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An action is similar to a Function module in ERP that you can use to do stuff for you instead of coding it yourself. But, whereas the FM is generic, an action does a concrete thing and a determination determines something and an association links two nodes. In BOPF, these are all different things. Advantage: you can search for things separately and in a categorized manner. To find one in TM, do the following:


-Use transaction /n/BOBF/CONF_UI
-You get the following screen:

20160113-action 1.png

-Double-click on /SCMTMS/TOR
-Open Node elements
-Choose the note to which the action is related
-I am looking for an action that updates the delivery status on the FO root level, thus I choose ROOT
-I am looking for an action, some coding that does something (association is a link between 2 nodes, validation validates something, queries are pre-defined searches, determinations can default data based on other data for example etc
  ).

20160113-action 2.png

-If I double-click on ACTION, I get all the names of actions that exist for the ROOT node of the FU

-Based on the descriptions, I am able to figure out which one could help me
-I find the action determine delivery status as follows:


20160113-action 3.png

This is just an example, it may be smarter to update the cargo receipt status on product level and let the standard update the delivery status on the FU when all products were delivered. But, it shows you how to find an action and that was the purpose.

The below coding shows how you can choose the action to set the cargo receipt status based on an EM event (unloading or proof of delivery for example).


data:
     lo_srvmgr_tor       
type ref to /bobf/if_tra_service_manager,
     lo_change           
type ref to /bobf/if_tra_change,
     lo_message          
type ref to /bobf/if_frw_message,
     lo_tramgr           
type ref to /bobf/if_tra_transaction_mgr,
     ls_key              
type /bobf/s_frw_key,
     lt_key              
type /bobf/t_frw_key,
     lt_stage_k          
type /bobf/t_frw_key,
     lt_failed_key       
type /bobf/t_frw_key,
     lt_failed_action_key
type /bobf/t_frw_key,
     lt_return           
type bapiret2_tab,
     lv_rejected         
type boole_d.

   field-symbols:
     <ls_key>     
like line of lt_key,
     <ls_rp_sydat>
type /saptrx/rp_sydat.

   ” Init.
  
clear e_return_code.
  
clear ls_key.
   ls_key
key = /scmtms/cl_tor_helper_root=>return_key_for_torid( iv_torid i_eaievent_msghdrtrxid ).
  
insert ls_key into table lt_key.

   ” Declare service manager
   lo_srvmgr_tor
= /bobf/cl_tra_serv_mgr_factory=>get_service_manager( /scmtms/if_tor_c=>sc_bo_key ).

   ” Set cargo receipt status to delivered
   lo_srvmgr_tor
->do_action(
  
exporting
       iv_act_key          
= /scmtms/if_tor_c=>sc_actionrootset_cargo_receipt_delivered
      it_key               = lt_key
  
importing
       eo_change           
= lo_change
       eo_message          
= lo_message
       et_failed_key       
= lt_failed_key
       et_failed_action_key
= lt_failed_action_key ).

   if ( lt_failed_key is not initial or lt_failed_action_key is not initial ) and lo_message is bound.
     /scmtms/cl_common_helper
=>msg_convert_bopf_2_bapiret2(
    
exporting
      iv_severity
= ‘E’
      io_message 
= lo_message
    
changing
      ct_bapiret2
= lt_return ).

     delete adjacent duplicates from lt_return.
  
else.

     ” Save Transaction
     lo_tramgr
= /bobf/cl_tra_trans_mgr_factory=>get_transaction_manager( ).
    
call method lo_tramgr->save
      
importing
         eo_message 
= lo_message
         ev_rejected
= lv_rejected.

     if lv_rejected is not initial and lo_message is bound.
       /scmtms/cl_common_helper
=>msg_convert_bopf_2_bapiret2(
       
exporting
         iv_severity
= ‘E’
         io_message 
= lo_message
       
changing
         ct_bapiret2
= lt_return ).

       delete adjacent duplicates from lt_return.
    
endif.
  
endif.

If you want to know more about it, please refer to the enhancement guide from Holger Polch which explains everything very well and has coding examples.

https://scn.sap.com/blogs/SAP_TM_Enhancements

Regards

Petra

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