Kanchan Manandhar/Anoj Khadka

It is a natural truth that the colour of skin does not identify the originality of a person. But the term “black” has been used to Indigenous Australian since the early European settlement and hence they have been consistently backward in terms of overall human development. We are fortunate to do a research and analyse the data available as one of the assessment on our post graduate studies under the supervision of our lecturer Mr. Parves Ahmed.  Due to the huge gap in social status of Australian government has been very active to put extra effort towards the improvement and help development of social status of Indigenous Australian. In this blog, we have analysed the Australian government’s expenditure on Indigenous health and welfare by analysing the expenditure it has made on several aspects concerned with the health of Indigenous population.  In our blog, the SAP Lumira based analysis of statistics research is done on the expenditure in the health and wellbeing of the indigenous Australians in order to reduce the prominent gap between the current health status among indigenous and non-indigenous Australians.

We were introduced to the Sap Lumira cloud in our Business Analytics (BCO6007). We decided to analyse a set of data on government’s expenditure on health and welfare of indigenous Australian. The Australian Bureau of statistics defines and Indigenous Australians are the group of people existed in Australia and surrounding islands before the European colonisation, so the word indigenous much broader in the sense that it is ethnically diverse. The groups such as Tiwi, Noongar, and Torres Strait Islanders are grouped as indigenous though they do not have such close relationship. Indigenous people identify themselves as the people whose traditional cultures and lands lie on the mainland and most of the islands.      

The population of Indigenous was 669900 in 2011 which was just 3% of the total population which increased to 712600 in 30 June 2014.  The life expectancy of an Indigenous Australian was was estimated to be 69.1 years for males which is 11.5 years lower than non-indigenous male and 73.7 years for female which is 9.7 years lower than non-indigenous female. So the record shows only 3% of Indigenous population is aged 65 or over it.

There is a big gap between Indigenous and non-indigenous Australian so the Australian government has targeted to close those gaps. Australian government has kept indigenous population and indigenous affairs as a significant national priority.  The government is giving many efforts to deliver the outcomes in the key areas of:

  • The gap in life expectancy with a generation
  • Halve the gap in mortality rate
  • Ensure access to early childhood education
  • Bring the improvement from poorer health
  • Lower the level of education and employment

Life expectancy depicts the population health and reflects the overall mortality level of the population. Life expectancy in Australia is improving dramatically in both the sexes. But the indigenous Australian has much higher death rates. There are different reasons for this short life expectancy. Indigenous people die with different diseases and accidents in different ages where as non-indigenous people very fewer ratio of suffering from diseases and accidents.

Fig 1 Average death.jpg

Figure: Visual representation of comparison of Average deaths for Indigenous and Non-indigenous population

Indigenous Australian aged 16-64 were three times not likely to get the jobs as compared to the non-indigenous Australian. The percentage of indigenous people working on different occupations is 5.5% whereas the non-indigenous work force is 17.2%. The gap between indigenous and non-indigenous is 11.7%.

fig 2 occupation list.png

Figure: Different sources of funding on Health and Welfare of Indigenous(On left) and Non-indigenous(On right)

The expenditures done by the government in different kinds of injuries in different medical institutes are almost for both the indigenous and non-indigenous people.

fig 3 treatment expenses indigenous injuries.png

Figure: Expenses of Government for treatment of Indigenous injuries

fig 4 treatment expenses non indigenous injuries.png

Figure: Expenditure of Government for Injury treatment of Non-indigenous population

Government is spending a lot for the community support, welfare services, housing and homeless support of the indigenous Australian in comparison to the non-indigenous Australian. But the data shows the government is giving higher security services to the non-indigenous people than to the indigenous Australians.

fig 5 funding on welfare types.png

Figure: Expenditure on different types of welfare

Education plays an important role in building a better life. Indigenous Australian school going children are relatively lower in comparison to non-indigenous Australian. The government is focusing on the awareness of education in the indigenous society. The government need to make the indigenous people understand the benefits of the education, which can lead them to the awareness on health, the opportunity of getting employed and having better life style.

Thus after looking into the statistics using SAP Lumira, we can visually identify the huge gap between Indigenous and Non Indigenous gap in terms of average health condition. The government is also putting substantial amount of effort to cut down the gap so that the average life expectancy of indigenous population would increase. It is investing more on the hospitals and social welfare for indigenous population’s social welfare to improvide the overall indigenous health and welfare.

References

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