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Dear Friends and SAP Family,

Greetings for the day.

Here I would like to show up some exclusive and real time analysis on Non Communicable Diseases. The analysis and the story is based upon the data extracted from WHO’s website that shares lots of datasets and information as open source and visualizations has been developed using SAP LUMIRA Personal Edition.

I would hereby share this story and factuals in the section ‘Health and Social Impact Alliance’ of the Data Genius Contest 2015.

So Here we go…

What is Non Communicable Disease (NCD) ?

Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is non-infectious or non-transmissible. NCDs can refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly. Sometimes, NCDs result in rapid deaths such as seen in certain diseases such as autoimmune diseases, heart diseases, stroke, cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease,cataracts, and others.

List of Non Communicable Diseases.png

Fig: Tree Diagram


Causes and Risk Factors of NCDs:

Risk factors such as a person’s background; lifestyle and environment are known to increase the likelihood of certain non-communicable diseases. They include age, gender, genetics, exposure to air pollution, and behaviors such as smoking, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which can lead to hypertension and obesity, in turn leading to increased risk of many NCDs. Most NCDs are considered preventable because they are caused by modifiable risk factors.

Risk Factors of Non Communicable Diseases.png

Fig: Tree Diagram

Visualizations and Country wise Analysis of NCDs’ Mortality Rate :

Mortality Rate : Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 9.5 (out of 1,000) in a population of 1,000 would mean 9.5 deaths per year in that entire population, or 0.95% out of the total.

a.] NCD Mortality Rate accross Countries – Worldwide

We can see a geographical analysis in the below visualization of how the NCD death rate has been spread across the globe.

Total NCD Deaths by Country - Worldwide.png

Fig: Geographical Bubble Chart

b.] Top 10 Countries with High NCD Mortality Rate (Gender wise)

Top 10 Countries with Total NCD Deaths (Gender wise).png

Fig: 3D Chart

c.] Top 10 Countries with High Cancer mortality rate by cause (per 100 000 population) – Both Sexes

Top 10 Countries with High Cancer mortality rate by cause (per 100 000 population) - Both Sexes.png

Fig: 3D Pie Chart

d.] Top 10 Countires – Cardiovascular diseases mortality rate (per 100 000 population) – Both Sexes

Top 10 Countires - Cardiovascular diseases mortality rate by cause (per 100 000 population) - Both Sexes.png

Fig : Marimekko Chart

e.] Top 15 Countires – High Diabetes mortality rate (per 100 000 population) – Both Sexes

Top 15 Countires - High Diabetes mortality rate by cause (per 100 000 population) - Both Sexes.png

Fig: Column Chart


f.] Top 50 Countries with High Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality rate

Top 50 Countries with High Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality rate.png

Fig: Geo Choropleth Chart

Visualizations and Analysis of Risk Factors prevalence in Countries :

Prevalence : is a term which means being widespread and it is distinct from incidence. Prevalence is a measurement of all individuals affected by the disease at a particular time, whereas incidence is a measurement of the number of new individuals who contract a disease during a particular period of time.


a.] Top 20 Countries with very high Average Daily intake in Grams of Alcohol


Top 20 Countries with very high Average Daily intake in Grams of Alcohol.png

Fig: Radar Chart

b.] Top 20 Countries with Raised Total Cholesterol (≥6.2 mmolL)


Top 20 Countries with Raised total cholesterol (≥6.2 mmolL).png

Fig: Tagged Cloud

c.] Top 10 Countries with heavy Tobacco Usage by Males and Females


Top 10 Countries with heavy Tobacco Usage by Males and Females.png

Fig: Marimekko Chart

d.] Top 5 Countries by high Prevalence rate of Obesity (body mass index = 30)


Top 5 Countries by high Prevalence rate of Obesity (body mass index = 30).png

Fig: Waterfall Chart


e.] Continent wise Population with Raised blood pressure (SBP 140 OR DBP 90)


Continent wise Population with Raised blood pressure (SBP 140 OR DBP 90).png

Fig: Funnel Chart


The World Health Organization is the specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as coordinating authority on international public health issues, including NCDs. In May 2008, the 193 Member States of the WHO approved a six-year plan to address non-communicable diseases, especially the rapidly increasing burden in low- and middle-income countries.

Also refering to further more data sets available with WHO, we as Analysts can do in depth analysis of NCD Tests, Measures, Preventions and Procedures so as to make the world be aware of that.

By this analysis, I as an Individual is now able to see which part of world is really facing serious problems with the increasing Mortality Rates and Prevalence of NCDs. As a part of WHO org., one can go through this visualizations which is the new face of already existing data and can act accordingly and can take measures in a right direction.

Thanks from bottom my heart to read this short story about NCD.

Stay Fit, Stay Healty

Happy Analysis ! #BeingDataGenius

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8 Comments

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  1. Witalij Rudnicki

    Thanks for sharing your insights. I am thinking though if the usage of the funnel chart would be the best fit for the last chart? This chart should show numbers at particular stages of some process, while I do not think (at least hope 😉 ) it is not the way raised blood preassure is flowing through continents.

    (0) 
    1. Papil Patil Post author

      Thanks for sharing your thoughts, well, the Data Labels(numbers) are limited to be shown through moving the cursor only; on the areas of funnel chart.

      For eg:

      /wp-content/uploads/2015/07/1_746564.png

                          /wp-content/uploads/2015/07/2_746565.png

      As I was more emphasizing on the Ranking, thought of showing it through funnel in a descending manner, not a good option though. I agree with you 🙂

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  2. Prasanna Bhat Mavinakuli

    Hi, Papil.

    It is really great post. Thank you for the same.

    Btw, I have very silly question – As I don’t know whom to ask, I am just asking you. Please don’t mind.

    Actually I have written one very elementary analysis on India’s milk production. But I am unable to upload the visualizations or stories. I am trying to export the story to pdf and tried upload – It did not work saying not supported. It made me to send the visualizations by email and trying to upload those images. Again I got the same error and sizes were also huge.

    Is there any simple and elegant way to upload the stories/visualizations to blog post. Sorry to ask this question – But hope you don’t mind to educate me on this so that I will also make an attempt of posting the blogs.

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Prasanna.

    (0) 
    1. Papil Patil Post author

      Hi Prasanna,

      You can take screen capture (PrintScreen or Window+S) of your visualizations, save as .png or .jpeg using MS Paint and upload those image files over here in your blog. That will for sure work.

      Regards,

      (0) 

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