap/trans/tmp. The number of languages remaining to be imported are approx half the number of files here.
    ls –l /usr/sap/trans/tmp | wc -l
  5. Tail ALOG file in /usr/sap/trans/log. Find out the last ALOG file like ALOG1601 and tail the file to check current date to substitute MM, DD and execute  command:
    grep “S4H.ALL R 0004 2016MMDD” ALOG1601.S4H

4. ADD LANGUAGES TO SMLT:

enter tCode SMLT click on create icon. Assuming the box is not used for any other work, as you add each language watch the CPU utilisation and after you reach about 70%, wait for 5 minutes before adding next language.

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  /wp-content/uploads/2016/02/blogpost9_879743.png

In the above screen, “supplementation” language is a secondary language used to supplement a language that is not completely translated. English & German are only 2 languages which are completely translated. Missing texts in other languages can cause process to crash and language supplementation function helps to replace that missing text with supplementation language text. When you choose English here for Arabic language, whichever text is not translated for Arabic will appear in English.


SWPM (sapinst) procedure by default does not add any supplementation language and can be added manually later on.

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5. REPEAT ABOVE STEPS FOR ALL LANGUAGES:

Add one by one language from below list shown here for Cut and Paste. Please pick the correct ones from the popup list one by one.

AR          Arabic

BG          Bulgarian

CA          Catalan

CS          Czech

DA          Danish

DE          German  – Already installed

EL           Greek

EN          English— – Already installed

ES           Spanish

ET           Estonian

FI            Finnish

FR           French

HE          Hebrew

HI           Hindi

HR          Croatian

HU          Hungarian

IT            Italian

JA           Japanese

KK          Kazakh

KO          Korean

LT           Lithuanian

LV           Latvian

NL          Dutch

NO         Norwegian

PL           Polish

PT           Portuguese

RO          Romanian

RU          Russian

SH          Serbian(Latin)

SK          Slovak

SL           Slovenian

SV          Swedish

TH          Thai

TR          Turkish

UK          Ukrainian

VI            Vietnamese

ZF           Chinesetrad.

ZH          Chinese


The screen should look like this. If you are installing 36 additional languages, please ensure the number of languages is 38.

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6. IMPORT PACKAGES:

Against each language click on Import Package icon

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Find Packages, Select and Execute

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7. MONITOR THE JOB:

A job will be launched in SM37

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8. REPEAT ABOVE STEP FOR ALL LANGUAGES:

Check the jobs scheduled

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The process of adding and running all above can be completed in 30 mins

9. MONITOR PROCESSES AT OS LEVEL AND IMPORT STATUS IN SMLT:

After above jobs are completed, you will need to monitor R3trans processes as below. The number of R3trans processes reduces as language import is completed.

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All above should be completed in 7 Hrs

Following is the typical order of import if you have added all languages in SMLT one after other in listed sequence, The first language to finish was CA – Catalonia and after that in 4 minutes language ET finishes and so on. Arabic Language finishes last.

CA          4hrs8min

ET          4hrs12min

LV           4hrs33min

NO          4hrs36min

FI            4hrs40min

SH          4hrs42min

SL           4hrs47min

HE          4hrs49min

UK          4hrs49min

KO          4hrs49min

HI           4hrs49min

HR          4hrs49min

SV          5hrs

VI            5hrs1min

PL           5hrs5min

RO          5hrs7min

KK          5hrs8min

EL           5hrs10min

NL          5hrs11min

HU          5hrs13min

DA          5hrs14min

LT           5hrs16min

ZF           5hrs17min

SK          5hrs18min

TH          5hrs20min

TR          5hrs22min

RU          5hrs26min

IT            5hrs28min

CS          5hrs35min

PT           5hrs36min

JA           5hrs38min

ZH          5hrs39min

ES           5hrs41min

BG          6hrs

AR          6hrs 10min

For S/4HANA 1511 FPS1 if you are installing Best Practices content, please use Note 2292425 – Removal Language-dependent SAP Best Practice content  to install only the needed languages.

Mahesh Sardesai

Product Expert

S4HANA Regional Implementation Group




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9 Comments

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  1. Nicholas Chang

    Thanks for Sharing! good to know!

    however, there’s a remaining step – manually supplement every language (38?) with English or German in every used client.

    Hopefully in near future, SAP will simplify language installation and make it more easier and time-saving.

    Cheers,

    Nicholas Chang

    (0) 
    1. Mahesh Sardesai Post author

      Hi Nicholas,

      Thanks for your comments. This procedure matches the sapinst install. Supplementation is not required for all languages and can be done later only for those languages actually needed.

      SAPINST already has the installation option and what is missing is the parallel install of all selected languages. This has already been communicated to the development.

      FYI. The development team is will soon release note with workaround so that installation of all languages is not required.

      Cheers !

      Mahesh Sardesai

      (0) 
  2. Christopher Geladaris

    Hi,

    Thanks for a very helpful Blog.

    Are there any implications installing so many additional languages?

    e.g. significant growth in database size?

    longer runtime of support pack/enhancement pack upgrades?

    etc

    Kind regards,

    Chris

    (0) 
    1. Mahesh Sardesai Post author

      Hi Chris,

      There is no significant growth in database size. It’s marginal increase.

      Also there is no significant change in runtime of support package upgrade.

      – Mahesh

      (0) 
      1. David Walkington

        HI

        What was the growth in database size from installing all the language packs? I am advised this could be 1.5 to 5 GB per language pack and would be interested to know exactly how much increase this was in your experience?

        Best regards

        David

        (0) 

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