Non Communicable Diseases – World Wide Risk Factors and Analysis
Dear Friends and SAP Family,
Greetings for the day.
Here I would like to show up some exclusive and real time analysis on Non Communicable Diseases. The analysis and the story is based upon the data extracted from WHO’s website that shares lots of datasets and information as open source and visualizations has been developed using SAP LUMIRA Personal Edition.
I would hereby share this story and factuals in the section ‘Health and Social Impact Alliance’ of the Data Genius Contest 2015.
So Here we go…
What is Non Communicable Disease (NCD) ?
Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is non-infectious or non-transmissible. NCDs can refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly. Sometimes, NCDs result in rapid deaths such as seen in certain diseases such as autoimmune diseases, heart diseases, stroke, cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease,cataracts, and others.
Fig: Tree Diagram
Causes and Risk Factors of NCDs:
Risk factors such as a person’s background; lifestyle and environment are known to increase the likelihood of certain non-communicable diseases. They include age, gender, genetics, exposure to air pollution, and behaviors such as smoking, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which can lead to hypertension and obesity, in turn leading to increased risk of many NCDs. Most NCDs are considered preventable because they are caused by modifiable risk factors.
Fig: Tree Diagram
Visualizations and Country wise Analysis of NCDs’ Mortality Rate :
Mortality Rate : Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 9.5 (out of 1,000) in a population of 1,000 would mean 9.5 deaths per year in that entire population, or 0.95% out of the total.
a.] NCD Mortality Rate accross Countries – Worldwide
We can see a geographical analysis in the below visualization of how the NCD death rate has been spread across the globe.
Fig: Geographical Bubble Chart
b.] Top 10 Countries with High NCD Mortality Rate (Gender wise)
Fig: 3D Chart
c.] Top 10 Countries with High Cancer mortality rate by cause (per 100 000 population) – Both Sexes
Fig: 3D Pie Chart
d.] Top 10 Countires – Cardiovascular diseases mortality rate (per 100 000 population) – Both Sexes
Fig : Marimekko Chart
e.] Top 15 Countires – High Diabetes mortality rate (per 100 000 population) – Both Sexes
Fig: Column Chart
f.] Top 50 Countries with High Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality rate
Fig: Geo Choropleth Chart
Visualizations and Analysis of Risk Factors prevalence in Countries :
Prevalence : is a term which means being widespread and it is distinct from incidence. Prevalence is a measurement of all individuals affected by the disease at a particular time, whereas incidence is a measurement of the number of new individuals who contract a disease during a particular period of time.
a.] Top 20 Countries with very high Average Daily intake in Grams of Alcohol
Fig: Radar Chart
b.] Top 20 Countries with Raised Total Cholesterol (≥6.2 mmolL)
Fig: Tagged Cloud
c.] Top 10 Countries with heavy Tobacco Usage by Males and Females
Fig: Marimekko Chart
d.] Top 5 Countries by high Prevalence rate of Obesity (body mass index = 30)
Fig: Waterfall Chart
e.] Continent wise Population with Raised blood pressure (SBP 140 OR DBP 90)
Fig: Funnel Chart
The World Health Organization is the specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as coordinating authority on international public health issues, including NCDs. In May 2008, the 193 Member States of the WHO approved a six-year plan to address non-communicable diseases, especially the rapidly increasing burden in low- and middle-income countries.
Also refering to further more data sets available with WHO, we as Analysts can do in depth analysis of NCD Tests, Measures, Preventions and Procedures so as to make the world be aware of that.
By this analysis, I as an Individual is now able to see which part of world is really facing serious problems with the increasing Mortality Rates and Prevalence of NCDs. As a part of WHO org., one can go through this visualizations which is the new face of already existing data and can act accordingly and can take measures in a right direction.
Thanks from bottom my heart to read this short story about NCD.
Stay Fit, Stay Healty
Happy Analysis ! #BeingDataGenius